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43 records – page 1 of 5.

Acute myeloid leukemia and background radiation in an expanded case-referent study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature25084
Source
Arch Environ Health. 1990 Nov-Dec;45(6):364-6
Publication Type
Article
Author
U. Flodin
M. Fredriksson
B. Persson
O. Axelson
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden.
Source
Arch Environ Health. 1990 Nov-Dec;45(6):364-6
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adult
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Environmental Exposure
Gamma Rays - adverse effects
Humans
Leukemia, Myeloid - epidemiology - etiology
Leukemia, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Middle Aged
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
A case-referent study that investigated possible associations between environmental and occupational exposures and acute myeloid leukemia was performed on 86 cases and 172 referents, all of whom were living. Exposure information was obtained through a questionnaire mailed to each subject. An association was found between time spent in concrete buildings at home and work and leukemia morbidity. In addition, extensive x-ray examinations that occurred more than 5 y prior to diagnosis were more common among cases than referents.
PubMed ID
2270956 View in PubMed
Less detail

An epidemiological study concerning herbicides.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature28240
Source
Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. 1973;24(4):375-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
1973

An epidemiologic study of bronchial asthma and smoking.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15904
Source
Epidemiology. 1995 Sep;6(5):503-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1995
Author
U. Flodin
P. Jönsson
J. Ziegler
O. Axelson
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
Source
Epidemiology. 1995 Sep;6(5):503-5
Date
Sep-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Asthma - epidemiology - etiology
Case-Control Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Questionnaires
Regression Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Smoking - adverse effects - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Tobacco Smoke Pollution - adverse effects
Abstract
The role of smoking and air pollution in bronchial asthma in otherwise healthy adults is still unclear. We compared 79 cases of asthma, diagnosed between ages 20 and 65 years, with 304 randomly drawn population controls of similar age from the same catchment area as the cases. The comparison involved questionnaire information on smoking habits, occupational exposures, dwelling conditions, various suspect allergenic exposures, and atopy. Those who had smoked for 3 years or more, present or past, were at increased risk for bronchial asthma (odds ratio = 1.9; 95% confidence interval = 1.1-3.3). Adjustment by multiple logistic regression for age and gender as well as atopy and air pollution at work did not change the relative risk estimate. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, or passive smoking, at work involved a slightly greater risk.
PubMed ID
8562626 View in PubMed
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Arsenic exposure and mortality: a case-referent study from a Swedish copper smelter.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature27598
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1978 Feb;35(1):8-15
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1978
Author
O. Axelson
E. Dahlgren
C D Jansson
S O Rehnlund
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1978 Feb;35(1):8-15
Date
Feb-1978
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Arsenic - adverse effects
Cardiovascular Diseases - mortality
Cerebrovascular Disorders - mortality
Environmental Exposure
Humans
Liver Cirrhosis - mortality
Lung Neoplasms - mortality
Male
Metallurgy
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - chemically induced - mortality
Sweden
Abstract
An increased mortality from lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, haematolymphatic malignancy and cirrhosis of the liver has been reported among smelter workers and others exposed to arsenic. This study uses the case-referent (case-control) technique and is concerned with workers in a copper smelter in a complex work environment, characterised by the presence of trivalent arsenic in combination with sulphur dioxide and copper, and also with other agents. Lung cancer mortality was found to be increased about five-fold and cardiovascular disease about two-fold, showing a dose-response relationship to arsenic exposure. Mortality from malignant blood disease (leukaemia and myeloma) and cirrhosis of the liver was also slightly increased. This mortality pattern among the smelter workers is consistent with earlier reports. An increased mortality from cardiovascular disease in this type of industry is of particular interest as it has been reported only once before.
PubMed ID
629894 View in PubMed
Less detail

Background radiation, electrical work, and some other exposures associated with acute myeloid leukemia in a case-referent study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature26398
Source
Arch Environ Health. 1986 Mar-Apr;41(2):77-84
Publication Type
Article
Author
U. Flodin
M. Fredriksson
B. Persson
L. Hardell
O. Axelson
Source
Arch Environ Health. 1986 Mar-Apr;41(2):77-84
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Background Radiation - adverse effects
Catchment Area (Health)
Construction Materials
Electricity
Environmental Exposure
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Gamma Rays
Humans
Leukemia, Myeloid - epidemiology - etiology
Leukemia, Radiation-Induced - epidemiology - etiology
Male
Middle Aged
Occupations
Questionnaires
Radiation, Ionizing - adverse effects
Radiography - adverse effects
Registries
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk
Solvents - poisoning
Sweden
Abstract
The effect of potential risk factors for acute myeloid leukemia was evaluated in a case-referent study encompassing 59 cases and 354 referents, all of whom were alive. Information on exposure was obtained through a questionnaire mailed to the subjects. The possible effect of background radiation was evaluated by means of a gamma radiation index, which accounted for the differences between cases and referents in this respect, i.e., in time spent in concrete buildings both at home and at work places. In the 20-54 yr old age group, there was an association between leukemia morbidity and index of background radiation. X-ray treatment and electrical work were also associated with increased rate ratios. With regard to solvents, only styrene appeared as a risk factor, but the number of exposed subjects was small. Other exposures were less clearly associated with increased risks.
PubMed ID
3459400 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1982 May;39(2):196-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1982
Author
B. Järvholm
G. Thiringer
O. Axelson
Source
Br J Ind Med. 1982 May;39(2):196-7
Date
May-1982
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Engineering
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - etiology - mortality
Occupational Diseases - etiology - mortality
Oils - adverse effects
Steel
Stomach Neoplasms - etiology - mortality
Sweden
Abstract
The mortality pattern among 86 men was determined to investigate the possible hazards of polishing steel. The men had polished steel with polishing paste for at least five years. The polishing pastes had contained tallow, beeswax, carnauba wax, alundum, carborundum, ferric oxide, and chalk. A total of 18 men had died compared with 13.3 expected. Four had died of stomach cancer compared with 0.44 expected (p less than 0.005). The mortality for other causes of death was not increased. The study does not permit any definite conclusion but indicates a possible cancer hazard among polishers.
PubMed ID
7066237 View in PubMed
Less detail

Cancer morbidity in workers at aluminum foundries and secondary aluminum smelters.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature21916
Source
Am J Ind Med. 1997 Nov;32(5):467-77
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1997
Author
A I Seldén
H B Westberg
O. Axelson
Author Affiliation
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Orebro Medical Centre Hospital, Sweden. anders.selden@orebroll.se
Source
Am J Ind Med. 1997 Nov;32(5):467-77
Date
Nov-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects
Aluminum - adverse effects
Bladder Neoplasms - epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Incidence
Intestinal Neoplasms - epidemiology
Liver Neoplasms - epidemiology
Lung Neoplasms - epidemiology
Male
Metallurgy
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - epidemiology
Norway - ethnology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Occupations
Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms - epidemiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Time Factors
Abstract
In a Swedish cohort of workers (n = 6,454) from seven aluminum foundries and three secondary aluminum (scrap) smelters there was no overall excess risk of cancer among male or female workers less than 85 years of age (males: 325 observed cases, standardized incidence ratio (SIR) 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91-1.13; females: 22 cases, SIR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.60-1.44). In male workers, however, significantly elevated risk estimates were observed for cancer of the lung (51 cases; SIR = 1.49, 95% CI = 1.11-1.96), anorectal cancer (33 cases; SIR 2.13, 95% CI = 1.47-2.99), and sinonasal cancer (4 cases; SIR = 4.70, 95% CI = 1.28-12.01). There was no increase of urinary bladder or liver cancer. Lung cancer risks were highest in workers with a short duration of employment (
PubMed ID
9327070 View in PubMed
Less detail

A case-control study of fatty liver disease and organic solvent exposure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10742
Source
Am J Ind Med. 1999 Feb;35(2):132-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1999
Author
G. Lundqvist
U. Flodin
O. Axelson
Author Affiliation
Department of Health and Environment, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden.
Source
Am J Ind Med. 1999 Feb;35(2):132-6
Date
Feb-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking - adverse effects
Case-Control Studies
Comparative Study
Confidence Intervals
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Disease
Drug Interactions
Ethanol - adverse effects
Fatty Liver - chemically induced
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity - complications
Occupational Diseases - chemically induced
Occupational Exposure
Odds Ratio
Organic Chemicals - adverse effects
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Solvents - adverse effects
Time Factors
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience of cases of fatty liver disease (FLD) with exposure to organic solvents suggested a possible risk. METHODS: Thirty male cases of FLD, ages 20-59 years, with biopsy records at departments of pathology in southeast Sweden were compared to 120 male controls randomly drawn from the study area population. Questionnaire information was obtained about job titles and specific occupational exposures; exposure level categories were then assessed blindly for both cases and controls. Medical records for cases were scrutinized to elucidate possible confounding and/or interacting effects from alcohol, the use of drugs, and other diseases. RESULTS: Moderately intense and mixed solvent exposure for more than 1 year within the last 15 years prior to diagnosis resulted in an age-adjusted Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio of 4.3 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.2-15); for intense exposure, the odds ratio was 7.7 (95% CI 1.7-48). Confounding from alcohol, use of drugs, other diseases, and overweight could be ruled out with reasonable confidence. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that occupational exposure to organic solvents may play a role in the development of FLD, as indicated earlier in case reports and in one small case-control study.
Notes
Erratum In: Am J Ind Med 1999 Apr;35(4):436
PubMed ID
9894536 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Case- control study of malignant mesenchymal soft tissue tumors and exposure to chemical substances]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature27382
Source
Lakartidningen. 1979 Oct 31;76(44):3872-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-31-1979

43 records – page 1 of 5.