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Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3168-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Loft Steffen
Author Affiliation
Institut for Folkesundhedsvidenskab, Afdeling for Miljø og Sundhed, Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, Øster Farimagsgade 5, DK-1014 København K, Denmark. s.loft@pubhealth.ku.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3168-71
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Air Pollution, Indoor - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Animals
Cattle
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
Health
Humans
Methane - analysis
Ozone - analysis
Particulate Matter - analysis
Pollen
Risk factors
World Health
Abstract
Air quality, health and climate change are closely connected. Ozone depends on temperature and the greenhouse gas methane from cattle and biomass. Pollen presence depends on temperature and CO2. The effect of climate change on particulate air pollution is complex, but the likely net effect is greater health risks. Reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions by reduced livestock production and use of combustion for energy production, transport and heating will also improve air quality. Energy savings in buildings and use of CO2 neutral fuels should not deteriorate indoor and outdoor air quality.
PubMed ID
19857393 View in PubMed
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[Ambient air pollution and human health in the town of Nizhnekamsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature188786
Source
Gig Sanit. 2002 May-Jun;(3):12-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
F F Dautov
R F Khakimova
N G Gabitov
Source
Gig Sanit. 2002 May-Jun;(3):12-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Chemical Industry
Child, Preschool
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Hypersensitivity - epidemiology - etiology
Industrial Waste - adverse effects
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Respiratory Tract Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Russia - epidemiology
Skin Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Urban Health - statistics & numerical data
Water - analysis
Abstract
The paper gives hygienic characteristics of ambient air pollution and examines human health in the town of Nizhnekamsk. There are worse demographic indices. In the structure of morbidity, respiratory diseases make up the largest proportion (44.4%), injuries and poisoning rank next (16.9%), skin and skin fate occupy the third place (5.4%). There are the highest morbidity rates in the polluted areas of the town. In these areas, respiratory allergoses (preasthma and bronchial asthma) occur more frequently than in the controls.
PubMed ID
12198892 View in PubMed
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Development of a health effects-based priority ranking system for air emissions reductions from oil refineries in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159795
Source
J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2008;71(1):81-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Stephanie Gower
John Hicks
John Shortreed
Lorraine Craig
Stephen McColl
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, Canada.
Source
J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2008;71(1):81-5
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - analysis - toxicity
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Canada
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Extraction and Processing Industry
Humans
Industrial Waste - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Models, Theoretical
Petroleum
Abstract
In Canada, the Canadian Council of Ministers for the Environment (CCME) is currently engaged in a process to determine how best to reduce air emissions from oil refineries. The National Framework for Petroleum Refineries Emissions Reduction (NFPRER) is being developed with the input of stakeholders, including nongovernment organizations (NGOs), industry, and regulatory jurisdictions. One component of this framework is the development of a tool to prioritize emissions for reduction based on estimated health impacts. HEIDI II (Health Effects Indicators Decision Index II) is a spreadsheet-based model that prioritizes a series of carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic air toxicicants and criteria air contaminants commonly emitted from Canadian oil refineries. A generic meteorological dispersion model was applied to reported annual emissions data for each of Canada's 20 refineries. Photodegradation rates and ambient levels of each substance were accounted for, and air concentrations were calculated for 20 geographic zones around each refinery. These were coupled to toxicity data derived mainly from Health Canada and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and applied to target populations of children, adults and seniors. HEIDI II predicts incidence of relevant disease endpoints from each substance emitted, except for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), which were treated as chemical mixtures. Rankings were based on predicted case incidence or the application of a common health impact metric, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), to the predicted incidence. Using the DALY approach, priority rankings can be made within each of the chemical classes, or across all three classes together. HEIDI II incorporates several switches that allow the user to investigate alternate scenarios based on stack height, average daily sunlight hours (for calculating photodegradation), and the possibility of emissions below regulatory reporting thresholds.
PubMed ID
18080898 View in PubMed
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[RISK OF THE EXPOSURE OF PESTICIDES TO WORKERS AND ENVIRONMENT DURING THE AERIAL TREATMENTS].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275142
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016;95(4):375-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
2016
Author
O V Artemova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2016;95(4):375-80
Date
2016
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Aviation - methods - standards
Crop Protection - methods - standards
Humans
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Occupational Health - standards - statistics & numerical data
Pesticides - adverse effects - classification
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Russia
Abstract
Performed hygienic studies of conditions of the usage of various pesticides by an aerial method allowed to establish the admissible risk for the workers and the minimum risk for population upon compliance with both safety requirements and technological and hygienic regulations.
PubMed ID
27430071 View in PubMed
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