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ABH secretion polymorphism in Icelanders, Aland Islanders, Finns, Finnish Lapps, Komi and Greenland Eskimos: a review and new data.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature237022
Source
Ann Hum Biol. 1986 May-Jun;13(3):273-85
Publication Type
Article
Author
A W Eriksson
K. Partanen
R R Frants
J C Pronk
P J Kostense
Source
Ann Hum Biol. 1986 May-Jun;13(3):273-85
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Adult
Aged
Alleles
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
European Continental Ancestry Group
Finland
Greenland
Humans
Iceland
Inuits
Male
Polymorphism, Genetic
Saliva - immunology
Sweden - ethnology
Abstract
The secretion of the ABH antigens in saliva was tested in indigenous individuals of several populations: Icelanders in Reykjavik and Husavik (northeastern Iceland), Aland Islanders, Finno-Ugrians (Finns, Finnish Lapps, Komi) and Eskimos (Augpilagtok, northwestern Greenland). The frequencies of ABH non-secretors among the Icelanders (28-36%) were among the highest ever noted in Europeans. Among Alanders and Swedes on the Finnish mainland the frequency (around 20%) was comparable to Swedish values but considerably higher than among Finns (13-14%). The values among northeastern Finns and Komi (about 9%) were intermediate between values among Lapps (below 5%) and Scandinavians (15-26%), excluding Icelanders (28-41%). The average frequency of non-secretors among Lapps in Finland (2.2 +/- 0.5%) was the lowest observed among white populations. Like many other arctic populations of the Mongolian race, the Greenland Eskimos had a very low frequency of non-secretors. It is probable that the non-secretor allele ABH*se was absent from the ancient Lapps and Greenland Eskimos but introduced by invading populations. It is concluded that the ABH*se allele frequencies vary much more among northern European populations than hitherto appreciated. Recent studies indicate that the non-secretor status of the ABH blood group substances in mucous body fluids is associated with pathological conditions of the mucous membranes of the embryologically related digestive and respiratory systems, particularly with duodenal ulcer and gastric (pre)malignancies but probably also with pulmonary dysfunction. In view of these disadvantages of the ABH non-secretor status the high frequency of ABH*se in Icelanders is a paradoxical phenomenon. The frequency of ABH non-secretors among the founders (Vikings) of Iceland may have been considerably higher than among the present populations in northwestern Europe. The increase in northwestern direction of the ABH*se allele frequencies supports this hypothesis; the dilution effect has not been as strong in Iceland as on the European continent.
PubMed ID
3752918 View in PubMed
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[ABO blood group and the rhesus classification of urolithiasis patients].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature239142
Source
Urol Nefrol (Mosk). 1985 Mar-Apr;(2):14-6
Publication Type
Article

Airborne occupational exposure, ABO phenotype and risk of ischaemic heart disease in the Copenhagen Male Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53657
Source
J Cardiovasc Risk. 2002 Aug;9(4):191-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2002
Author
P. Suadicani
H O Hein
F. Gyntelberg
Author Affiliation
Epidemiological Research Unit, Clinic of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, H:S Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, Denmark. ps11@bbh.ohsp.dk
Source
J Cardiovasc Risk. 2002 Aug;9(4):191-8
Date
Aug-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Adult
Aged
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Myocardial Ischemia - blood - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Phenotype
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that long-term occupational exposure to airborne pollutants is a stronger risk factor for ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in men with blood type O than in men with other ABO phenotypes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective study taking into account potential confounders. SETTING: The Copenhagen Male Study. SUBJECTS: 3321 men aged 53-74 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Lifetime prevalence of myocardial infarction and incidence of IHD in an 8-year follow-up among men without overt cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: Among men with phenotypes other than O no association was found between airborne pollutant exposure and IHD risk. Among men with blood type O (P = 1417, 42%), 4.7% had a history of myocardial infarction, as compared with 5.7% among men with other phenotypes (P = 1904, 58%). Long-term occupational exposure (> 5 years of exposure) to various airborne pollutants: soldering fumes, welding fumes and plastic fumes was associated with a significantly increased lifetime prevalence of myocardial infarction. Odds ratios (95% confidence limits) for these factors were 3.0 (1.6-5.8), P = 0.002, 2.1 (1.05-4.2), P = 0.05, and 8.3 (2.6-27.0), P = 0.003. In an 8-year follow-up a similar though weaker association was found with a significantly increased risk for those exposed long term to soldering fumes: 1.8 (1.0-3.2), P = 0.05. CONCLUSION: The finding of a quite strong interplay between airborne pollutants, ABO phenotypes, and risk of IHD, may open up new possibilities for clarifying the roles of the ABO blood group and air pollution as cardiovascular risk factors.
Notes
Comment In: J Cardiovasc Risk. 2002 Aug;9(4):179-8212394325
PubMed ID
12394327 View in PubMed
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[A study of the genetic basis of susceptibility to occupational fluorosis in aluminum industry workers of Siberia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature183883
Source
Genetika. 2003 Jul;39(7):982-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2003
Author
M B Lavriashina
M V Ul'ianova
V G Druzhinin
T A Tolochko
Author Affiliation
Department of Human and Animal Zoology, Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, 650043 Russia.
Source
Genetika. 2003 Jul;39(7):982-7
Date
Jul-2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Aluminum
Dermatoglyphics
Erythrocytes - physiology
Fluoride Poisoning - genetics
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
HLA Antigens - genetics
Hand - anatomy & histology
Humans
Leukocytes - physiology
Male
Metallurgy
Occupational Diseases - genetics
Occupational Exposure
Rh-Hr Blood-Group System - genetics
Siberia
Abstract
The phenotype frequency distributions of several classical blood genetic markers and dermatoglyphic characters were analyzed in workers of Siberian aluminum plants who had occupational fluorosis. Comparison with healthy workers revealed significant differences in frequencies of several markers. Phenotypes B (AB0), D (Rh), MN (MN), P1 (P), Le a (Lewis), Gc 2-1, Cx (on both hands), Th/I+ (on the left hand), C3, and C4 (HLA) were associated with higher risk of occupational fluorosis.
PubMed ID
12942783 View in PubMed
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Brief communication: Evolution of a specific O allele (O1vG542A) supports unique ancestry of Native Americans.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature108611
Source
Am J Phys Anthropol. 2013 Aug;151(4):649-57
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2013
Author
Fernando A Villanea
Deborah A Bolnick
Cara Monroe
Rosita Worl
Rosemary Cambra
Alan Leventhal
Brian M Kemp
Author Affiliation
School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4910, USA.
Source
Am J Phys Anthropol. 2013 Aug;151(4):649-57
Date
Aug-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Alaska
Alleles
Base Sequence
Biological Evolution
California
DNA Primers - genetics
DNA, Mitochondrial - genetics
Demography
Gene Flow - genetics
Genetics, Population
Haplotypes - genetics
Humans
Indians, North American - genetics
Molecular Sequence Data
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Abstract
In this study, we explore the geographic and temporal distribution of a unique variant of the O blood group allele called O1v(G542A) , which has been shown to be shared among Native Americans but is rare in other populations. O1v(G542A) was previously reported in Native American populations in Mesoamerica and South America, and has been proposed as an ancestry informative marker. We investigated whether this allele is also found in the Tlingit and Haida, two contemporary indigenous populations from Alaska, and a pre-Columbian population from California. If O1v(G542A) is present in Na-Dene speakers (i.e., Tlingits), it would indicate that Na-Dene speaking groups share close ancestry with other Native American groups and support a Beringian origin of the allele, consistent with the Beringian Incubation Model. If O1v(G542A) is found in pre-Columbian populations, it would further support a Beringian origin of the allele, rather than a more recent introduction of the allele into the Americas via gene flow from one or more populations which have admixed with Native Americans over the past five centuries. We identified this allele in one Na-Dene population at a frequency of 0.11, and one ancient California population at a frequency of 0.20. Our results support a Beringian origin of O1v(G542A) , which is distributed today among all Native American groups that have been genotyped in appreciable numbers at this locus. This result is consistent with the hypothesis that Na-Dene and other Native American populations primarily derive their ancestry from a single source population.
PubMed ID
23868176 View in PubMed
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[Computer technology for genetic-geographical study of the gene pool. II. Statistical transformation of maps].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216998
Source
Genetika. 1994 Nov;30(11):1538-55
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1994
Author
E V Balanovskaia
S D Nurbaev
Iu G Rychkov
Source
Genetika. 1994 Nov;30(11):1538-55
Date
Nov-1994
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Algorithms
Gene Frequency
Gene Pool
Geography
HLA Antigens - genetics
Heterozygote
Humans
Models, Statistical
Rh-Hr Blood-Group System - genetics
Russia
Abstract
Transformations of computer maps of geographical distribution of gene frequencies using basic mathematical statistical procedures are considered. These transformations are designated as statistical transformation of maps. Two transformation groups are considered: of one map separately and of a group of maps. Transformations possess a value beyond their use as intermediate stages of more complicated cartographical analysis: the resulting maps carry entirely new information on the geography of genes or a gene pool. This article considers three examples of obtaining new genetic profiles using statistical transformation algorithms. These profiles are of: heterozygosity (of HLA-A, B, C loci in northeastern Eurasia); (2) disease risk (Rh-incompatibility of mother and child with simultaneous registration of Rh and ABO blood groups in Eastern Europe); (3) genetic distances (from own mean ethnic values for Belarus' and from mean Russian values for the gene pool of Eastern Europe).
PubMed ID
7883159 View in PubMed
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[Distribution of ABO and Rhesus phenotypes and genes in the population of Kursk region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature202413
Source
Genetika. 1998 Dec;34(12):1686-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1998
Author
V P Ivanov
M I Churnosov
A I Kirilenko
Author Affiliation
Department of Medical Biology, Genetics, and Ecology, Kursk State Medical University, Russia.
Source
Genetika. 1998 Dec;34(12):1686-91
Date
Dec-1998
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Consanguinity
Demography
Genes, Recessive
Genetic Heterogeneity
Genetics, Population
Humans
Phenotype
Rh-Hr Blood-Group System - genetics
Rural Population
Russia
Abstract
The distributions of AB0 and Rhesus phenotypes and the corresponding genes in the population of Kursk oblast were studied. Based on these data, genetic differentiation of rural populations with respect to the d gene frequency was revealed. The differentiation was determined by the differences in the genetic and demographic structure of these rural populations. The frequency of homozygotes for the recessive gene d and the incidence of malformations affecting the children's viability increased with an increase in the inbreeding level of a population. Genetic distances between the population of Kursk oblast and other populations were estimated.
PubMed ID
10205745 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Distribution of genetic markers in offsprings of irradiated individuals].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154287
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2008 Sep-Oct;48(5):545-52
Publication Type
Article
Author
V I Tel'nov
Source
Radiats Biol Radioecol. 2008 Sep-Oct;48(5):545-52
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Adult
Age Factors
Alleles
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Female
Gamma Rays - adverse effects
Genetic Markers - radiation effects
Genotype
Haptoglobins - genetics - radiation effects
Humans
Male
Maternal Exposure - adverse effects
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Paternal Exposure - adverse effects
Pregnancy
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects - etiology - genetics
Russia
Young Adult
Abstract
For the estimation of radiation exposure on genetic processes in Mayak PA population we studied the distribution of a number of genetic markers in offsprings of Mayak PA workers depending on radiation (preconceptive and antenatal chronic exteral gamma-radiation) and non-radiation (age-sex characteristics of children and age characteristics of parents to the moment of conception) factors. Relatively unfavorable changes in distribution of genotypes and genes of haptoglobin genetic system in offsprings, whose parents (one or both) were exposed to external gamma-radiation in preconceptive cumulative dose of more than 200 cGy were detected. The most obvious reason of such changes may consist in directed gametic selection (Hp2 allele versus Hp1 allele) which turns out in abnormalities of segregation of Hp2-1 heterozygote that have both alleles. Effect of antenatal exposure on distribution of studied genetic markers in offspring of exposed population in studied dose range were not found. Homotypic changes in distribution of ABO bood groups and alleles in offspring of exposed and unexposed individuals depending on age characteristics of parents (middle age and age differences of both parents) for the moment of conception were also detected.
PubMed ID
19004327 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Effect of the ABO blood group phenotype on the Staphylococcus aureus bacterial carrier state].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature232387
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1988 Oct;(10):22-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1988
Author
A Ia Veselov
N V Malyshkina
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1988 Oct;(10):22-4
Date
Oct-1988
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - genetics
Carrier State - blood - microbiology
Humans
Medical Staff, Hospital
Phenotype
Siberia
Staphylococcal Infections - blood - microbiology
Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification
Abstract
326 employees of 4 medical institutions (1 regional hospital, 2 city hospitals and a maternity clinic) were examined for the presence of S. aureus carriership. Examinations were made every 3 months for 3 recent years. The results of these examinations were compared with the distribution of the blood groups in the AB0 system among the carriers. Constant and malignant carrier state was detected mainly in persons with blood group A.
PubMed ID
3218410 View in PubMed
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35 records – page 1 of 4.