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2nd-generation HIV surveillance and injecting drug use: uncovering the epidemiological ice-berg.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature84543
Source
Int J Public Health. 2007;52(3):166-72
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Reintjes Ralf
Wiessing Lucas
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health, Faculty Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany. Ralf.Reintjes@rzbd.haw-hamburg.de
Source
Int J Public Health. 2007;52(3):166-72
Date
2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control - therapy
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Europe - epidemiology
HIV Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control - therapy
Hepatitis C - epidemiology
Humans
Norway - epidemiology
Population Surveillance
Prevalence
Risk factors
Risk-Taking
Substance Abuse, Intravenous - epidemiology
Turkey - epidemiology
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: HIV/AIDS surveillance methods are under revision as the diversity of HIV epidemics is becoming more apparent. The so called "2nd generation surveillance (SGS) systems" aim to enhance surveillance by broadening the range of indicators to prevalence, behaviors and correlates, for a better understanding and a more complete and timely awareness of evolving epidemics. METHODS: Concepts of HIV SGS are reviewed with a special focus on injecting drug users, a major at-risk and hard to reach group in Europe, a region with mainly low or concentrated epidemics. RESULTS: The scope of HIV/AIDS surveillance needs to be broadened following principles of SGS. Specifically for IDUs we propose including hepatitis C data as indicator for injecting risk in routine systems like those monitoring sexually transmitted infections and information on knowledge and attitudes as potential major determinants of risk behavior. CONCLUSIONS: The suggested approach should lead to more complete and timely information for public health interventions, however there is a clear need for comparative validation studies to assess the validity, reliability and cost-effectiveness of traditional and enhanced HIV/AIDS surveillance systems.
PubMed ID
17958283 View in PubMed
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[Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294740
Source
Ter Arkh. 2016; 88(11):4-11
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
V V Pokrovsky
Author Affiliation
Central Research Institute of Epidemiology, Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, Moscow, Russia.
Source
Ter Arkh. 2016; 88(11):4-11
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control - therapy
Adult
HIV Infections
Humans
Prevalence
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
In 2015, the infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV infection) dominated among life-threatening infections in Russians: it was first diagnosed in 98,177 Russians and 15,530 citizens of the Russian Federation died from HIV/AIDS, amounting to 45% of all deaths from infectious diseases in Russia. By the mid-2016, there were a total of 1,062,476 identified HIV-positive Russians, of whom 225,992 people died. The estimated number of HIV-infected patients in Russia approximated to 1% of the population, the highest prevalence of HIV being found in the age group of 30-40 years. The most active and expensive measures against HIV/AIDS in Russia are to examine the population for anti-HIV antibodies (29 million screenings per year) and to use in HIV-positive people antiretroviral therapy that was free of charge to more than 200,000 patients, i.e. nearly 25% of the registered Russians living with the HIV-infected. However, treatment coverage and quality are far from the target indicators that the international experts consider needed to reduce HIV prevalence and mortality. A wider program on HIV/AIDS, which includes a number of preventive measures with proven efficiency, as well as a program of promising researches and developments should be introduced in Russia.
? 2015 ?. ????????, ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? (???) - ???-????????, ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ????????, ?????????? ????? ???????: ??? ??????? ??????????????? ? 98 177 ???????, ? ?? ???/???? ?????? 15 530 ??????? ?????????? ?????????, 45% ???? ???????, ??????? ?? ???????????? ???????????. ? ???????? 2016 ?. ????? ????? ?????????? ???-?????????? ??????? ????????? 1 062 476, ?? ??????? 225 992 ??????. ????????? ????? ??????? ???-????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ? 1% ?????????, ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ? ?????????? ?????? 30-40 ???. ?????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????????? ???/???? ? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ? ??? (?????????? 29 ??? ???????????? ? ???) ? ?????????? ???-?????????? ????? ????????????????? ???????, ??????? ? 2015 ?. ????????? ??????????????? ????? 200 ???. ?????????, ?.?. ???????? 25% ??????????????????, ??????? ? ???, ???????. ?????? ????? ???????? ? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????????, ??????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????, ????? ????????? ??????????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????????. ????????????? ???????? ? ?????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?? ??????????????? ???/????, ?????????? ??? ???????????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????, ? ????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????????.
????????? ? 2015 ?. ????????, ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? (???) — ???-????????, ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ????????, ?????????? ????? ???????: ??? ??????? ??????????????? ? 98 177 ???????, ? ?? ???/???? ?????? 15 530 ??????? ?????????? ?????????, 45% ???? ???????, ??????? ?? ???????????? ???????????. ? ???????? 2016 ?. ????? ????? ?????????? ???-?????????? ??????? ????????? 1 062 476, ?? ??????? 225 992 ??????. ????????? ????? ??????? ???-????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ? 1% ?????????, ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ????????????? ? ?????????? ?????? 30—40 ???. ?????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????????? ???/???? ? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ? ??? (?????????? 29 ??? ???????????? ? ???) ? ?????????? ???-?????????? ????? ????????????????? ???????, ??????? ? 2015 ?. ????????? ??????????????? ????? 200 ???. ?????????, ?.?. ???????? 25% ??????????????????, ??????? ? ???, ???????. ?????? ????? ???????? ? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????????, ??????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????????????, ????? ????????? ??????????????? ??? ? ????????? ??????????. ????????????? ???????? ? ?????? ????? ??????? ????????? ?? ??????????????? ???/????, ?????????? ??? ???????????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????, ? ????? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ??????????.
PubMed ID
28005025 View in PubMed
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AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases in the arctic regions.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1681
Source
Arctic Medical Research. 1990; 49 Suppl 3:1-38. Proceedings of the Circumpolar Meeting on AIDS Prevention, Ilulissat, Greenland, September 26-28, 1989.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Source
Arctic Medical Research. 1990; 49 Suppl 3:1-38. Proceedings of the Circumpolar Meeting on AIDS Prevention, Ilulissat, Greenland, September 26-28, 1989.
Date
1990
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Greenland
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
AIDS
HIV
Population
Syphilis
Gonorrhea
Homosexuality
Health education
STD
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Adolescent
Adult
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Gonorrhea - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Sexual Behavior
Syphilis - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 1891.
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Source
Can J Public Health. 1998 Nov-Dec;89(6):365-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
C. Donovan
Source
Can J Public Health. 1998 Nov-Dec;89(6):365-7
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Canada - epidemiology
Child
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Public Health Practice
Risk-Taking
Notes
Comment In: Can J Public Health. 1999 Mar-Apr;90(2):14310349224
PubMed ID
9926491 View in PubMed
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Source
Jordemodern. 1987 Dec;100(12):402-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
H. Bolin
Source
Jordemodern. 1987 Dec;100(12):402-3
Date
Dec-1987
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Africa
Humans
Abstract
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is believed to have begun in Rwanda with the transmission of green monkey virus to humans; the virus spread among prostitutes and truck drivers along the highways and then to the cities. In the most threatened areas, for example, Kinshasa in Zaire, 20% of the inhabitants are infected. 8% of pregnant women are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive. Social conditions are important. In Kenya prostitutes who work along the highways are carriers of socially transmitted diseases and genital sores. They are 60-80% HIV-positive. The better-off prostitutes at bars and hotels enjoy better health and fewer contacts and are 30% HIV-positive. It should be possible to develop a vaccine against the AIDS virus, but only a few virologists believe that this can be done within 10 years. Because HIV virus mutates rapidly, many different vaccines would have to be prepared. About 80 countries are cooperating with the World Health Organization to combat HIV and AIDS in Africa. Traveling and working abroad is beginning to be a problem. 15 countries have introduced restrictions on foreign visitors. Swedish midwives have an important role to play in fighting HIV. Their youth counseling activities can spread information about HIV and AIDS. Children who are in early stages of sexuality are probably the most important group to be influenced. It is already too late to begin informing 15-17 year olds about the disease. Midwives should probably be starting much sooner, perhaps even with 10-year olds.
PubMed ID
3692943 View in PubMed
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Source
J Clin Apher. 1989;5(1):30-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
1989
Author
A J Clayton
Author Affiliation
Federal Centre for AIDS, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Source
J Clin Apher. 1989;5(1):30-2
Date
1989
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control
Adult
Blood Donors
Canada
Child
Government Agencies
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology
Humans
Middle Aged
World Health Organization
Abstract
Since the first case of AIDS was diagnosed in 1982, there have been over 2,300 cases, as of February 1989, in Canada. The epidemiological pattern of the cases in Canada follows that of the United States with the exception of intravenous drug users. In 1983, the federal government created a National Advisory Committee which is active in advising the Minister of National Health and Welfare on issues for the control and management of AIDS in Canada. In 1985, a $39 million program was announced. An enhanced program of AIDS control was established in July of 1987 with the creation of the Federal Center for AIDS (FCA). This has involved a substantial increase in financial and personnel resources. Canada plays a significant role internationally vis-à-vis AIDS; $10 million has been provided to the World Health Organization. The FCA is a WHO Collaborating Centre. In June of 1989, Canada will host the Vth International Conference on AIDS in Montreal.
PubMed ID
2777737 View in PubMed
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Source
Nurs Que. 1988 May-Jun;8(3):16-9, 68-70
Publication Type
Article
Author
L. Bédard
R S Remis
Source
Nurs Que. 1988 May-Jun;8(3):16-9, 68-70
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Humans
Quebec
PubMed ID
3374876 View in PubMed
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[AIDS: Local activism is public health. Principles and strategies for providing information on AIDS to gays and bisexual men in Denmark 1981-1989]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8460
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1989 Oct 2;151(40):2613-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2-1989

99 records – page 1 of 10.