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[HIV in Western Denmark. Demographic data from a population-based cohort study]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature7371
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Aug 19;164(34):3964-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-19-2002
Author
Søren Jensen-Fangel
Court Pedersen
Carsten Schade Larsen
Palle Tauris
Axel Møller
Niels Obel
Author Affiliation
Infektionsmedicinsk afdeling Q, Skejby Sygehus, Arhus Universitetshospital, DK-8200 Arhus N. fangel@dadlnet.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Aug 19;164(34):3964-7
Date
Aug-19-2002
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - ethnology - transmission
Adult
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology - ethnology
Emigration and Immigration
English Abstract
Female
HIV Infections - epidemiology - ethnology - transmission
HIV Seropositivity - epidemiology - ethnology - transmission
Humans
Incidence
Male
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The course of HIV infection has changed since the introduction of highly active anti-retroviral treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present demographic data from an observational database on HIV and AIDS in the Western part of Denmark, a region representing 2,935,156 individuals, or 55.1% of the population in Denmark (1 January 2000). Five centres in the region treat HIV positive adults; all patients attached to these centres since 1995 are included. Altogether 749 adult HIV-infected individuals were enrolled as of 31 December 1999. Estimates of the prevalence and incidence of HIV infection in the area were 25.8/100,000 and 2.6/100,000 respectively, which are lower than the average for the country. RESULTS: The number of newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients remained constant in the period 1995-1999 with an average of 62 diagnoses per year. The number of HIV-related deaths declined from 43 in 1995 to 15 in 1999. DISCUSSION: There seems to be a shift in the HIV epidemic over the last few years, with a higher proportion of newly diagnosed HIV-patients who have contracted the infection through heterosexual contact, and a higher proportion who are immigrants from less developed countries.
PubMed ID
12212478 View in PubMed
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[Incidence of HIV/AIDS in Denmark, 1990-2005]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature81874
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2006 Jun 5;168(23):2247-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-5-2006
Author
Cowan Susan A
Smith Else
Author Affiliation
Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk Afdeling, og Sundhedsstyrelsen, Center For Forebyggelse. sco@ssi.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2006 Jun 5;168(23):2247-52
Date
Jun-5-2006
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - ethnology - transmission
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Denmark - epidemiology - ethnology
Disease Notification - statistics & numerical data
Female
HIV Infections - epidemiology - ethnology - transmission
Homosexuality, Male
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: AIDS was defined in 1981, and HIV has spread globally since then. Most of the Danish AIDS patients have been men who have sex with men (MSM). After the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in the mid-1990s, the incidence of AIDS in Denmark decreased dramatically. This article presents a status report on HIV and AIDS epidemiology in Denmark at the beginning of 2005. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the national surveillance systems for AIDS, which has been notifiable since 1983, and HIV, which has been notifiable since August 1990, were used. RESULTS: During the period 1 August 1990-31 December 2004, HIV infection was reported in 4,254 persons, 3,076 men (72%) and 1,178 women (28%). MSM accounted for 39% of the cases (50% of the Danes and 14% of the immigrants). Heterosexual transmission accounted for 45% (32% of the Danes and 73% of the immigrants). Intravenous drug users (IDU) accounted for 9%. In 2004, 124 out of 190 Danes reported with HIV were MSM (65%). A total of 2,530 people were reported with AIDS. From the mid-1990s, the number of cases reported annually dropped. In 2004, 51 cases and 31 AIDS deaths were reported. CONCLUSION: It is estimated that well over 5,000 people are living with HIV in Denmark; about 550 of these have been diagnosed with AIDS. The decrease in the AIDS incidence and in the yearly AIDS mortality has not been mirrored by a decrease in the yearly number of reported HIV cases. Of special concern is the rise in the number of reported HIV cases among MSM during the last few years. This may reflect an increase in unsafe sex, partly due to a conception of HIV as a treatable, chronic disease. Prevention strategies, especially among MSM, are still needed.
PubMed ID
16768978 View in PubMed
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