This study assessed the intrapersonal and interpersonal functioning of a three-couple expedition group that included a 2 1/2-year-old child which was ice-locked on a boat in the High Arctic during a major portion of the expedition. Personality assessment indicated that team members were generally well adjusted, scoring relatively higher on well-being and achievement and relatively lower on stress reactivity. Weekly mood ratings showed that the group exhibited significantly higher positive than negative affect. Reported negative events were relatively most frequent at the beginning of the Arctic stay and toward the end of the darkness period and were lowest during the initial darkness interval. The period of darkness had both a salutary and negative impact. A highly important means of coping with stress was seeking emotional support from one's partner. Selection of couples with strong bonds with their partner appears to be one viable approach for crew selection for long-duration missions.
Age dynamics and seasonal variations in cerebral blood flow was studied by means of transcranial Doppler in 95 the natives of the Arkhangelsk region school students aged 7 to 18 years. The results of longitudinal (from 2005 to 2014) study of students are presented. The linear blood flow velocity (BFV) showed gradual declining from junior to senior school age, and BFV were in the middle cerebral artery below average, and in the basilar artery--above mid latitude standards. The influence of the seasonal factor is more pronounced in the younger (for boys) and intermediate (for girls) age group and leveled in the older group. The largest seasonal changes were obtained in BFV in carotid arteries, the relative constancy--in BFV in the basilar artery. Estimated by the resistivity index RI circulatory resistance in the younger and intermediate school students groups decreased in the carotid arteries in the spring and summer, and in the posterior cerebral artery territory--in the winter. BFV rate variability identifies groups of children with varying degrees of "sensitivity" to the influence of seasonal factors.