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Diabetes among Alaska Natives: A review

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3105
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2003 Dec;62(4):363-387
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2003
/1000) and renal replacement therapy (2.1/1000) appear to be lo- wer than those in other Native American populations in the United States. Incidence of stroke and MI in 1986-1998 varied widely by eth- nic group and gender with Eskimo women having the highest rate of stroke (19.6/1000), and Aleut men
  1 document  
Author
Naylor, JL
Schraer, CD
Mayer, AM
Lanier, AP
Treat, CA
Murphy, NJ
Author Affiliation
Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Anchorage, Alaska, USA. jnaylor@anmc.org
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2003 Dec;62(4):363-387
Date
Dec-2003
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
File Size
118944
Keywords
Alaska Natives
Alaskan Indian
Aleut
Complications
Diabetes
Gestational diabetes
Abstract
This review summarizes the published information on diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes among Alaska Natives. The most recently published age-adjusted prevalence was 28.3/1000 in 1998. There is evidence of a steadily increasing prevalence, documented both by cross sectional screening studies and patient registry methods. The overall incidence rates in 1986-1998 of lower extremity amputation (6.1/1000) and renal replacement therapy (2.1/1000) appear to be lower than those in other Native American populations in the United States. Incidence of stroke and MI in 1986-1998 varied widely by ethnic group and gender with Eskimo women having the highest rate of stroke (19.6/1000), and Aleut men the highest rate of MI (14/1000). The overall mortality among diabetic Alaska Native people in 1986-1993 (43.2/1000) was somewhat lower than that in other US diabetic populations, with heart disease being the most common cause of death. A high rate of gestational diabetes (6.7%) was reported in one region in 1987-88, but this appeared to decline following nutritional education intervention. In screening studies, the prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance has been found to be positively associated with body mass index and negatively associated with daily seal oil or salmon consumption and higher levels of physical activity. Observations on the prevalence and relationships among other factors in the insulin resistance syndrome are summarized. Suggestions for prevention of diabetes and further studies are presented.
PubMed ID
14964764 View in PubMed
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Health risks in Alaska among Alaska Natives - Alaska behavioral risk factor survey 1991-1993

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature88239
Source
Juneau : State of Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. 54 pages.
Publication Type
Report
Date
Feb-1997
Native Population Alaska is the largest state, encompassing about one fifth of the total land mass of the contiguous United States. Because of its size, there are huge variations in topography and climate from one part of the state to the other. Alaska's name is derived from the Aleut word
  1 document  
Author
Schumacher, Catherine.
Author Affiliation
State of Alaska Department of Health and Social Services
Alaska Area Native Health Service
Source
Juneau : State of Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. 54 pages.
Date
Feb-1997
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
6751304
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska Natives
Cancer
Cerebrovascular disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Diabetes
Health Care Access
Healthy People 2000
Heart disease
Homicide
Liver disease and cirrhosis
Overweight
Physical activity
Pneumonia and influenza
Preventive health care practices
Safety belt use
Suicide
Tobacco use
Unintentional injuries
Health Behavior
Eskimos
Aleuts
Health and hygiene
Statistics
Abstract
Behavioral risk factors are associated with the leading causes of death in the United States and Alaska. Surveillance of behavioral risk factors allows us to monitor trends in health-related behavior and to measure progress toward reaching state and national health objectives. In cooperation with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was implemented in Alaska in 1990. This is the first report summarizing health risk behaviors for the Alaska Nativepopulation, based on the first three years of BRFSS data available in Alaska. Combined survey results from January 1991 to December of 1993 are presented. Of the total sample of 4,604 respondents, 927 are Alaska Native. These data represent Alaskan adults, aged18 and older with telephones. Prevalence estimates for the Alaska Native population are compared to the general population inAlaska.
Notes
ALASKA RA408.I49S38 1997
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The health status of Alaska's Native aging and aged population

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature288859
Source
University of Hawaii at Manoa. 45 pages.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
1977
Author
Bolesta, Laura
Source
University of Hawaii at Manoa. 45 pages.
Date
1977
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska
Health and hygiene
Older people
Eskimos
Indians of North America
Aleuts
Notes
ALASKA RA408.A3B65 1977
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