Skip header and navigation

Refine By

405 records – page 1 of 41.

[3 cases of viral carriage detected during screening for HIV antibodies].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226768
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1991
Author
E M Shelukhina
E V Chekunova
G R Matsevich
I A Okunev
S S Marennikova
M R Zak
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1991 Mar;(3):16-8
Date
Mar-1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Blood Donors
Carrier State - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - immunology
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoblotting
Lithuania - epidemiology
Mass Screening - methods
Moscow - epidemiology
Risk factors
Abstract
The results of screening more than 23,000 serum samples from persons belonging to risk groups, as well as those not belonging to such groups, in Moscow, Vilnius and Klaipeda are presented. Screening was carried out with the use of an assay system manufactured by the Scientific and Industrial Amalgamation "Antigen" (USSR). In this screening 3 HIV carriers were detected; of these, 2 were foreign students from two African countries.
PubMed ID
1872091 View in PubMed
Less detail

Absence of glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies in childhood epilepsies.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature33038
Source
Pediatr Neurol. 1999 Nov;21(5):794-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1999
Author
H. Rantala
P. Kulmala
K. Savola
M. Knip
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland.
Source
Pediatr Neurol. 1999 Nov;21(5):794-6
Date
Nov-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antibodies - blood
Biological Markers - blood
Child
Child, Preschool
Epilepsy - diagnosis - enzymology
Female
Glutamate Decarboxylase - blood - immunology
Humans
Male
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies are present in some patients with therapy-resistant epilepsy. The authors measured glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies in an unselected population of 114 children with different types of epilepsy. Three children with temporal lobe epilepsy and six children with various other types of epilepsy had intractable epilepsy. None of the children tested positive for glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies. The study suggests that glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody testing cannot be recommended in unselected cases of childhood epilepsy.
PubMed ID
10593668 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Accelerated aging of immune system of the veterans of special risk subdivisions].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature160568
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2007;20(1):96-111
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
N V Alishev
A A Vashkevich
B A Drabkin
T M Koroleva
L S Kositskaia
V M Shubik
Source
Adv Gerontol. 2007;20(1):96-111
Date
2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aging, Premature - etiology
Antibodies - blood
Autoimmunity
Female
Humans
Immune System - radiation effects
Immunoglobulin G - blood
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - immunology
Nuclear Weapons
Russia
Stress, Psychological - complications
Veterans
Abstract
Long far after nuclear weapons tests the veterans of special risk subdivisions (SRS) had changes of humoral factors of nonspecific protection, concentration of immunoglobulins in blood serum, lymphocytes sensibleness to respiratory viruses, humoral and cellular autoimmune displacements, raise of turmonecrotic factor content. Some of the revealed changes (complement, lysocim, concentration of immunoglobulins) are bound up with elderly age of examined people and their diseases. The other changes (autoimmune displacements, sensibleness to respiratory viruses) can be bound up with nuclear weapons tests. Some immunology changes occur because of radiation and non-radiation factors, a nervous shock being among them. Estimate of autoimmune changes is important for the health characteristic 20-40 years after nuclear tests and possible radiation influence. The role of such changes is significant in a sick rate of the veterans of special risk subdivisions.
PubMed ID
17969593 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adiposity, compared with masculinity, serves as a more valid cue to immunocompetence in human mate choice.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature118562
Source
Proc Biol Sci. 2013 Jan 22;280(1751):20122495
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-22-2013
Author
Markus J Rantala
Vinet Coetzee
Fhionna R Moore
Ilona Skrinda
Sanita Kecko
Tatjana Krama
Inese Kivleniece
Indrikis Krams
Author Affiliation
Department of Biology, Section of Ecology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland.
Source
Proc Biol Sci. 2013 Jan 22;280(1751):20122495
Date
Jan-22-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adipose Tissue
Adiposity - genetics
Adult
Body Weights and Measures
Choice Behavior
Cues
European Continental Ancestry Group
Face
Female
Finland
Hepatitis B Antibodies - blood
Humans
Immunocompetence - genetics
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Latvia
Male
Masculinity
Regression Analysis
Sexual Behavior - physiology
Testosterone - blood
Abstract
According to the 'good genes' hypothesis, females choose males based on traits that indicate the male's genetic quality in terms of disease resistance. The 'immunocompetence handicap hypothesis' proposed that secondary sexual traits serve as indicators of male genetic quality, because they indicate that males can contend with the immunosuppressive effects of testosterone. Masculinity is commonly assumed to serve as such a secondary sexual trait. Yet, women do not consistently prefer masculine looking men, nor is masculinity consistently related to health across studies. Here, we show that adiposity, but not masculinity, significantly mediates the relationship between a direct measure of immune response (hepatitis B antibody response) and attractiveness for both body and facial measurements. In addition, we show that circulating testosterone is more closely associated with adiposity than masculinity. These findings indicate that adiposity, compared with masculinity, serves as a more important cue to immunocompetence in female mate choice.
Notes
Cites: JAMA. 1999 Oct 27;282(16):1523-910546691
Cites: Nature. 1998 Aug 27;394(6696):884-79732869
Cites: Ann Intern Med. 1993 Oct 1;119(7 Pt 2):655-608363192
Cites: Proc Biol Sci. 1998 May 22;265(1399):927-339633114
Cites: Br J Psychol. 2000 Feb;91 ( Pt 1):125-4010717775
Cites: Nat Commun. 2012;3:69422353724
Cites: PLoS One. 2010;5(10):e1358521048972
Cites: Perception. 2009;38(11):1700-1120120267
Cites: Demography. 2009 Feb;46(1):27-4119348107
Cites: Evolution. 2008 Oct;62(10):2473-8618691260
Cites: Behav Res Methods. 2008 Aug;40(3):879-9118697684
Cites: Circulation. 2007 Oct 23;116(17):1942-5117965405
Cites: Horm Behav. 2007 May;51(5):633-917466990
Cites: J Nutr. 2006 May;136(5):1141-416614394
Cites: Annu Rev Psychol. 2006;57:199-22616318594
Cites: Psychol Bull. 2005 Sep;131(5):635-5316187849
Cites: Hum Reprod. 1999 Jul;14(7):1835-910402400
Cites: Nature. 1999 Jun 24;399(6738):741-210391238
Cites: Lancet. 1999 May 1;353(9163):150010232328
Cites: Science. 1982 Oct 22;218(4570):384-77123238
Cites: Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004 Jan;28(1):39-4814610529
Cites: Proc Biol Sci. 2003 Aug 7;270 Suppl 1:S93-512952647
Cites: JAMA. 2003 Jan 1;289(1):76-912503980
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Sep;72(3):694-70110966886
PubMed ID
23193134 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A method for transporting blood samples for the determination of antibodies to HIV infection]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8095
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Apr;(4):102-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1993
Author
F I Bogomolov
V S Tomashuk
V M Sheleva
Source
Lik Sprava. 1993 Apr;(4):102-3
Date
Apr-1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
English Abstract
HIV Antibodies - blood
Humans
Polystyrenes
Specimen Handling - instrumentation - methods
Ukraine
Abstract
More than 80,000 blood samples are annually transported to the Lutsk diagnostic center for assessment of antibodies to HIV. A polystyrol container for 50 vials is used for transportation of the blood samples for these purpose. The advantages of this way of transportation are discussed.
PubMed ID
8209428 View in PubMed
Less detail

[A method of taking finger blood samples for mass examinations for the presence of antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature228670
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1990 Aug;(8):26-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1990

[An analysis of the blood sera of patients infected with HIV-1 for the presence of antibodies to the gp120 and gp41 sequences].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214741
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1995 Jul-Aug;(4):47-51
Publication Type
Article
Author
O V Sergeev
M M Garaev
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1995 Jul-Aug;(4):47-51
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Amino Acid Sequence
Escherichia coli - immunology
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Envelope Protein gp120 - immunology
HIV Envelope Protein gp160 - immunology
HIV Envelope Protein gp41 - immunology
HIV Infections - diagnosis
HIV-1 - immunology
Humans
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Molecular Sequence Data
Peptide Fragments - immunology
Recombinant Proteins - immunology
Republic of Belarus
Russia
Abstract
Blood sera, originating four regions of Russia and Byelorussia and previously tested for the content of antibodies to HIV-1 proteins, were studied in the enzyme immunoassay on the basis of recombinant sequences gp160, as well as on the basis of oligopeptides corresponding to sequences V3 of six HIV-1 strains. The possibility of using sequences gp160, contained in fusion polypeptides synthesized in Escherichia coli cells, for the detection of antibodies in laboratory research was shown. Differences in the reactivity of the sera under study with respect to fragments gp160 correlated with the geographical origin of these sera: similarity between the serum samples from Elista and Rostov and their difference from serum samples collected in other regions were shown.
PubMed ID
9381871 View in PubMed
Less detail

[An epidemiological evaluation of the incidence of detecting markers of hepatitis B and C viral infection in the blood of the medical personnel of a large general hospital].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature208490
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1997 May-Jun;(3):36-40
Publication Type
Article
Author
V G Akimkin
B N Lytsar'
S V Skvortsov
L M Samokhodskaia
I V Aristarkhova
I A Symakova
E K D'iachuk
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1997 May-Jun;(3):36-40
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biological Markers - blood
Hepatitis B - epidemiology - immunology
Hepatitis B Antibodies - blood
Hepatitis B Core Antigens - blood
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens - blood
Hepatitis C - epidemiology - immunology
Hepatitis C Antibodies - blood
Hospitals, General
Humans
Incidence
Medical Staff, Hospital
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - immunology
Russia - epidemiology
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Abstract
Virus hepatitis B and C are widespread human diseases of viral etiology, characterized by a common mechanism of the transmission of their etiological agents. The study of the routes of transmission of these infections in hospitals and the epidemiological characterization of the occurrence of the markers of hepatitis B and C among the medical personnel working in therapeutic and prophylactic institutions (TPI) are highly important problems. The data obtained in our investigations make it possible to determine the irregular character of the detection rate of the markers of virus infection among the medical personnel in different departments of a large hospital and to give explanation for such irregularity. A high morbidity rate in virus hepatitis B and C among the medical personnel continues to be one of serious problem facing TPI, and the improvement of the methods of their prevention is still a highly important task of hospital epidemiology.
PubMed ID
9304325 View in PubMed
Less detail

[An HIV prevalence study by means of sentinel epidemiological surveillance among injection narcotic abusers in Saint Petersburg].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature197225
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jul-Aug;(4):31-3
Publication Type
Article
Author
T T Smol'skaia
L N Khodakevich
Iu V Kobyshcha
A S Pimenov
D V Ostrovskii
E A Shilova
S V Suvorova
S V Kotova
Zh V Terent'eva
G V Volkova
G A Makarenko
Author Affiliation
North-Western Regional Scientific Methodological Center for Prevention and Control of AIDS, Public Organization Vozvrashcheniye (Return), St. Petersburg, Russia.
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2000 Jul-Aug;(4):31-3
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Chronic Disease
Female
HIV Antibodies - blood
HIV Seroprevalence
Humans
Male
Needle-Exchange Programs
Opioid-Related Disorders - epidemiology - immunology
Russia - epidemiology
Sentinel Surveillance
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - epidemiology - immunology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The data on the study of the spread of HIV infection among injecting drug users in St. Petersburg, carried out by the method of the random testing of blood remaining in used syringes, are presented. Injecting drug users visiting buses working in accordance with the program "Buses for Assistance to Drug Addicts" were chosen as a study group. The exchange of syringes was one of the elements of this program. The work was carried out in two areas with a high concentration of drug users. The eluates from syringes used by 300 persons were studied. The average rate of the spread of HIV in the cohort under study was 12%. The results were indicative of a high degree of the spread of HIV among injecting drug users in St. Petersburg. Epidemiological patrol surveillance proved to be an effective method for the evaluation of the epidemiological situation in a highly inaccessible group of the population.
PubMed ID
10994099 View in PubMed
Less detail

405 records – page 1 of 41.