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Additive effects of the major risk alleles of IRF5 and STAT4 in primary Sjögren's syndrome.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature90739
Source
Genes Immun. 2009 Jan;10(1):68-76
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2009
Author
Nordmark G.
Kristjansdottir G.
Theander E.
Eriksson P.
Brun J G
Wang C.
Padyukov L.
Truedsson L.
Alm G.
Eloranta M-L
Jonsson R.
Rönnblom L.
Syvänen A-C
Author Affiliation
Section of Rheumatology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Gunnel.Nordmark@medsci.uu.se
Source
Genes Immun. 2009 Jan;10(1):68-76
Date
Jan-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Alleles
Asian Continental Ancestry Group - genetics - statistics & numerical data
Case-Control Studies
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
European Continental Ancestry Group - genetics - statistics & numerical data
Female
Gene Frequency
Haplotypes
Heterozygote
Humans
Interferon Regulatory Factors - genetics - immunology
Linear Models
Linkage Disequilibrium
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Odds Ratio
Polymorphism, Genetic
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Probability
Risk factors
STAT4 Transcription Factor - genetics - immunology
Sjogren's Syndrome - genetics - immunology
Sweden
Abstract
Primary Sj?gren's syndrome (SS) shares many features with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here we investigated the association of the three major polymorphisms in IRF5 and STAT4 found to be associated with SLE, in patients from Sweden and Norway with primary SS. These polymorphisms are a 5-bp CGGGG indel in the promoter of IRF5, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10488631 downstream of IRF5 and the STAT4 SNP rs7582694, which tags the major risk haplotype of STAT4. We observed strong signals for association between all three polymorphisms and primary SS, with odds ratios (ORs) >1.4 and P-values
PubMed ID
19092842 View in PubMed
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Interactions between hepatic lipase and apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms affect serum lipid profiles of healthy Canadian adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156069
Source
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2008 Aug;33(4):761-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2008
Author
Kevin C M Wood
Morgan D Fullerton
Ahmed El-Sohemy
Marica Bakovic
Author Affiliation
Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON.
Source
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2008 Aug;33(4):761-8
Date
Aug-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Apolipoproteins E - blood - genetics
Asian Continental Ancestry Group - genetics - statistics & numerical data
Canada
Cholesterol - blood - genetics
Cross-Sectional Studies
European Continental Ancestry Group - genetics - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Lipase - blood - genetics
Lipids - blood - genetics
Liver - enzymology
Male
Polymorphism, Genetic - genetics
Reference Values
Sex Distribution
Triglycerides - blood - genetics
Young Adult
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to assess the individual and interactive effects between hepatic lipase (LIPC; C-514T, G-250A) and apolipoprotein E (APOE) (E2, E3, E4) gene polymorphisms on levels of plasma lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride among healthy, young, Canadian adults (n = 440). All subjects with at least one APOE2 allele had significantly lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, and total cholesterol - high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio when compared with those with the APOE3 or APOE4 allele. There were significant differences in the LIPC allele and genotype frequencies between Caucasian (n = 207) and Asian (n = 211) individuals, but ethnicity did not contribute to the variations in circulating lipids. In addition, the lowest triglyceride levels (0.87 +/- 0.27 mmol.mL(-1)) were found in all APOE2 individuals carrying LIPC-514-CC and LIPC-250-GG genotypes, whereas the highest triglyceride levels (1.29 +/- 0.34 -1.32 +/- 0.32 mmol.mL(-1)) were found in APOE2 individuals carrying the opposite genotypes, LIPC-514TT and LIPC-250AA. These observations, distinct from the anti-atherogenic effects of APOE2 through the lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and LIPC on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, suggest that there is an interactive effect between APOE and LIPC genotypes on plasma triglyceride levels. These results provide the basis for further studies on establishing which genotype combinations would be the most protective against hypertriglyceridemia.
PubMed ID
18641720 View in PubMed
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