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[Home oxygen therapy doubles survival rate in chronic hypoxia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature226950
Source
Lakartidningen. 1991 Jan 23;88(4):217
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-23-1991
Author
K. Ström
G. Boman
L. Rosenhall
Author Affiliation
Lungsektionen, Centrallasarettet, Karlskrona.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1991 Jan 23;88(4):217
Date
Jan-23-1991
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anoxia - mortality - therapy
Chronic Disease
Home Care Services
Home Nursing
Humans
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Sweden
PubMed ID
1994163 View in PubMed
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A randomized trial of strategies for assessing eligibility for long-term domiciliary oxygen therapy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature174744
Source
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Sep 1;172(5):573-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1-2005
Author
Gordon H Guyatt
Mika Nonoyama
Christina Lacchetti
Ron Goeree
Douglas McKim
Diane Heels-Ansdell
Roger Goldstein
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.
Source
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Sep 1;172(5):573-80
Date
Sep-1-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Anoxia - mortality - therapy
Canada
Costs and Cost Analysis
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy - economics - mortality
Patient Selection
Quality of Life
Self Administration - economics
Abstract
Restricting oxygen administration to those who benefit is desirable.
To determine the impact of alternative strategies for assessing eligibility for domiciliary oxygen on funded oxygen use, quality of life, and costs.
We randomized applicants for domiciliary oxygen therapy to an assessment system that relied on data collected by oxygen providers at the time of application and judgments by Home Oxygen Program personnel (conventional assessment) or to a system of data collection by a respiratory therapist that included, in patients unstable at the time of initial assessment, a repeat assessment after 2 months of stability (alternative assessment).
A total of 276 applicants were allocated to the conventional arm and 270 to the alternative assessment. In the year after application, oxygen use was lower in the alternative arm with no between-group differences in mortality, quality of life, or resource use in the community. Although alternative assessment applicants had on average higher assessment costs by dollars Canadian 155 per applicant, these costs were more than offset by decreased Home Oxygen Program costs of dollars Canadian 596 per applicant using Canadian cost weights. The comparable U.S. dollar figures were dollars US 309 and dollars US 432, respectively, and the difference in cost between strategies was therefore smaller using U.S. cost weights.
Reassessment of applicants for domiciliary oxygen after several months of stability identifies an appreciable portion of initially eligible patients who are no longer eligible, thus reducing program costs to public funders without adverse consequences on quality of life, mortality, or other resource use.
Notes
Comment In: Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Sep 1;172(5):517-816120712
PubMed ID
15901604 View in PubMed
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