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Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004 Feb;83(2):124-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2004
Author
Charlotte Wilken-Jensen
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004 Feb;83(2):124-5
Date
Feb-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Africa - ethnology
Bias (epidemiology)
Circumcision, Female
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Sweden - epidemiology
PubMed ID
14756726 View in PubMed
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How to deal with female circumcision as a health issue in the Nordic countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature71300
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003 Aug;82(8):683-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2003
Author
Birgitta Essén
Charlotte Wilken-Jensen
Author Affiliation
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lund University, University Hospital MAS, Malmö, Sweden. birgitta.essen@obst.mas.lu.se
Source
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003 Aug;82(8):683-6
Date
Aug-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Africa - ethnology
Circumcision, Female - adverse effects
Female
Humans
Scandinavia
Women's health
PubMed ID
12848638 View in PubMed
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Migration and atopic disorder in Swedish conscripts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15628
Source
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1999 Aug;10(3):209-15
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1999
Author
A. Hjern
F. Rasmussen
M. Johansson
N. Aberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Sciences, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, and Center for Epidemiology, Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm. anders.hjern@sos.se
Source
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 1999 Aug;10(3):209-15
Date
Aug-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Africa - ethnology
Asia - ethnology
Europe - ethnology
Female
Humans
Hypersensitivity, Immediate - epidemiology - ethnology
Latin America - ethnology
Male
Military Personnel
Prevalence
Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial - epidemiology - ethnology
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal - epidemiology - ethnology
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
We have studied asthma and allergic rhinitis prevalence in Swedish conscripts born 1973-1977 according to the military service conscription register in relation to the socio-economic status and country of birth of the conscripts and their parents, and age when granted residency in Sweden. There was an increase in prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis over time in all groups irrespective of country of birth or ethnic origin. Conscripts who themselves were born in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Mediterranean had a significantly lower risk for asthma and allergic rhinitis than Swedish-born conscripts. The risk of atopic disorder among the foreign-born conscripts increased with time of residency in Sweden. Conscripts with mothers from Latin America, Asia and Africa were identified as having the highest risk for atopic disorder among Swedish-born conscripts with high socio-economic status; the adjusted risk ratio (RR) for asthma was 2.6 (95% CI 1.7-4.0) and that for allergic rhinitis was 2.0 (1.5-2.6). The conscripts with mothers from the Mediterranean had the lowest risk for atopic disorders of the Swedish-born conscripts with low socio-economic status; the RR for asthma was 0.43 (0.34-0.56) and that for allergic rhinitis was 0.84 (0.76-0.93). This study demonstrates that factors related to migration and ethnicity are important determinants of atopic disorder among Swedish conscripts.
PubMed ID
10565562 View in PubMed
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Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in a Stockholm ophthalmic centre--epidemiological, functional, and immunologic investigations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15630
Source
Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1999 Oct;77(5):559-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1999
Author
P G Montan
K. Ekström
G. Hedlin
M. van Hage-Hamsten
A. Hjern
B. Herrmann
Author Affiliation
Department of Ophthalmology, St Eriks Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. per.montan@ophste.hs.sll.se
Source
Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1999 Oct;77(5):559-63
Date
Oct-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Africa - ethnology
Asia - ethnology
Asthma - complications - physiopathology
Biological Markers - analysis
Bronchial Hyperreactivity - chemically induced
Bronchoconstrictor Agents - diagnostic use
Child
Child, Preschool
Chlamydia - immunology
Ethnic Groups - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Hypersensitivity - complications - physiopathology
Keratoconjunctivitis - epidemiology - ethnology - immunology - physiopathology
Male
Methacholine Chloride - diagnostic use
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Seasons
Sweden - epidemiology - ethnology
Abstract
PURPOSE: To classify a cohort of 62 patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) in immunologic, functional, and epidemiological terms. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to establish the patients' ethnic origin and to ascertain the results of standard in vitro and in vivo testing for atopic allergy. The latter data were compared with tear Phadiatop, an allergy screening test, in 31 subjects. Further subgroup analyses included methacholine bronchial provocations, serum screening for chlamydial antibodies and epidemiological calculations of the observed prevalence of VKC in the Stockholm area in 1994. RESULTS: Thirty-seven subjects (59.7%) were sensitised to common allergens. No additional allergic subjects were diagnosed with the tear Phadiatop test. The serology for ocular chlamydial disease was negative. Only 6 out of 17 subjects displayed bronchial reactivity to methacholine of whom 4 had a history of asthma. VKC was clearly more common in individuals with an Asian and African origin. CONCLUSIONS: Sensitivity to allergens is a strong determinant for the disease but in a large proportion of the subjects this immunologic abnormality is absent. The varying prevalence of the condition in different ethnic groups indicates a genetic predisposing factor.
PubMed ID
10551301 View in PubMed
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