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A 7-year follow-up of multidisciplinary rehabilitation among chronic neck and back pain patients. Is sick leave outcome dependent on psychologically derived patient groups?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature149098
Source
Eur J Pain. 2010 Apr;14(4):426-33
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2010
Author
Gunnar Bergström
Cecilia Bergström
Jan Hagberg
Lennart Bodin
Irene Jensen
Author Affiliation
Karolinska Institutet, Division of Intervention and Implementation Research, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Eur J Pain. 2010 Apr;14(4):426-33
Date
Apr-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Back Pain - classification - psychology - rehabilitation
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Costs and Cost Analysis
Disability Evaluation
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Income
Male
Middle Aged
Neck Pain - classification - psychology - rehabilitation
Pain Measurement
Patient care team
Pensions
Prognosis
Risk
Sick Leave - economics - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
A valid method for classifying chronic pain patients into more homogenous groups could be useful for treatment planning, that is, which treatment is effective for which patient, and as a marker when evaluating treatment outcome. One instrument that has been used to derive subgroups of patients is the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI). The primary aim of this study was to evaluate a classification method based on the Swedish version of the MPI, the MPI-S, to predict sick leave among chronic neck and back pain patients for a period of 7 years after vocational rehabilitation. As hypothesized, dysfunctional patients (DYS), according to the MPI-S, showed a higher amount of sickness absence and disability pension expressed in days than adaptive copers (AC) during the 7-years follow-up period, even when adjusting for sickness absence prior to rehabilitation (355.8days, 95% confidence interval, 71.7; 639.9). Forty percent of DYS patients and 26.7% of AC patients received disability pension during the follow-up period. However, this difference was not statistically significant. Further analyses showed that the difference between patient groups was most pronounced among patients with more than 60days of sickness absence prior to rehabilitation. Cost-effectiveness calculations indicated that the DYS patients showed an increase in production loss compared to AC patients. The present study yields support for the prognostic value of this subgroup classification method concerning long-term outcome on sick leave following this type of vocational rehabilitation.
PubMed ID
19683950 View in PubMed
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10-year trends of educational differences in long sickness absence due to mental disorders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature285500
Source
J Occup Health. 2017 Jul 27;59(4):352-355
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-27-2017
Author
Hilla Sumanen
Olli Pietiläinen
Eero Lahelma
Ossi Rahkonen
Source
J Occup Health. 2017 Jul 27;59(4):352-355
Date
Jul-27-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education - classification - statistics & numerical data
Employment - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - psychology
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Sex Distribution
Sick Leave - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
Mental disorders are a key cause of sickness absence (SA) and challenge prolonging working careers. Thus, evidence on the development of SA trends is needed. In this study, educational differences in long SAs due to mental disorders were examined in two age groups among employees of the City of Helsinki from 2004 to 2013.
All permanently and temporarily employed staff aged 18-34 and 35-49 were included in the analyses (n=~27800 per year). SA spells of =14 days due to mental disorders were examined annually. Education was classified to higher and lower levels. Joinpoint regression was used to identify major turning points in SA trends.
Joinpoint regression models showed that lower educated groups had more long SAs spells due to mental disorders than those groups with higher education. SA trends decreased during the study period in all studied age and educational groups. Lower educated age groups had similar SA trends. Younger employees with higher education had the fewest SAs.
A clear educational gradient was found in long SAs due to mental disorders during the study period. SA trends decreased from 2004 to 2013.
Notes
Cites: PLoS One. 2014 Jun 25;9(6):e9986924963812
Cites: J Occup Health. 2015;57(5):474-8126228519
Cites: Gesundheitswesen. 2015 Apr;77(4):e70-625756925
Cites: Scand J Work Environ Health. 2014 Jul;40(4):353-6024352164
Cites: Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2004;63:152-8015513656
Cites: BMJ Open. 2016 May 06;6(5):e00855027154473
Cites: Occup Med (Lond). 2012 Jul;62(5):379-8122638644
Cites: PLoS One. 2014 Dec 22;9(12):e11588525531900
Cites: Stat Med. 2000 Feb 15;19(3):335-5110649300
Cites: BJPsych Open. 2016 Jan 13;2(1):18-2427703749
Cites: Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2013 Apr;127(4):287-9722775341
Cites: Eur J Public Health. 2009 Dec;19(6):625-3019581376
Cites: BMC Public Health. 2010 Jul 20;10:42620646271
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Jun;42(3):722-3022467288
Cites: Eur J Public Health. 2010 Jun;20(3):276-8019843600
Cites: J Occup Environ Med. 2017 Jan;59(1):114-11928045805
PubMed ID
28496028 View in PubMed
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[11 million sick-leave days for back problems].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature249518
Source
Vardfacket. 1977 Oct 6;1(18):49
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-6-1977
Author
G. Lundblad
Source
Vardfacket. 1977 Oct 6;1(18):49
Date
Oct-6-1977
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Back Pain
Humans
Occupational Medicine
Sweden
PubMed ID
145132 View in PubMed
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12-year trends in occupational class differences in short sickness absence among young women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265140
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2015 Jun;43(4):441-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2015
Author
Sumanen Hilla
Lahti Jouni
Lahelma Eero
Pietiläinen Olli
Rahkonen Ossi
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2015 Jun;43(4):441-4
Date
Jun-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Finland
Humans
Occupations - classification
Sick Leave - trends
Social Class
Young Adult
Abstract
Socioeconomic differences in sickness absence are well established among middle-aged employees but poorly known among younger employees, in particular for shorter spells. We examined trends in occupational class differences in short sickness absence among young women.
The data were obtained from the registers of the City of Helsinki, Finland, and included female employees aged 18-34 years from 2002 to 2013. Self-certified (1-3 days) sickness absence spells were examined. Occupational class was classified into four hierarchical categories. Joinpoint regression models were used to identify major changes in sickness absence trends.
Short sickness absence increased until 2008, after which it decreased in all occupational classes except manual workers. Differences in sickness absence between occupational classes remained over time. Routine non-manuals had the highest amount of short sickness absence, while managers and professionals had the smallest amount. Manual workers had somewhat less short sickness absence than routine non-manuals and semi-professionals.
The socioeconomic differences in short sickness absence were clear among young women but not fully consistent as routine non-manuals tended to have more sickness absence than manual workers. Preventive measures are needed to narrow socioeconomic differences in young women's sickness absence especially among routine non-manuals.
PubMed ID
25834066 View in PubMed
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[Absence because of infectious diseases among children attending day care institutions in a county]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37275
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jan 7;153(2):104-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-7-1991
Author
S A Søe
E M Hammershøy
Author Affiliation
Embedslaegeinstitutionen for Storstrøms Amt, Nykøbing.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jan 7;153(2):104-6
Date
Jan-7-1991
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Bacterial Infections - epidemiology - transmission
Child
Child Day Care Centers
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
Denmark - epidemiology
English Abstract
Humans
Hygiene
Infant
Retrospective Studies
Virus Diseases - epidemiology - transmission
Abstract
A retrospective investigation was undertaken of the connection between absence on account of illness and the hygienic routines in 28 day institutions in the County of Storstrøm. A total of 953 children aged 0-6 years were involved. Absence on account of illness was described on the basis of registration for three months carried out by the staffs of the day institutions. On the basis of information about sick-leave, interview investigations were carried out the hygienic routines in the six day institutions which showed the highest and lowest absenteeism on account of illness, respectively. Only slight differences were found in the hygienic routines in the institutions investigated and no connections were found between sickness and hygiene. On the other hand, there appears to have been a connection between absence on account of illness and time spent out-of-doors; the greatest illness being observed in the institutions where the children spent least time out-of-doors. With the object preventions of illness among children in day institutions, further investigations concerning the significance of time spent out-of-doors and the indoor environment for these children would be of interest.
PubMed ID
1989361 View in PubMed
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Absence behavior as traffic crash predictor in bus drivers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature150286
Source
J Safety Res. 2009;40(3):197-201
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Anders E af Wåhlberg
Lisa Dorn
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. anders.af_wahlberg@psyk.uu.se
Source
J Safety Res. 2009;40(3):197-201
Date
2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Accidents, Traffic
Adult
Automobile Driving
England
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Vehicles
Risk assessment
Sweden
Abstract
Various indicators of health have been shown to be associated with traffic crash involvement. As general health is also related to absence from work, the latter variable may be more strongly related to crashes, especially for professional drivers.
Bus driver absence from work was analyzed in association with their crash records. Two British samples and one Swedish sample were used.
One of the British samples yielded fair correlations between crash record and absence, while for the other the effect was restricted to the first three months of driving. The Swedish data had effects in the expected direction but these were not significant.
The use of an indirect, overall measurement of health, may be a viable method for predicting the traffic crash involvement for professional drivers, although replications are needed in larger samples and other populations.
The use of absence records for the identification of at risk drivers would seem to be a simple and useful method for companies with major fleets, and it also shows the importance of promoting employee health and well being at work as a potential method of reducing the cost, not only of absenteeism, but also of crashes in company vehicles.
PubMed ID
19527813 View in PubMed
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Absence due to illness among toddlers in day-care centres in relation to child group structure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature34347
Source
Public Health. 1997 Mar;111(2):85-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1997
Author
R B Sennerstam
Author Affiliation
Sachs Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Karolinska Institute, Nynashamn, Sweden.
Source
Public Health. 1997 Mar;111(2):85-8
Date
Mar-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Child day care centers - organization & administration
Child, Preschool
Communicable diseases
Female
Group Structure
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Morbidity
Retrospective Studies
Sweden
Abstract
The present work demonstrates a close association between illness-associated absence among children below 4 y of age in day-care, and the age-related composition of the child groups. The study, which spanned a 4 y period and is based on illness-related absence from day-care in a Stockholm suburb, shows that morbidity decreases significantly among young children as age-integration in the groups is intensified. Absence due to illness was most common in toddler groups of infants up to 3 y of age. Among sibling groups of children in the age range 0-6 y, illness-related absence was lower among toddlers compared to toddlers in age-separated groups, and significantly lower in extended sibling groups in the age range 0-12 y. Morbidity among children older than 3 y was not affected in the same way by group structure.
PubMed ID
9090282 View in PubMed
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Absence experience of career firefighters reaching mandatory retirement age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223027
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1992
Author
T L Guidotti
Author Affiliation
Occupational Health Program, University of Alberta, Faculty of Medicine, Edmonton, Canada.
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Date
Oct-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Age Factors
Aging
Fires - prevention & control
Humans
Influenza, Human - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Ontario - epidemiology
Retirement
Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology
PubMed ID
1403190 View in PubMed
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Absence from work due to occupational and non-occupational accidents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature118455
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2013 Feb;41(1):18-24
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2013
Author
Kirsten Jørgensen
Bjarne Laursen
Author Affiliation
Department of Management Engineering, The Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. kirj@man.dtu.dk
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2013 Feb;41(1):18-24
Date
Feb-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Accidents - statistics & numerical data
Accidents, Occupational - statistics & numerical data
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Child, Preschool
Denmark
Employment - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Qualitative Research
Registries
Young Adult
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate absence from work in Denmark due to occupational and non-occupational accidents.
Since the beginning of the last decade, political focus has been placed on the population's working capacity and the scope of absence due to illness. Absence from work is estimated at between 3% and 6% of working hours in the EU and costs are estimated at approximately 2.5% of GNP.
Victims of accidents treated at two emergency departments were interviewed regarding absence for the injured, the family and others. All answers were linked to the hospital information on the injury, so that it was possible to examine the relation between absence and injury type, and cause of the accident.
In total, 1,479 injured persons were interviewed. 36% of these reported absence from work by themselves or others. In mean, an injury caused 3.21 days of absence. Based on this the total absence due to injuries in Denmark was estimated to 1,822,000 workdays, corresponding to approximately 6% of the total absence from work due to all types of illness. Non-occupational injuries resulted in more absence than did occupational injuries.
Absence due to accidents contributed to a considerable part of the total absence from work, and non-occupational accidents caused more absence than did occupational accidents.
PubMed ID
23208299 View in PubMed
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Absences for sickness among children in day care.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36550
Source
Acta Paediatr. 1992 Nov;81(11):929-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1992
Author
M. Möttönen
M. Uhari
Author Affiliation
Department of Pediatrics, University of Oulu, Finland.
Source
Acta Paediatr. 1992 Nov;81(11):929-32
Date
Nov-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Child
Child Day Care Centers - standards - statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Finland - epidemiology
Food Services - standards - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Hygiene
Infant
Morbidity
Multivariate Analysis
Occupations - statistics & numerical data
Parents
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Seasons
Social Class
Abstract
The number of days of absence because of sickness, recorded for all children in one city in Finland, cared for in municipal day care over a period of 2.5 years, was collected from the monthly figures kept by the city council office for accounting purposes. The average number of days of absence per child was 24 per year at child-care centers and 9 in family care (p
PubMed ID
1467617 View in PubMed
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943 records – page 1 of 95.