The Polish results of the international Happy Audit 2 project are reported which objective was to present therapeutic decisions made by general practitioners (especially antibiotics prescribed) and diagnostic methods applied to patients with respiratory tract infections (RTI).
Following each visit of patient with respiratory tract infection, general practitioners participating in the study completed the questionnaire. The questionnaire included patient's data (age, gender), the duration of disease, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, prescribed antibiotics, additional testing as well as the influence of various factors on therapeutic decision.
Having considered the results of HappyAudit in Poland, a total of 5,137 office visits of patients reporting symptoms of RTIs were analyzed. The average duration of symptoms before visiting GP was 4.8 days (compared to average 4.4 in other countries). Worth noting is that additional testing in diagnosis of RTIs was performed less frequently in Poland: rapid streptococcal test was conducted in 0.4% of cases (European average: 4.45%), CRP--in 2.2% of patients (average from other countries: 14.2%) and chest X-ray in 2.3% of cases compared to 14% in other project's participants. In Poland, the most frequently applied antibiotic was amoxicillin, which was used in 28.9% of cases ended with antibiotic prescribing (amoxicillin/pivampicillin were also predominant in other countries, excluding Sweden). In Poland, macrolides (22.4% of all prescriptions for antibiotic) and cephalosporins (12.1%) were frequently used. The results indicate that narrow-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed in Poland less frequently, with the example being penicillin V which was prescribed in 6.7% of patients with RTIs who were given antibiotic.
Comparing the results of Happy Audit 2 in Poland and other project's participants, the major differences consist in rare use of phenoxymethylpenicillin in favour of amoxicillin and macrolides as well as infrequent use of additional testing in diagnosis of RTIs in Poland.