Due to unfavorable trends in the health state of contemporary children and teenagers, the total number of young males and females, who have health-related limitations in educational and occupational spheres, went up to 80%. A medical professional consultation belongs to a system of measures, whose purpose is to assist the young males and females with impaired health to choose professions or occupations, which would maintain their health intact and promote successfully their adaptation to professional training conditions and subsequently to actual occupational conditions. A timely and high-skilled implementation of medical professional consultations with a subsequent rational employment of teenagers and youth with impaired health should be regarded as a secondary prevention of pathologies. The holding of such medical professional consultations for teenagers is reasonable both at the stage, when a teenager makes his or her choice of a job (i.e. at school), and at the stage of receiving a professional education, so that the schoolchildren and students could get a job in line with their health status and that they could be employed with respect to doctor's recommendations. The Research Institute for Children's Health elaborated a number of methodological and regulating documents to promote the efficiency of the medical professional consultations; an automated assessment system is in the process of construction at the above institution.
Approaches to prenatal care in teenage girls and young women who have the greatest risk of complicated pregnancy are reviewed. Follow-up of young Ukrainian women indicated that the majority get married between the ages of 20-24 years old, 95% of women get pregnant within the first 5 years (64% have 1 pregnancy, 18.5% have 2 pregnancies, and 12.5% have 3 pregnancies). During 1 year of marriage, a woman has 1.4 abortions, and 32% have repeated abortions. The incidence of labor complications in young (17-19 years old) primiparous women who had a history of induced abortion is 2.8 times greater than that in controls. Duration of labor is increased to 14 hours, compared with 11 hours in controls. Induced abortion accounts for 20-50% of maternal mortality. Delayed prenatal care was observed in 71.9% of 15-17 years old pregnant women, 55.8% of 18 years old pregnant women, and in 37.9% of 19-20 years old pregnant women. The incidence of premature babies in these age groups was 95.2% 52%, and 47.8%, respectively. An overall maternal mortality ranges from 3.5 to 8.3/10,000 deliveries, compared with 16 in women younger than 20 years old.