The occurrence of abscess disease, caseous lymphadenitis, and pulmonary adenomatosis in sheep in Denmark is reported for the first time. Subcutaneous abscesses were observed in imported 4- to 5-month-old lambs of the Lacaune breed 10 days after arrival in Denmark. Abscesses were mostly located in the head, neck and shoulder regions close to the regional lymph nodes. Bacteriological examinations revealed growth of Staphylococcus aureus ssp. anaerobius in all animals with subcutaneously located abscesses containing a viscous white-yellow odourless mass. In addition, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis was isolated from abscesses in one animal and lesions consistent with pulmonary adenomatosis were found in four animals.
Injection drug use and malnutrition are widespread among polydrug addicts in Oslo, Norway, but little is known about the frequency of abscess infections and possible relations to malnutrition.
To assess the prevalence of abscess infections, and differences in nutritional status between drug addicts with or without abscess infections.
A cross-sectional study of 195 polydrug addicts encompassing interview of demographics, dietary recall, anthropometric measurements and biochemical analyses. All respondents were under the influence of illicit drugs and were not participating in any drug treatment or rehabilitation program at the time of investigation.
Abscess infections were reported by 25% of the respondents, 19% of the men and 33% of the women (p = 0.025). Underweight (BMI 15 ?mol/L) was 73% in the abscess-infected group and 41% in the non-abscess-infected group (p = 0.001). The concentrations of S-25-hydroxy-vitamin D3 was very low.
The prevalence of abscess infections was 25% among the examined polydrug addicts. Dietary, anthropometric and biochemical assessment indicated a relation between abscess infections and malnutrition.
Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a dominantly inherited disease characterized by a wide variety of clinical manifestations, including pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs), which due to paradoxical embolization may cause cerebral abscess.
To estimate the risk of cerebral abscess among patients with HHT.
All patients with HHT included in the Danish HHT data base, between January 1995 and October 2012, have been clinically evaluated for the presence of neurological symptoms and history of previous cerebral abscess.
A total of 337 patients with HHT have been included in the Danish database. Of these, 264 were screened for the presence of PAVM. In 117 patients, a PAVM was diagnosed; among these, we identified nine patients with a history of cerebral abscess. The prevalence of cerebral abscess among patients with HHT and PAVM was therefore 7.8%. The patients with a history of cerebral abscess were genetically evaluated, and seven had ENG mutations, one had an ALK1 mutation, and in one case, a mutation could not be identified.
Patients with untreated PAVM have a considerable risk of sustaining cerebral abscesses. A cerebral abscess may be the first symptom leading to an HHT diagnosis. Patients with unexplained cerebral abscess should be evaluated for HHT and PAVM.
Fusobacterium necrophorum (FN) is the predominant pathogen in peritonsillar abscesses, which is a relatively frequent complication of acute tonsillitis. The study aimed to explore if FN is a significant pathogen in acute tonsillitis, examine the prevalence of FN in acute tonsillitis patients, and describe the clinical and biochemical characteristics of FN-positive patients. A 6-month prospective study was conducted in a Danish general practice with eight physicians. One hundred acute tonsillitis patients and 100 healthy controls aged 15-40 years were included in the study. The prevalence of FN was (non-significantly) higher among acute tonsillitis patients (16 %) compared to healthy individuals (9 %) (P = 0.199). This trend was border significant for patients aged 15-29 years (24 vs 9 %) (P = 0.050). Significantly, more FN-positive patients were men (75 %) compared to patients growing other bacteria (17 %) or mixed oral flora (27 %) (P
Retrospective analysis of case records of 9793 patients with brain tumors operated on at the Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute from 1985 to 1992 was done. 323 patients (3.2%) had postoperative CNS infectious complications with deaths registered in 46 cases. Cholesteatomas and choriopapillomas had the highest complication rates: 12% of all cases and 11.4%, respectively. Variable incidence was observed in the glial tumors group: from 3% in glioblastoma patients to 4.7% in oligodendroglioma patients. Concurrent infections, surgical approaches via parabasal sinuses and CSF leakage at the operation site were considered as risk factors for postoperative CNS infectious complications.
Data on 67 children treated for abscess of the brain in 1966-1984 years are analysed. The work deals with study of the etiology of brain abscesses in children and the possibility of their prevention. Comparative analysis of the causes of brain abscesses in different age groups (from 10 weeks to 15 years) shows pyoinflammatory skin diseases to be the most common cause of brain abscesses in young children, in those under the age of 12 months in particular. In the next age groups the incidence of cerebral abscesses caused by pyogenic diseases of the skin reduces whereas that of abscesses of otorhinosinusogenic origin increases.
Group A streptococci are commonly regarded as the most prevalent cause of acute bacterial tonsillitis and peritonsillar abscess (PTA). However, the majority of PTA aspirates also contain strains of anaerobes, and accumulating evidence indicates that Fusobacterium necrophorum (FN) could be involved in acute tonsillitis. The purpose of the present study was to describe the epidemiology and bacteriology of PTA in Denmark, with particular emphasis on correlations between microbiological, clinical, and laboratory data.
A retrospective study on all patients with PTA admitted to the ear, nose, and throat department at Aarhus University Hospitals from January 2001 through December 2006 was conducted.
In total, 847 patients were included in the study. The mean annual incidence of PTA was 41 cases/100,000 population. FN was the most frequently detected bacteria (in 23% of cultures), followed by group A streptococci (in 17%) and groups C and G streptococci (counted together, in 5%). Of the 191 FN isolates detected, 155 (81%) grew as pure culture. Patients infected with FN were significantly younger than patients infected with other strains of bacteria (P