Using data from seven studies from Canada, Australia and the United States we were able to evaluate the heterogeneity of health status for 34,095 people aged 60 years and older. We found that relative heterogeneity (measured by the coefficient of variation) decreased with age. The coefficient of variation also decreased as a function of deficit accumulation (i.e. was lower when people demonstrated more deficits) displaying a power-law relationship. The exponent was close to 0.5, and therefore belongs to the dynamic universality class, which is typical for complex dynamical networks. We interpret this as showing that decline in relative heterogeneity is a robust finding, and represents, at the group level, increased vulnerability amongst elderly people.
The desire for a youthful look remains a powerful motivator in the purchase of cosmetics by women globally. To develop an anti-ageing solution that targets the need of end consumers, it is critical to understand which signs of ageing really matter to them and which influence their age perception. To date, such research has not been performed in a Russian population. The aim of this work was to identify the signs of ageing that contribute the most to an 'older' or 'younger' look for Russian women aged 40 years old and above.
The age of 203 Russian female volunteers was estimated from their standard photographs by a total of 629 female naïve assessors aged 20-65 years old. Perceived age data were related to 23 facial skin features previously measured using linear correlation coefficients. Differences in average severity of the correlating skin ageing features were evaluated between women perceived older and women perceived younger than their chronological age. Volunteers' responses to a ranking question on their key ageing skin concerns previously collected were analysed to provide an additional view on facial ageing from the consumer perspective.
Nine facial skin ageing features were found to correlate the most with perceived age out of the 23 measured. Such results showed the importance of wrinkles in the upper part of the face (crow's feet, glabellar, under eye and forehead wrinkles), but also wrinkles in the lower half of the face associated with facial sagging (upper lip, nasolabial fold). Sagging was confirmed of key importance to female volunteers aged 41-65 years old who were mostly concerned by the sagging of their jawline, ahead of under eye and crow's feet wrinkle. The severity of hyperpigmented spots, red and brown, was also found to contribute to perceived age although to a weaker extent.
By providing a clear view on the signs of ageing really matter to Russian women who are aged 40 years old and above, this research offers key information for the development of relevant anti-ageing solutions specifically targeting their needs and their desire to achieve younger-looking skin.
The objectives were to examine attitudes toward societal relations of the elderly in two age-stratified random samples, aged thirty to sixty-five, and seventy to seventy-five (both groups expressed attitudes toward the latter group), and to explore which of various correlates were associated with the attitudes. Six attitudinal dimensions were analyzed by means of group comparisons and linear regression. The younger group appeared positive toward interactive behavior, the elderly in turn being positive toward previous roles though reluctant to engagement in new activities. Some significant correlates were distinguished, although in a diversified manner over groups and dimensions: Positive attitudes among the younger were associated with low age, high education, and being female. No such clear pattern was found among the elderly, where instead work commitment and contacts with peers were particularly indicative of positive attitudes toward social activities.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a disease of the motor neuron with poorly understood etiology. Recent studies have suggested that the incidence rate of ALS and the rate of death from ALS are increasing, but it is unclear whether this is due to changing exposures or improvements in diagnosis. We used age-period-cohort models to investigate trends in ALS incidence (hospitalization) from 1982 to 2009 and ALS mortality from 1970 to 2009 in Denmark. Among those 45 years of age or older, 4,265 deaths (incidence rate = 5.35 per 100,000 person-years) and 3,228 incident diagnoses (incidence rate = 5.55 per 100,000 person-years) were recorded. Age-adjusted mortality rates increased by an average of 3.0% annually between 1970 and 2009 and by an average of 2.1% annually after 1982. Age-period-cohort analyses suggested that the full age-period-cohort model provided the best fit to the mortality data (P
Measuring social participation of older adults is an important issue, since this concept includes not only daily activities (e.g.: feeding, personal care, mobility) but also social roles (e.g.: interpersonal relationships, leisure). The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not increased age is associated with a decrease in social participation. The study also explored relationships between social participation and some personal and environmental characteristics.
The Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H) was used to document social participation in 189 community-dwelling people aged 55 and over. The LIFE-H (short version 3.1) is composed of 77 daily activities and social roles associated with the 12 categories of the Disability Creation Process model.
Social participation significantly decreases with advancing age (p