The object of this investigation was registration of all requests for access to case records in 1987 in all departments for child and adolescent psychiatry in Denmark. A total of 34 requests were made concerning child psychiatric departments and 55 concerning departments for adolescent psychiatry. This corresponds to requests for access to case records in 0.8% of all patients admitted to departments of child psychiatry, and also 0.8% of the outpatients. In the departments for adolescent psychiatry, access to the case records was desired concerning 16.5% of the hospitalized adolescents. No complaints have been made concerning access to the case records and it is concluded that the new Danish law functions satisfactorily also where parents were concerned, where the possibility of providing limited insight for adolescents or parents may be of value. The significance of introduction of a period of limitation for access to case records in departments for child and adolescent psychiatry is emphasized.
This article describes the current Acute Project within Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Nordland County, Norway. One of the aims of the project is to gather information about referrals defined as acute. The numbers of acute referrals for the whole county from 1990 are presented, together with more detailed information from the Salten district. The following variables regarding acute referrals are given attention: gender, age, problem description, diagnosis, and cooperation and consultation with other professional agencies. During clinical work in 1990, the opinions of clients and co-workers were gathered concerning which aspects of working with children and their families in crisis they considered as important. These covered both direct client work and work with larger systems. A summary of these considerations is presented.
The development of structured diagnostic instruments has been an important step for research in child and adolescent psychiatry, but the adequacy of a diagnostic instrument in a given culture does not guarantee its reliability or validity in another population. The objective of the study was to describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation into Icelandic of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (Kiddie-SADS-PL) and to test the inter-rater reliability of the adapted version. To attain cross-cultural equivalency, five important dimensions were addressed: semantic, technical, content, criterion and conceptual. The adapted Icelandic version was introduced into an inpatient clinical setting, and inter-rater reliability was estimated both at the symptom and diagnoses level, for the most frequent diagnostic categories in both international diagnostic classification systems (DSM-IV and ICD-10). The cross-cultural adaptation has provided an Icelandic version allowing similar understanding among different raters and has achieved acceptable cross-cultural equivalence. This initial study confirmed the quality of the translation and adaptation of Kiddie-SADS-PL and constitutes the first step of a larger validation study of the Icelandic version of the instrument.
In Swedish child and adolescent psychiatry there is a more than 60-year long tradition of using longitudinal methods in research on juvenile delinquency. Since the 1940's, results have been presented using either prospective or retrospective longitudinal designs for this purpose. Starting from genetics as scientific paradigm, new approaches including neuropsychiatry and social psychiatry showed the need for a multidisciplinary view at the border between medicine and behavioral sciences. Both Swedish and international research in the area has clearly demonstrated that factors relating to gender, maturation, resilience vs. vulnerability, the mental health of the parents, the social network and the organization of the school are of importance when trying to understand, prevent and treat juvenile delinquents. The challenge presented to today's and future researchers is to understand how the complexity of the modern western society will impact already established knowledge.