BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With the exception of atrial fibrillation (AF), little scientific attention has been given the associations between cardiac arrhythmias and incidence of stroke. We sought to study whether atrial and ventricular arrhythmias assessed during a 24-hour ambulatory ECG registration are associated with incidence of stroke. METHODS: The population-based cohort "Men Born in 1914" was examined with 24-hour ambulatory ECG registrations at 68 years of age. Four hundred two men without previous myocardial infarction or stroke were included, and 236 of them had hypertension (>/=160/95 mm Hg or treatment). Fourteen-year rates of stroke (fatal and nonfatal) and all-cause mortality were updated from national and regional registers. Frequent or complex ventricular arrhythmias was defined as Lown class 2 to 5. A high frequency of atrial ectopic beats (AEB) was defined as the fifth quintile (ie, >/=218 AEB per 24 hours). RESULTS: Fifty-eight men suffered a first stroke during the follow-up. Stroke rates (per 1000 person-years) among men with AF (n=14), with frequent AEB (n=77), and without AF or frequent AEB (n=311) were 34.5, 19.5, and 11.6, respectively. The corresponding values among men with hypertension were 40.7, 32.3, and 14.7, respectively. Frequent AEB (compared with absence of AF and frequent AEB) was significantly associated with stroke among all men (relative risk=1.9; 95% CI, 1.02 to 3.4; P:=0.04) and among hypertensive men (relative risk=2.5; 95% CI, 1.3 to 4.8; P:=0.009) after adjustments for potential confounders. The increased stroke rates among men with Lown class 2 to 5 did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: A high frequency of AEB is associated with an increased incidence of stroke.
This review is a task force report prepared by a working group appointed by the Danish Society of International Medicine. The report gives guidelines for the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of tachyarrhythmias and bradyarrhythmias and for the referral of patients to centers with electrophysiological experience.
PURPOSE: To elucidate possible effect of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy on interictal heart rate (HR) variability in patients with refractory epilepsy before and after 1-year VNS treatment. METHODS: A 24-hour electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded at the baseline and after 12 months of VNS treatment in 14 patients with refractory epilepsy, and once in 28 healthy age- and sex-matched control subjects. Time and frequency domain measures, along with fractal and complexity measures of HR variability, were analyzed from the ECG recordings. RESULTS: The mean value of the RR interval (p=0.008), standard deviation of N-N intervals (SDNN) (p
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular dysregulation has been detected in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) by using cardiovascular reflex tests and analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). The two methods have not previously been used in the same study to compare them in the assessment of cardioregulatory function. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the best method to reveal structural changes such as hippocampal sclerosis associated with TLE. It is not known whether these structural changes modify cardioregulatory function in patients with TLE. METHODS: Standard cardiovascular reflex tests and analysis of spectral and dynamic measures from 24-h electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings were performed for eight patients with and 31 patients without hippocampal sclerosis and for 72 control subjects. MRI also was performed in each patient to reveal hippocampal sclerosis. RESULTS: Various measures of cardiovascular reflexes and HRV were diminished in patients with TLE compared with the control subjects. No significant differences were found in the measures obtained from the cardiovascular reflex tests or analysis of HRV between those with and without hippocampal sclerosis, although a nonsignificant trend toward reduced values was seen among those with hippocampal sclerosis. The values of cardiovascular reflexes and spectral analysis of HRV correlated with each other. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that functional rather than structural changes related to TLE are involved mainly as a mechanism of altered cardioregulatory function. The cardiovascular reflex test and analysis of HRV both appear to be useful in studying cardioregulation in patients with TLE.
The paper presents the results of their own studies of the central hemodynamics of 1900 adolescents aged 10-17 years in the Primorye Territory. Most adolescents were found to have reduced cardiac output, stroke output, and cardiac index and no definitive level of the development of the cardiovascular system by the age of 17 years; the adolescents aged 10-14 years had diminished physical fitness. ECG arrhythmia was most frequently observed in the schoolchildren. There is no question that to study the adolescents' morphofunctional development, by applying a regional approach is important and necessary for the substantiation and implementation of preventive measures.