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380 records – page 1 of 38.

Dystonia musculorum deformans. A genetic and clinical population study of 121 cases.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102795
Source
Acta Neurol Scand. 1966;42:Suppl 17:1-232
Publication Type
Article
Date
1966

High-risk occupations for breast cancer in the Swedish female working population

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature21005
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1999 Jun;89(6):875-881
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1999
  1 website  
Author
Pollán, M
Gustavsson, P
Author Affiliation
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, National Centre for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain. mpollan@isciii.es
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1999 Jun;89(6):875-881
Date
Jun-1999
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Breast Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Occupations - statistics & numerical data
Population Surveillance
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden - epidemiology
Women, Working
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate, for the period 1971 through 1989, occupation-specific risks of breast cancer among Swedish women employed in 1970. METHODS: Age-period standardized incidence ratios were computed. Log-linear Poisson models were fitted, with geographical area and town size taken into account. Risks were further adjusted for major occupational group, used as a proxy for socioeconomic status. Risk estimators were also calculated for women reporting the same occupation in 1960 and 1970. RESULTS: Most elevated risks among professionals, managers, and clerks were reduced when intragroup comparisons were carried out, indicating the confounding effect of socioeconomic status. Excess risks were found for pharmacists, teachers of theoretical subjects, schoolmasters, systems analysts and programmers, telephone operators, telegraph and radio operators, metal platers and coaters, and hairdressers and beauticians, as well as for women working in 1960 and 1970 as physicians, religious workers, social workers, bank tellers, cost accountants, and telephonists. CONCLUSIONS: While the high risks observed among professional, administrative, and clerical workers might be related to lower birth rates and increased case detection, excess risks found for telephone workers and for hairdressers and beauticians deserve further attention.
PubMed ID
10358678 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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An extensive outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by Salmonella newport. II. Some clinical observations on 488 hospitalized cases and the results of cultures

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature13631
Source
Acta Med Scand. 1965 Apr;177:437-444
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1965

Antimicrobial susceptibility of invasive group B streptococcal isolates from south-west Sweden 1988-2001.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature93989
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 2008;40(4):308-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Persson Elisabet
Berg Stefan
Bergseng HÃ¥kon
Bergh Kare
Valsö-Lyng Randi
Trollfors Birger
Author Affiliation
Department of Paediatrics, The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden. elisabet.person@vgregion.se
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 2008;40(4):308-13
Date
2008
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Microbial Sensitivity Tests - methods - standards
Middle Aged
Serotyping
Streptococcal Infections - epidemiology - microbiology
Streptococcus agalactiae - classification - drug effects - isolation & purification
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The antibiotic susceptibility of 297 invasive isolates of group B streptococci (GBS) to a panel of 12 antibiotics was analysed using the E-test. The isolates (from 123 neonates and 174 adults) were collected from south-west Sweden during the 2 periods 1988-1997 and 1998-2001. The breakpoints of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute were used. All isolates were sensitive to cefotaxime, meropenem, linezolid, vancomycin, moxifloxacin and quinupristin-dalfopristin. Two strains displayed a slightly decreased susceptibility to penicillin G (MIC 0.25 microg/ml) also when tested by the broth dilution method. Two per cent were resistant to erythromycin and 1% to clindamycin. Strains with intermediate sensitivity to erythromycin and clindamycin increased over the 2 study periods. 68% were resistant to doxycycline, and the resistance rate for doxycycline increased over the 2 study periods. No strain was resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Serotype V dominated among strains with intermediate susceptibility to erythromycin and clindamycin. There were no other relationships between serotypes and decreased sensitivity to any agent. There were no significant differences in susceptibility to any agent tested between strains isolated from neonates and adults. In conclusion, penicillins remain the drug of choice in the region but with the increasing rates of intermediate susceptibility to both erythromycin and clindamycin, antibiotic sensitivity analysis should be performed on the GBS isolates from penicillin-allergic patients.
PubMed ID
17918014 View in PubMed
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Chronic pain in a geographically defined general population: studies of differences in age, gender, social class, and pain localization.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature52841
Source
Clin J Pain. 1993 Sep;9(3):174-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1993
Author
H I Andersson
G. Ejlertsson
I. Leden
C. Rosenberg
Author Affiliation
Bromölla Health Centre, Sweden.
Source
Clin J Pain. 1993 Sep;9(3):174-82
Date
Sep-1993
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Chronic Disease
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pain - epidemiology - physiopathology - psychology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sex Factors
Social Class
Sweden
Work Capacity Evaluation
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To establish basic epidemiological data on chronic pain (duration > 3 months) in a defined population. Relationships between age, gender, and social class were tested. DESIGN: A survey of pain symptoms, including location, intensity, duration, and functional capacity, was conducted by means of a mail questionnaire. SETTING: General populations in two Swedish primary health care districts. Medical care was provided in a state health system. SUBJECTS: A random sample (from the population register) of 15% of the population aged 25-74 (n = 1,806). The response rate was 90%. OUTCOME MEASURES: Descriptive epidemiologic data in relation to objectives of the study. RESULTS: Without sex differences, 55% (95% confidence interval, 53-58%) of the population had perceived persistent pain for 3 months and 49% for 6 months. Among individuals with chronic pain, 90% localized their pain to the musculoskeletal system to a variable extent. Women experienced more multiple localizations of pain and had pain in the neck, shoulder, arm, and thigh to a greater extent than men. Prevalence of pain increased by age up to 50-59 years for both genders and then slowly decreased. The neck-shoulder area was the most common site of pain (30.2%), followed by the lower back (23.2%). Even in the youngest age groups more than one of four reported chronic pain. Blue-collar workers and employers (including farmers) reported chronic pain to a greater extent than other groups. In 13% of the population, manifest pain problems were associated with reduced functional capacity. CONCLUSION: Chronic pain symptoms are common but unevenly distributed in a general population. The results may influence planning and consultation in primary health care as well as warranting selective prevention activities.
PubMed ID
8219517 View in PubMed
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[The elderly and social change--An interdisciplinary study on Sweden in the 19th and 20th centuries]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature52935
Source
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie. 1984 Jan-Feb;17(1):6-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-Feb-1984
Author
Olsson, L
Source
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie. 1984 Jan-Feb;17(1):6-12
Date
Jan-Feb-1984
Language
German
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Conflict (Psychology)
English Abstract
Family
Female
Geriatrics - history
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Industry
Male
Rural Population
Social Change
Sweden
Urban Population
Abstract
This research report presents an overview of historical studies within the context of the interdisciplinary Swedish project on aging. The author discusses the project's conceptual framework and focuses on conflict theory and exchange theory as major models. The empirical studies concern changes in the provisions for old age and in the aging processes of the major social groups (farmers, rural proletarians, urban artisans and their wives, male and female industrial workers). The project aims at integrating a life course perspective in the analysis of social change. Class and gender are underlined as major forces in shaping the status of the aged in the last two centuries.
PubMed ID
6372280 View in PubMed
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A short overview of eHealth in Sweden

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature68850
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2004 Dec;63(4):317-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2004
  1 website  
Author
Olsson, S
Jarlman, O
Author Affiliation
National Expert to European Commission, Information Society Directorate-General, ICT for Health Unit, Brussels. silas.olsson@cec.eu.int
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2004 Dec;63(4):317-21
Date
Dec-2004
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Carelink
eHealth
Sweden
Telemedicine
Teleradiology
Abstract
In Sweden, the first known telemedicine trial took place around 1915, in the field of remote reading of ECG signals across the campus at Lund University. Sea-to-shore telemedicine started in the beginning of the 1920s from Sahlgren University Hospital, in Gothenburg, to Swedish vessels around the world, a service that is still operational today. This makes Sweden one of the pioneering countries in telemedicine.
PubMed ID
15709307 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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The tuberculin skin test in reaction to immunological in vitro reactions in BCG-vaccinated healthcare workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69411
Source
Eur Respir J. 2001 Aug;18(2):376-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2001
Author
H. Fjällbrant
M. Ridell
L O Larsson
Author Affiliation
Dept of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
Source
Eur Respir J. 2001 Aug;18(2):376-80
Date
Aug-2001
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
BCG Vaccine - immunology - therapeutic use
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Female
Health Personnel
Humans
In Vitro
Incidence
Interferon Type II - blood
Lymphocyte Activation
Male
Matched-Pair Analysis
Middle Aged
Predictive value of tests
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sweden - epidemiology
Tuberculin - immunology
Tuberculin Test
Tuberculosis - epidemiology - immunology - prevention & control
Abstract
The aim was to study the tuberculin skin test in relation to immunological in vitro reactions in bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-vaccinated healthcare workers. The present study was performed in Sweden, a country with a low incidence of tuberculosis, a high BCG vaccination efficacy and high tuberculin conversion rates. BCG-vaccinated healthcare workers (n=381) were tuberculin skin tested. From these, 11 subjects with negative tuberculin reactions ( or = 15 mm). Lymphocyte transformation and the production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) were analysed after stimulation in vitro of peripheral blood mononuclear cells with tuberculin purified protein derivative, heat-killed tubercle bacilli and a culture filtrate from tubercle bacilli. In the tuberculin-positive group the lymphocyte transformation response was 2-3 times larger, and IFN-gamma production was 7-10 times larger, than in the tuberculin-negative group (p
PubMed ID
11529299 View in PubMed
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Smoking initiation and cessation in relation to body fat distribution based on data from a study of Swedish women

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature67832
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1992 Feb;82(2):273-275
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1992
  1 website  
Author
Lissner, L
Bengtsson, C
Lapidus, L
Björkelund, C
Author Affiliation
Department of Primary Health Care, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1992 Feb;82(2):273-275
Date
Feb-1992
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Body Composition
Body mass index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Motivation
Obesity - diagnosis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Smoking - epidemiology - psychology
Smoking Cessation - psychology
Sweden - epidemiology
Weight Loss
Abstract
In a representative sample of Swedish women, smokers were significantly less obese than nonsmokers. However, a smoker was likely to have significantly more upper-body fat than a nonsmoker of similar body mass index. Women who quit smoking experienced less upper-body fat deposition than would be expected by their accompanying weight gain, suggesting that weight gained as a consequence of smoking cessation is not preferentially deposited in the region associated with increased cardiovascular risk.
PubMed ID
1739163 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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Unemployment and early cause-specific mortality: A study based on the Swedish twin registry

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature68262
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 2004 Dec;94(12):2155-2161
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2004
  1 website  
Author
Voss, M
Nylén, L
Floderus, B
Diderichsen, F
Terry, PD
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 12718, SE-112 94 Stockholm, Sweden. margaretha.voss@cns.ki.se
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 2004 Dec;94(12):2155-2161
Date
Dec-2004
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cause of Death
Female
Humans
Life Style
Male
Mortality
Personality
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological
Sweden - epidemiology
Unemployment
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between unemployment and early cause-specific mortality to determine whether the relationship was modified by other risk indicators. METHODS: Female and male twins (n=20632) were followed with regard to mortality from 1973 through 1996. Questionnaire data from 1973 were used to obtain information on experience of unemployment and on social, behavioral, health, and personality characteristics. RESULTS: Unemployment was associated with an increased risk of suicide and death from undetermined causes. Low education, personality characteristics, use of sleeping pills or tranquilizers, and serious or long-lasting illness tended to strengthen the association between unemployment and early mortality. CONCLUSIONS: An increased risk of death from external causes implies a need for support for those experiencing unemployment, particularly susceptible individuals.
PubMed ID
15569968 View in PubMed
Online Resources
Less detail

380 records – page 1 of 38.