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[Alcohol policy decisions to be made before joining the EEC: a liberal alcohol policy could be damaging]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11870
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 May 20;89(21):1854, 1859
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-20-1992
Author
S. Andréasson
Author Affiliation
Samhällsmedicinska enheten, Huddinge sjukhus.
Source
Lakartidningen. 1992 May 20;89(21):1854, 1859
Date
May-20-1992
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - trends
Alcoholism - complications - economics - prevention & control
European Union
Health Services Needs and Demand - economics
Humans
Sweden
PubMed ID
1598046 View in PubMed
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Associations among 25-year trends in diet, cholesterol and BMI from 140,000 observations in men and women in Northern Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123566
Source
Nutr J. 2012;11:40
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Ingegerd Johansson
Lena Maria Nilsson
Birgitta Stegmayr
Kurt Boman
Göran Hallmans
Anna Winkvist
Author Affiliation
Department of Odontology, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden. ingegerd.johansson@odont.umu.se
Source
Nutr J. 2012;11:40
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - trends
Body mass index
Cholesterol - blood
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted - adverse effects
Diet, High-Fat - adverse effects
Diet, Reducing - adverse effects - trends
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health promotion
Humans
Male
Mass Media - trends
Middle Aged
Patient Compliance - ethnology
Sex Characteristics
Sweden
Weight Gain
Abstract
In the 1970s, men in northern Sweden had among the highest prevalences of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) worldwide. An intervention program combining population- and individual-oriented activities was initiated in 1985. Concurrently, collection of information on medical risk factors, lifestyle and anthropometry started. Today, these data make up one of the largest databases in the world on diet intake in a population-based sample, both in terms of sample size and follow-up period. The study examines trends in food and nutrient intake, serum cholesterol and body mass index (BMI) from 1986 to 2010 in northern Sweden.
Cross-sectional information on self-reported food and nutrient intake and measured body weight, height, and serum cholesterol were compiled for over 140,000 observations. Trends and trend breaks over the 25-year period were evaluated for energy-providing nutrients, foods contributing to fat intake, serum cholesterol and BMI.
Reported intake of fat exhibited two significant trend breaks in both sexes: a decrease between 1986 and 1992 and an increase from 2002 (women) or 2004 (men). A reverse trend was noted for carbohydrates, whereas protein intake remained unchanged during the 25-year period. Significant trend breaks in intake of foods contributing to total fat intake were seen. Reported intake of wine increased sharply for both sexes (more so for women) and export beer increased for men. BMI increased continuously for both sexes, whereas serum cholesterol levels decreased during 1986 - 2004, remained unchanged until 2007 and then began to rise. The increase in serum cholesterol coincided with the increase in fat intake, especially with intake of saturated fat and fats for spreading on bread and cooking.
Men and women in northern Sweden decreased their reported fat intake in the first 7 years (1986-1992) of an intervention program. After 2004 fat intake increased sharply for both genders, which coincided with introduction of a positive media support for low carbohydrate-high-fat (LCHF) diet. The decrease and following increase in cholesterol levels occurred simultaneously with the time trends in food selection, whereas a constant increase in BMI remained unaltered. These changes in risk factors may have important effects on primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Notes
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PubMed ID
22686621 View in PubMed
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Fluctuations in male ischaemic heart disease mortality in Russia 1959-1998: assessing the importance of alcohol.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature149721
Source
Drug Alcohol Rev. 2009 Jul;28(4):390-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2009
Author
Mats Ramstedt
Author Affiliation
Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. mats.ramstedt@sorad.su.se
Source
Drug Alcohol Rev. 2009 Jul;28(4):390-5
Date
Jul-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects - trends
Alcoholism - complications - epidemiology
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis - etiology - mortality
Lung Neoplasms - etiology - mortality
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Multivariate Analysis
Myocardial Ischemia - etiology - mortality
Regression Analysis
Russia - epidemiology
Smoking - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
The decline in cardiovascular mortality in Russia following the Soviet anti-alcohol campaign of 1985-1988 and the subsequent increase when these extreme alcohol controls were repealed suggested that alcohol consumption is responsible for a substantial number of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) deaths in Russia. To examine whether a similar conclusion can be drawn on the basis of a time-series analysis covering a longer time period, namely 1959-1998.
Using ARIMA time-series analysis, the male IHD mortality rates from 1959 to 1998 were analysed in relation to three indicators of alcohol consumption: estimated per capita consumption, mortality from liver cirrhosis and alcohol poisonings. Cigarette sales and lung cancer mortality were used as indicators of smoking.
Each indicator of alcohol consumption had positive and statistically significant relationships with male IHD mortality in bivariate autoregressive integrated moving average models. The association was stronger in models predicting changes in premature male IHD mortality (30-54 years). At least one alcohol indicator was significantly related to IHD mortality in multivariate models, and in the case of premature IHD mortality, both mortality indicators were significant.
The results provide additional empirical evidence supporting alcohol's conceivable negative effects on IHD in Russia and the idea that binge drinking could be the mechanism through which this effect is mediated. There were no signs of any protective effects from alcohol among Russian men.
PubMed ID
19594793 View in PubMed
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Population drinking and alcohol harm: what these Canadian analyses tell us.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature184861
Source
Addiction. 2003 Jul;98(7):865-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2003