Research on the resistance to implementation of effective injury control measures is needed. An important task is to identity factors or circumstances that influence the possibilities of taking active safety measures, and also factors that may limit or hinder such efforts. The objective of this study was to describe the farmers' own attitudes towards farm accident hazards and their interest in participating in preventive measures. The study is part of a project to develop systems for injury surveillance and control in Swedish emergency care. A standardised questionnaire for telephone interviews was used. All patients who had consulted an emergency department during a one-year period for injuries caused by accidents on 2,454 farms in two Swedish rural municipalities were interviewed. The results demonstrated that adults, especially young adults with small children, seem to be most conscious of accident risks and best motivated for participation in active safety measures, e.g. safety education.
During industrialization in agriculture, many farming machines have been introduced. It is well-known that farming is a dangerous workplace and that farm machinery cause many serious accidents every year. Four cases of accidents with potato harvesters are discussed. In three of four cases the farmers were injured while cleaning the machine without stopping it, which probably was the main cause of the accidents. Farmers are in general not careful enough when using farm machinery. Every year, farmers in Denmark are severely invalided in accidents with potato harvesters. A strategy to lower the accidents is proposed: 1. Information of farmers, farmer schools, machine constructors and importers about mechanisms of injury. 2. A better education of farmers in using potato harvesters (and other farming machines). 3. Better fencing of the potato harvesters. 4. If possibly constructional changes in the potato harvesters so things will not get stuck, or so that the machine will stop if things stuck. 5. Installation of switches on potato harvesters, which can be reached from all positions, stopping the machines immediately, or a remote switch control carried by the farmer.
Children are at high risk for agricultural injury, yet there is little documentation about the range of farm work that children perform or the ages at which children experience these work exposures. The purpose of this study was to identify the scope of agricultural jobs performed by farm children and to describe variations in work involvement within demographic subgroups. A descriptive analysis was conducted of baseline data collected by telephone interview during a multi-site randomized controlled trial. The study population consisted of 1,138 children from 498 North American farms. A total of 2,389 jobs were reported for the 1,138 children. The leading categories of work were animal care, crop management, and tractor with implement operation. Regional differences were observed, consistent with variations in commodities. Substantial proportions of children were assigned to farm work even in the youngest age group of 7-9 years. Males were differentially assigned to tractor with implement operations, while females were more often assigned to animal care. This study provides one of the first systematic accounts of farm work performed by North American children. This analysis of work exposures provides information from which known prevention priorities can be reinforced and new opportunities for prevention identified.