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AIDS and Danish adolescents--knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour relevant to the prevention of HIV-infection.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8370
Source
Dan Med Bull. 1990 Jun;37(3):275-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1990
Author
A. Krasnik
M. Wangel
Author Affiliation
Institut for Social Medicin, Panum Institutet, Københavns Universitet.
Source
Dan Med Bull. 1990 Jun;37(3):275-9
Date
Jun-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - etiology - prevention & control - psychology
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Contraceptive Devices, Male - utilization
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Health Education - organization & administration
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
School Health Services - organization & administration
Sexual Behavior
Abstract
To evaluate the effect of previous AIDS education on AIDS knowledge and sex behaviour among Danish adolescents, a survey was carried out in April-May 1988 amongst 15-16 year-old school children of 9th grade elementary school. Through a cluster-sampling procedure, 45 school classes in nine geographical areas around the country were selected representing various degrees of urbanisation. A questionnaire was handed out and collected by the local school physician during a class session. The 728 pupils responding corresponded to a response rate of 89% of the pupils enlisted and 99% of the pupils present. The results demonstrate that AIDS education has been widely introduced in Danish schools and is well accepted. However, school health services have only rarely been involved. The educational activities seem to have a positive effect on knowledge about HIV-transmission and AIDS, attitudes towards the use of condoms and actual sexual behaviour, although risk-behaviour is still prevalent. The respondents express positive attitudes towards more AIDS education--especially among those with very little or no previous educational experiences.
PubMed ID
2357908 View in PubMed
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Canadian Aboriginal people's experiences with HIV/AIDS as portrayed in selected English language Aboriginal media (1996-2000).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175886
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2005 May;60(10):2169-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2005
Author
Juanne N Clarke
Daniela B Friedman
Laurie Hoffman-Goetz
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology; Anthropology, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Avenue, Waterloo, Ont., Canada N2L 3C5. jclarke@wlu.ca
Source
Soc Sci Med. 2005 May;60(10):2169-80
Date
May-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - etiology - prevention & control
Attitude to Health - ethnology
Bibliometrics
Canada
Female
HIV Infections - ethnology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Indians, North American
Male
Newspapers
Public Opinion
Sexual Behavior - ethnology
Spirituality
Stereotyping
Abstract
This paper describes the portrayal of HIV/AIDS in 14 mass print newspapers directed towards the Canadian Aboriginal population and published between 1996 and 2000. Based on qualitative content analysis the research examines both manifest and latent meanings. Manifest results of this study indicate that women and youth are under represented as persons with HIV/AIDS. The latent results note the frequent references to Aboriginal culture, and the political and economic position of Aboriginal Canadians when discussing the disease, the person with the disease, the fear of the disease and the reaction of the community to the person with the disease. Unlike mainstream media where the medical frame is dominant, HIV/AIDS are here contextualized by culture, identity, spirituality and political-economic issues.
PubMed ID
15748666 View in PubMed
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[Controlled, clinical trial of isoprinosine administration to HIV-infected patients. Results of a Danish/Swedish multicenter study. The Scandinavian Isoprinosine Study Group]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature7981
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1994 May 30;156(22):3314-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-30-1994
Author
S. Thorsen
C. Pedersen
E. Sandström
C S Petersen
G. Norkrans
J. Gerstoft
A. Karlsson
K C Christensen
C. Håkansson
P O Pehrson
Author Affiliation
Infektionsmedicinsk afdeling, Hvidovre Hospital, København.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1994 May 30;156(22):3314-8
Date
May-30-1994
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - etiology - prevention & control
Denmark
Double-Blind Method
English Abstract
HIV Infections - drug therapy
Humans
Inosine Pranobex - administration & dosage
Sweden
Abstract
The safety and efficacy of isoprinosine in HIV-infected individuals were assessed in a multicentre, randomized, double-blind, 24-week study phase, followed by an optional 24-week open treatment phase. The results of the double-blind phase have been reported separately. Of 866 HIV-seropositive individuals randomized, 832 were eligible for efficacy analysis. On completion of the double-blind phase, 596 patients started open treatment. All patients were evaluated with regard to progression to AIDS. Within 48 weeks, 10/412 patients (2.4%) assigned isoprinosine and 27/420 (6.4%) assigned placebo progressed to AIDS (p = 0.005; odds ratio: 2.8, 95% CI: 1.3-6.2). Intention-to-treat analysis showed identical results. No severe adverse reactions or toxicities were observed. We conclude that HIV-infected individuals without AIDS may be safely and effectively treated with isoprinosine.
PubMed ID
7520643 View in PubMed
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Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices related to AIDS among Montreal residents of Haitian origin.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature229516
Source
Can J Public Health. 1990 Mar-Apr;81(2):129-34
Publication Type
Article
Author
A. Adrien
J F Boivin
Y. Tousignant
C. Hankins
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health, Montreal General Hospital, Canada.
Source
Can J Public Health. 1990 Mar-Apr;81(2):129-34
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - etiology - prevention & control - transmission
Adolescent
Adult
Contraceptive Devices, Male - utilization
Female
Haiti - ethnology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Male
Quebec
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Sexual Partners
Abstract
We used interviews of 268 subjects to ascertain knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices related to AIDS among Montrealers of Haitian origin, from November 1987 through October 1988. The questions on knowledge included items on general knowledge about the disease (prevention of AIDS, treatment, nature and manifestations of the disease, screening and high-risk groups), and more specific questions about modes of HIV-1 transmission. The average correct answers to questions on general knowledge about AIDS was 81%. The questions on HIV-1 transmission concerned both modes of infection that are scientifically established, and other modes that are not scientifically recognized. The average correct answers to questions on scientifically recognized modes of infection was 94% and the average correct answers for modes of transmission that are not scientifically accepted was 74%. The attitudes and beliefs of Montrealers of Haitian origin toward persons with AIDS was only moderately favourable. Attitudes and beliefs toward condom promotion were very positive. The percentage of subjects reporting male homosexuality or injection drug use was extremely small. 23% of subjects who had experienced sexual intercourse reported that they had two or more partners during the 12 months preceding the survey.
PubMed ID
2331651 View in PubMed
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Physicians' perception of personal risk of HIV infection and AIDS through occupational exposure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature228371
Source
CMAJ. 1990 Sep 15;143(6):493-500
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-15-1990
Author
K M Taylor
J M Eakin
H A Skinner
M. Kelner
M. Shapiro
Author Affiliation
Department of Behavioural Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ont.
Source
CMAJ. 1990 Sep 15;143(6):493-500
Date
Sep-15-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - etiology - prevention & control
Adult
Chicago
Female
HIV Infections - etiology - prevention & control
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - etiology - prevention & control
Occupational Exposure
Ohio
Ontario
Physicians
Professional Practice
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Social Environment
Abstract
Physicians' response to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is poorly understood and often attributed to fear of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection through occupational exposure. We surveyed 268 physicians from three geographic regions in North American with different specialties and responsibilities for HIV-positive patients. An important difference was found between the published risk and the physicians' perceived risk of infection after a single occupational exposure. Almost half of the respondents stated that they feared contracting AIDS more than other diseases. The physicians who perceived themselves to be at high physical risk were more likely than the others to report that AIDS had changed the way they interact with their patients (r = 0.26, p less than 0.001). No relation was found between the perception of physical risk and the number of HIV-infected patients (r = -0.07, p = 0.15). However, the perception of social risk showed a small inverse correlation (r = -0.15, p less than 0.02), in which the physicians with more HIV-infected patients reported less concern about negative social consequences. The physicians who perceived themselves to be at high personal risk were more likely than the others to report that surgeons have the right to refuse patients who do not wish to undergo HIV antibody testing (r = -0.16, p less than 0.01 for physical risk; r = -0.29, p less than 0.001 for social risk). Multiple regression analyses indicated that physicians' perception of physical risk was not related to age or sex but was modestly related to income source. The perception of social risk was related to sex and income source. Physicians' perception of personal risk is a crucial, yet often unacknowledged, component of the fight against AIDS. Our findings suggest that lack of attention to this issue is seriously compromising initiatives designed to facilitate physician participation in AIDS care.
Notes
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PubMed ID
2207904 View in PubMed
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[To know or not to know about HIV infection]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8723
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1987 Jun 10;107(16):1476-7, 1461
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-10-1987
Author
B. Tveit
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1987 Jun 10;107(16):1476-7, 1461
Date
Jun-10-1987
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - etiology - prevention & control
English Abstract
Humans
Norway
Physicians
PubMed ID
3603518 View in PubMed
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11 records – page 1 of 2.