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Depression of tuberculin sensitivity following measles vaccination

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3402
Source
American Review of Respiratory Disease. 1964 Oct;90(4):607-611
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1964
Author
Brody, JA
McAlister, R
Author Affiliation
Arctic Health Research Center
Source
American Review of Respiratory Disease. 1964 Oct;90(4):607-611
Date
Oct-1964
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska
Alaskan Indians
Aleuts
Allergy and immunology
Eskimos
gamma-Globulins
Killed vaccine
Live vaccine
Measles Vaccine
Tuberculin Test
Abstract
The tuberculin reaction is frequently depressed following natural measles infection. Evidence also indicates that measles infection may aggravate a preexisting tuberculous condition. In a recent study, Mellman and Wetton described a temporary depression of the tuberculin reaction in children following vaccination with live attenuated measles virus vaccine. These writers stated that the depression occurred in measles-immune as well as in measles-susceptible persons but could be prevented by administering gamma-globulin simultaneously with the measles vaccine. Starr and Berkovich noted a depression in tuberculin sensitivity following the administration of live measles vaccine and gamma globulin, but stated that this occurred only in those susceptible to measles.Tuberculosis and measles are diseases of particular concern among Alaskan Indians, Aleuts, and Eskimos. Accordingly, at the Arctic Health Research Center in Anchorage, studies were initiated to confirm the above-cited observations and to extend the investigation to include the effect of killed measles virus vaccine on the tuberculin reaction. As will be seen, the data are somewhat at variance with those previously reported.
Notes
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 569.
PubMed ID
14221673 View in PubMed
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Diabetes among Alaska Natives: A review

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature3105
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2003 Dec;62(4):363-387
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2003
/1000) and renal replacement therapy (2.1/1000) appear to be lo- wer than those in other Native American populations in the United States. Incidence of stroke and MI in 1986-1998 varied widely by eth- nic group and gender with Eskimo women having the highest rate of stroke (19.6/1000), and Aleut men
  1 document  
Author
Naylor, JL
Schraer, CD
Mayer, AM
Lanier, AP
Treat, CA
Murphy, NJ
Author Affiliation
Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Anchorage, Alaska, USA. jnaylor@anmc.org
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2003 Dec;62(4):363-387
Date
Dec-2003
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
File Size
118944
Keywords
Alaska Natives
Alaskan Indian
Aleut
Complications
Diabetes
Gestational diabetes
Abstract
This review summarizes the published information on diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes among Alaska Natives. The most recently published age-adjusted prevalence was 28.3/1000 in 1998. There is evidence of a steadily increasing prevalence, documented both by cross sectional screening studies and patient registry methods. The overall incidence rates in 1986-1998 of lower extremity amputation (6.1/1000) and renal replacement therapy (2.1/1000) appear to be lower than those in other Native American populations in the United States. Incidence of stroke and MI in 1986-1998 varied widely by ethnic group and gender with Eskimo women having the highest rate of stroke (19.6/1000), and Aleut men the highest rate of MI (14/1000). The overall mortality among diabetic Alaska Native people in 1986-1993 (43.2/1000) was somewhat lower than that in other US diabetic populations, with heart disease being the most common cause of death. A high rate of gestational diabetes (6.7%) was reported in one region in 1987-88, but this appeared to decline following nutritional education intervention. In screening studies, the prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance has been found to be positively associated with body mass index and negatively associated with daily seal oil or salmon consumption and higher levels of physical activity. Observations on the prevalence and relationships among other factors in the insulin resistance syndrome are summarized. Suggestions for prevention of diabetes and further studies are presented.
PubMed ID
14964764 View in PubMed
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