Purinergic signaling plays an important role in inflammation and vascular integrity, but little is known about purinergic mechanisms during the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in humans.
The objective of this study is to study markers of purinergic signaling in a cohort of patients with peripheral artery disease.
Plasma ATP and ADP levels and serum nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase1/CD39) and ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 activities were measured in 226 patients with stable peripheral artery disease admitted for nonurgent invasive imaging and treatment. The major findings were that ATP, ADP, and CD73 values were higher in atherosclerotic patients than in controls without clinically evident peripheral artery disease (P
The physiological effect of chronic exposure to altitude hypoxia on the glycolytic intermediates, adenosine triphosphate and 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid, and the hematologic parameters, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and mean cell hemoglobin concentration, has been examined in an indigenous population, the Aymara, of the Departamento de Arica, Chile. This population normally resides at three altitudes: the coast (0-500 m), the sierra (2,500-3,500 m), and the altiplano (above 4,200 m). After isolation of altitude from other environmental factors (age, sex, body build, ethnicity, smoking, and residential permanence), an increase in 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and a decrease in adenosine triphosphate was observed. Both hemoglobin and hematocrit increased as expected, but mean cell hemoglobin concentration declined. It is proposed that a decline in the activity of a single enzyme, pyruvate kinase, can account for these observed changes and suggests a pivotal role for pyruvate kinase in the physiological adaptation to altitude hypoxia.
Influence of the conditions of artificial hibernation on the content of ATP, ADP, AMP, cAMF in the blood and liver of rats is studied. It is established, that the entering and stay of animals in the conditions of artificial hibernation is accompanied by a decrease of the content of ADP and P(l). The animal coming out of the condition of artificial hibernation is accompanied by an increase of the content of ATP and cAMP and achievement in twenty-four hours of the level of monitoring values.
The bioluminescent method was used in the studies of the influence of ionizing irradiation and/or xenobiotics on the content of ATP in RBC and neutrophils of rats, and in whole blood and neutrophils of 80 examined women of Altai Region exposed to ionizing radiation during a series of nuclear tests in Semipalatinsk in 1949-1965. Deviations from the normal ATP content were measured with due to account of the natural variability of a given metabolite. For rats, deviations from the content of ATP in erythrocytes were short-term, those in neutrophils were long-term. For people, a statistically significant increase in the content of ATP in neutrophils as compared to the control was observed. A non-linear correlation between the content of ATP in neutrophils and the calculated dose of radiation was observed. An increase in the ATP content in whole blood, with regard to the control, was not statistically significant for all groups of examined persons.