Adaptive capacities were studied in 6-7-year-ol apparently healthy children in relation to the number of congenital morphogenetic variants (CMVs). The most markedly reduced adaptive capacities were revealed in children with 5 CMVs or more.
Early complex treatment of a critical brain traumas should be aimed not only at men's life and personality saving, but also at their performance' rehabilitation. Complicity and to some degree individual nature of a critical trauma pathogenesis depend on the associative active methods of surgery interference and conservative pharmacotherapy. The article deals with well-practiced means and methods of symptomatic pharmacotherapy at the early and later stages of the brain traumas with vestibular and hearing system injures and with theoretical and clinical base for modern "quick-action adaptogens" usage in addition to psychoneurocorrectors.
The unfavorable factors of professional work of workers of locomotive brigades influence on speed of aging and adaptation possibilities of an organism. Analysis of the data obtained confirms the positive use of the peptide bioregulator Pinealon in maintenance the professional reliability of workers of locomotive brigades. Workers of locomotive brigades used preparation during two weeks (1 capsule containing 100 mkg of Pinealon 2 times a day). Pinealon application has improved parameters of biological age and indicators determining the effectiveness of adaptive reactions.
Myocardial contractile function was investigated in 84 patients with coronary diseases CD of I-IV functional classes (according to NYHA) and 17 persons with normal coronary arteries using new noninvasive method of construction LV end-systolic pressure-volume relation (ESPVR). Significant decrease of end-systolic elastance, ejection fraction, circumferential fibers shortening velocity and increase of end-systolic and end-diastolic ventricular volume was increased with patient's class number. These data correlated with the increase of total amount of lesion of coronary vessels and extension of asynergic zones. But this contractile function disturbances were not accompanied by significant changes of cardiac output and arterial pressure. When blocking beta-adrenergic receptors with anaprillin it was established that at early stages of CD the compensation of contractile function disturbances is reached via the increasing of heart adrenergic stimulation, and in the patients of III-IV classes the Frank-Starling's law becomes of great significance homo- and heterometric mechanisms efficiency reduces with CD development. These data show that ESPVR reconstruction before and after the blocking of beta-adrenergic receptors allows systolic LV function and efficiency of its regulation to be estimated.
The present study concerns the possible adaptive response, induced in vivo by a continuous exposure to ionizing radiations, to a challenge treatment with the radiomimetic glycopeptide bleomycin (BLM). Lymphocytes from children contaminated as a consequence of Chernobyl accident were treated for the last 5 h of culture with 2.5 micrograms/ml BLM. The induced chromosome damage was significantly lower than that found with the same treatment in lymphocytes from control children. This hyposensitivity to BLM was still present if, 1 h after the addition of the drug, inhibitors of the enzymes involved in DNA repair, such as 3-aminobenzamide (2 mM), or aphidicolin (0.4 microM) or 3-dideoxythymidine (5 mM) were added to the cultures. The resistance to BLM in lymphocytes from contaminated children seems to be related to a mechanism upstream in respect to the activities of enzymes involved in the DNA repair and specifically linked to the action of this drug. This is consistent with the different response found when the cells were challenged with ionizing radiation in vitro, as reported in the accompanying paper (L. Padovani, L. et al. (1995) Mutation Res., this issue).
The extremophyte Eutrema salsugineum (Yukon ecotype) has adapted to an environment low in available phosphate through metabolic and root-associated traits that enables it to efficiently retrieve, use, and recycle phosphorus. Efficient phosphate (Pi) use by plants would increase crop productivity under Pi-limiting conditions and reduce our reliance on Pi applied as fertilizer. An ecotype of Eutrema salsugineum originating from the Yukon, Canada, shows no evidence of decreased relative growth rate or biomass under low Pi conditions and, as such, offers a promising model for identifying mechanisms to improve Pi use by crops. We evaluated traits associated with efficient Pi use by Eutrema (Yukon ecotype) seedlings and 4-week-old plants, including acquisition, remobilization, and the operation of metabolic bypasses. Relative to Arabidopsis, Eutrema was slower to remobilize phosphorus (P) from senescing leaves, primary and lateral roots showed a lower capacity for rhizosphere acidification, and root acid phosphatase activity was more broadly distributed and not Pi responsive. Both species produced long root hairs on low Pi media, whereas Arabidopsis root hairs were well endowed with phosphatase activity. This capacity was largely absent in Eutrema. In contrast to Arabidopsis, maximal in vitro rates of pyrophosphate-dependent phosphofructokinase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activities were not responsive to low Pi conditions suggesting that Eutrema has a constitutive and likely preferential capacity to use glycolytic bypass enzymes. Rhizosphere acidification, exudation of acid phosphatases, and rapid remobilization of leaf P are unlikely strategies used by Eutrema for coping with low Pi. Rather, equipping an entire root system for Pi acquisition and utilizing a metabolic strategy suited to deficient Pi conditions offer better explanations for how Eutrema has adapted to thrive on alkaline, highly saline soil that is naturally low in available Pi.
The effect of continuous single and combined influence of exogenous stress factors (ethanol and low intensity gamma-radiation) on cytochrome P450 2E1 (18.104.22.168) expression in mice liver was studied. The chronic ethanol intake induced Cyp2E1 protein expression but not increased Cyp2e1 mRNA level. The first week of continuous combined influence of ethanol and gamma-irradiation was characterized by the increase of Cyp2E1 protein level, that was back to normal on second week. A small decrease of this index was observed at the end of the fifth week. The changes of Cyp2E1 protein amount accompanied the decrease of Cyp2e1 mRNA level.
1. Adult male rats were treated with propranolol (2.0 mg kg-1 day-1 i.p.), pindolol (0.2 mg kg-1 day-1 i.p.) or 0.9% NaCl day-1 i.p. and exposed to +4 degrees C for 42 days, or treated with 0.9% NaCl day-1 i.p. and kept at +23 degrees C for 42 days. They were weighed once a week, when a 24 h urine sample was also collected and colon temperature measured. 2. Urinary noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Ad) and dopamine were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography with an electrochemical detector. After the acclimatization period the interscapular brown adipose tissue was excised and weighed and the activity of the oxidative enzymes succinate dehydrogenase and cytochrome oxidase measured. 3. The pindolol-treated and propranolol-treated rats gained weight during the cold-acclimatization period. The amount of interscapular brown adipose tissue increased in the cold, but the increase was lowest in the pindolol-treated group. No changes were seen in the other brown adipose tissue parameters in cold-exposed animals. The excretion of catecholamines followed the same pattern in all three cold-exposed groups, with an initial rise in noradrenaline and adrenaline excretion and a slight rise in dopamine excretion. 4. The results suggest possible connections between beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, weight gain and cold acclimatization. Pindolol had a slight inhibitory effect on cold-induced brown adipose tissue hypertrophy in rats.