A randomised comparison of bicalutamide ('Casodex') 150 mg versus placebo as immediate therapy either alone or as adjuvant to standard care for early non-metastatic prostate cancer. First report from the Scandinavian Prostatic Cancer Group Study No. 6.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of bicalutamide 150 mg ('Casodex'(1)) as immediate therapy, either alone or as adjuvant to treatment of curative intent, in patients with early (T1b-T4, any N, M0) prostate cancer. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind study was conducted in the Nordic countries as part of the 'Casodex' Early Prostate Cancer programme. Patients received bicalutamide 150 mg (n=607) or placebo (n=611) in addition to standard care. RESULTS: More than 80% of patients had not received therapy of primary curative intent. Median follow-up in both groups was 3 years. Median exposure to study treatment in the bicalutamide and standard care alone groups was 2.5 and 2.3 years, respectively. Bicalutamide reduced the risk of objective disease progression by 57% compared with standard care alone (HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.34, 0.55; p