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118 records – page 1 of 12.

[3 cases of visceral leishmaniasis, one in a HIV-positive man]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8254
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 May 27;153(22):1591-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-27-1991
Author
U. Balslev
F. Jonsbo
J. Junge
K D Bentsen
Author Affiliation
Hvidovre Hospital, København.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 May 27;153(22):1591-2
Date
May-27-1991
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - complications - diagnosis
Adult
English Abstract
HIV Seropositivity - complications - diagnosis
Humans
Infant
Leishmaniasis, Visceral - complications - diagnosis - drug therapy
Male
Opportunistic Infections - etiology
Abstract
Three cases of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) are presented. One of these was in a 43-year-old patient with AIDS who was infected in Southern Spain. Another was in a man aged 25 years infected in West Africa. These cases are the first two adults to be reported in Denmark. The third case was an 18 month old previously healthy boy, infected in Southern Spain. The symptomtology, diagnosis and treatment of the disease are discussed and it is stressed that serological diagnostic tests have limited value in HIV positive patients.
PubMed ID
2058021 View in PubMed
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Access to primary health care among persons with disabilities in rural areas: a summary of the literature.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213021
Source
J Rural Health. 1996;12(1):45-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996
Author
D M Lishner
M. Richardson
P. Levine
D. Patrick
Author Affiliation
WAMI Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.
Source
J Rural Health. 1996;12(1):45-53
Date
1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - complications - epidemiology
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Disabled Persons
HIV Infections - complications - epidemiology
Health Services Accessibility
Health services needs and demand
Humans
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Rural Health Services - supply & distribution
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
Despite the prevalence of disabilities among persons living in rural areas, scarce data exist on their health care needs. While rural residents generally experience barriers to access to primary health care, these problems are further exacerbated for people with disabilities. This article summarizes findings from the published literature on access to primary health care among people with disabilities living in rural locations. A comprehensive computerized literature search turned up 86 articles meeting the study criteria, focused on the following rural populations affected by disabilities: children and adolescents, working-age adults, the elderly the mentally ill, and people with AIDS. For each of these populations, substantial problems in accessing appropriate health care have been documented. The literature consistently emphasizes the failure of local health care systems in nonmetropolitan areas to adequately address the complex medical and related needs of individuals with disabilities. In the absence of specialized expertise, facilities, and primary care providers trained specifically to care for disabled persons, local programs rely heavily on the use of indigenous paraprofessionals and alternative models of care. Further research is needed to identify and test the efficacy of innovative service delivery strategies to improve health care access for this population.
PubMed ID
10172606 View in PubMed
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AIDS and dementia: a quantitative neuropsychological study of unselected Danish patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8682
Source
Acta Neurol Scand. 1987 Dec;76(6):443-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1987
Author
P. Bruhn
Author Affiliation
Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
Acta Neurol Scand. 1987 Dec;76(6):443-7
Date
Dec-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - complications - psychology
Adult
Cognition Disorders - etiology
Dementia - etiology - psychology
Denmark
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Retrospective Studies
Abstract
Retrospective studies of hospitalized patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) have indicated that dementia occur in the majority of cases. In order to study the occurrence of dementia among AIDS patients, we conducted a controlled study of 16 unselected cases with a battery of neuropsychological tests known to be sensitive to brain damage of various etiologies. Except for fatigue, mental complaints and neuropsychiatric signs of dementia were generally sparse. As a group, the AIDS patients' performance in the neuropsychological tests did not differ from that of matched, healthy controls. Based on analyses of individual test results only one patient performed significantly inferior to what should be expected. The diagnosis of dementia should not be ascribed to AIDS victims on account of non-specific psycho-behavioral deviations that may represent a normal psychologic reaction to the disease, extreme fatigue, or both. Further, frequency measures of dementia in AIDS, based on large, unselected groups and with sufficient control, are still lacking. However, our study indicates that dementia is a less frequent complication of AIDS than so far assumed.
PubMed ID
3434202 View in PubMed
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AIDS and Mycobacterium avium serovars in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8467
Source
Lancet. 1989 Aug 5;2(8658):336-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-5-1989
Source
Rev Ateneo Argent Odontol. 1989 Jan-Feb;24(1):48-68
Publication Type
Article
Author
J. Pindborg
Source
Rev Ateneo Argent Odontol. 1989 Jan-Feb;24(1):48-68
Language
Spanish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - complications - epidemiology
Adolescent
Adult
Candidiasis, Oral - etiology
Child
English Abstract
Humans
Leukoplakia, Oral - etiology
Mouth Diseases - etiology
Mouth Neoplasms - etiology
Sarcoma, Kaposi - etiology
Abstract
This paper is the transcription of the course of Dr. Jens Pindborg, from Denmark, on the Ateneo Argentino de Odontología, November 1988. The author provides current information on AIDS, epidemiologic factors, etiology, clinical and oral manifestations, associated diseases and treatment. Special emphasis are made in candidiasis lesions, gingival disease, oral viral Hairy leukoplakia and Kaposi's sarcoma.
PubMed ID
2639711 View in PubMed
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Source
Ont Dent. 1988 Nov;65(9):29-32, 34
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1988
Author
M. Caloz
Source
Ont Dent. 1988 Nov;65(9):29-32, 34
Date
Nov-1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - complications - diagnosis
Dentists
Humans
Mouth Diseases - etiology
Ontario
PubMed ID
3254469 View in PubMed
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[AIDS in children based on autopsy data from the Kalmyk ASSR].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature103697
Source
Arkh Patol. 1990;52(7):20-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
G G Vasil'eva
A V Tsinzerling
L A Kozhemiakin
I G Bondarenko
Source
Arkh Patol. 1990;52(7):20-6
Date
1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
AIDS Serodiagnosis
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - complications - epidemiology - ethnology - pathology
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
HIV-1
Humans
Infant
Male
Opportunistic Infections - complications - epidemiology - ethnology - pathology
Residence Characteristics
Russia - epidemiology - ethnology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
6 cases of HIV infection were revealed by enzyme immunoassay and immunoblotting among 144 children who had died in Elista. Another 5 children might have had HIV-infection but laboratory analyses either were lacking or gave doubtful results. Laboratory results were negative in 133 children. Similar severe changes of the lymphoid system typical for immunodeficiency were found in all children. These changes in HIV infection were characterized by lymphogenic generalized RNA infection. Complications (secondary diseases) in the form of DNA-virus infections (cytomegalia and herpes simplex), pneumocystosis and other viral and bacterial processes were observed in children of all groups. The disease was found mainly in Kalmyks. Blood examination of healthy Kalmyks revealed some differences in the form of significant decrease of the lysosomal cationic proteins content and the peroxydase activity of neutrophil leucocytes as compared to the same indexes obtained in Leningrad. There was also a tendency to the decrease of T-lymphocyte content. The children dying from immunodeficiencies lived mainly along the litoral of an ancient sea.
PubMed ID
2149495 View in PubMed
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118 records – page 1 of 12.