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[Trends of infant and child mortality in the Russian Federation in the period of 1990-2012].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263908
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):31-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
A A Baranov
L S Namazova-Baranova
V Yu Albitsky
R N Terletskaya
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2014;(11-12):31-8
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cause of Death
Child
Child Mortality - trends
Child Welfare
Delivery of Health Care - standards - trends
Health Policy
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality - trends
Infant Welfare
Organizational Innovation
Policy Making
Quality Improvement
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Dynamics and causes of infant and child mortality in the Russian Federation in post-Soviet period (1990-2012) under conditions of demographic policy implementation and healthcare system reforming are presented.
Federal State Statistics Service's official statistics data (1990-2012) had been analyzed. The data was compared with similar rates of European Union countries.
It's been revealed that infant mortality decreased (more than in 2 times) (from 17.4 per thousand to 8.6 per thousand) through all its level indicators (early neonatal, neonatal, post-neonatal mortality) and due to almost all basic reasons (perinatal disorders, infectious diseases, respiratory diseases, congenital anomalies, accidents). Infant mortality rate in rural areas is higher (10.1 per thousand and 8.1 per thousand), however, the gap between rates in rural regions and in cities is decreasing. In Russian Federation the infant mortality has regional distinctions, thus Siberian and Far Eastern regions are the least advantaged areas. Mortality of children under 5y.o. is declining (from 21.3 per thousand to 10.6 per thousand), but its rate is still higher than in European Union countries (3.5 per thousand). External factors occupy the top position as a death cause of infants and toddlers; the number of clinical cases with a diagnosis of malignant neoplasm increases.
Thus, improving of the system of motherhood and childhood protection in the Russian Federation has resulted in significant reduction of infant and child mortality rate.
PubMed ID
25971124 View in PubMed
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[Effect of combination antihypertensive therapy on circadian blood pressure and metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263909
Source
Kardiologiia. 2014;54(11):20-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
M E Statsenko
M V Derevianchenko
O R Pastukhova
Source
Kardiologiia. 2014;54(11):20-4
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Amlodipine - administration & dosage - pharmacokinetics
Antihypertensive Agents - administration & dosage - pharmacokinetics
Biological Availability
Blood Glucose - metabolism
Blood Pressure - drug effects
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory
Circadian Rhythm - drug effects
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - blood - complications - drug therapy
Drug Combinations
Drug Monitoring
Female
Humans
Hypertension - blood - complications - diagnosis - drug therapy
Hypoglycemic agents - therapeutic use
Lipid Metabolism - drug effects
Lisinopril - administration & dosage - pharmacokinetics
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Russia
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
To assess effect of combined antihypertensive therapy with lisinopril and amlodipine on circadian blood pressure (BP), insulin resistance (IR), carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in patients with arterial hypertension (AH) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).
Combination of amlodipine (6.0±0.4 mg/day) and lisinopril (12.0±0.9 mg/day) was given to 30 patients (age 40-65 years) with stage I-II AH and DM type 2) for 24 weeks. All patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring. Parameter studied comprised glucose levels, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), basal insulin, lipid profile in the venous blood and insulin resistance (IR). All patients received glucose-lowering drugs and followed diet recommendations.
All patients achieved target BP values and concentrations of HbAlc. After 24 weeks of treatment the following parameters were significantly different from baseline values: mean systolic BP (SBP) (-15.6%), mean diastolic BP (DBP), (-16.2%), time index (pressure load--PL) SBP day (-50.1%), PL DBP day (-51.3), PL DBP night (-59.2%), SBP variability (-15.8%), values of morning SBP and DBP increase (both -41.8%), rates of morning rise of SBP (-74.1%) and DBP (-65.8%), percentage of patients with increased variability of SBP (-36.7%), of DBP (- 23.3%), of SBP day (-36.7%), of DBP day (-30.0%). Significant decreases of fasting blood glucose level (-22.1%), concentrations of total cholesterol (-8.8%), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (-15%), triglycerides (-4.4%), and metabolic index (-32.7%) were also observed.
In patients with hypertension and type 2 DM 24 week antihypertensive therapy with lisinopril and amlodipine significantly improved circadian blood pressure profile, reduced severity of IR without negative effect on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
PubMed ID
25902654 View in PubMed
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Development of children from urban and rural areas of West Siberia

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature31812
Source
Pages 618-622 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part II, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(4)
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2001
Children 60I2001 DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN FROM URBAN AND RURAL AREAS OF WEST SIBERIA Nadejda N. Grebneva,Alla B. Za9ainova,,and Ser9ei G. Krivoschelwv R Institute of Physiology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Setences Novosibirsk-Tyumen, Russia lntenJatJqaaJ
  1 document  
Author
Grebneva, N.N
Zagainova, A.B
Krivoschekov, S.G
Author Affiliation
Institute of Physiology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk-Tyumen. vmosyagin@tsu.tmn.ru
Source
Pages 618-622 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part II, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(4)
Date
Nov-2001
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Anthropometry
Body Weight
Child
Child Development - physiology
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
Female
Heart rate
Humans
Male
Respiration
Rural Population
Siberia
Urban Population
Abstract
Four hundred and twenty three Slavic children aged 4-9 were tested for age sex-tape related physiological features, the effects of residence (urban vs. rural), kindergarten or school establishments on physical development. The data obtained indicated that total body dimensions decreased in preschool and school age children from 1989-1999. Urban schoolchildren tended to be asthenic. Urban schoolchildren differed from the rural in their adaptation response to the standard step-test.
PubMed ID
11768443 View in PubMed
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Thiamine status in inhabitants of the Russian European North

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature31813
Source
Pages 466-468 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part II, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(4)
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2001
in the psycho-emotional sphere, emotional blandness, etc. We evaluated real organism provision by thiamine of healthy in- habitants of the European North of Russia during the last I 0 years. We used biochemical criteria - the activation of tran- sketolase, a thiamine-dependent enzyme in
  1 document  
Author
Bojko, E.R
Author Affiliation
Institute of Physiology, Komi Scientific Center Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pervomaiskaya
Source
Pages 466-468 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part II, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(4)
Date
Nov-2001
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Child
Continental Population Groups
Female
Humans
Male
Oceanic Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
Russia - epidemiology
Thiamine deficiency - blood - ethnology
Abstract
We evaluated real organism provision by thiamine of healthy inhabitants of the European North of Russia during the last 10 years. We used biochemical criteria: The activation of transketolase, a thiamine-dependent enzyme in erythrocytes, was studied.
PubMed ID
11768419 View in PubMed
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The ethnic and cultural features of course of alcoholism in indigenous peoples of the north of Khabrovsk territory

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature256643
Source
Page 433 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
  1 document  
Author
Lubov P
Author Affiliation
Regional Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North of Khabarovsk
Source
Page 433 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alcoholism
Suicides
Russian Federation
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral presentations. Chapter 10. Mental Health and Wellness.
Documents
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Influence of casual wear and everyday diet on health of the Inuit diet in Greenland

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature256657
Source
Pages 332-333 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
  1 document  
Author
Dekabrina V
Author Affiliation
Institute of Humanities and North Indigenous Peoples SB RAS
Source
Pages 332-333 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Clothing
Diet
Indigenous
Health
Students
Autotherapy
Synthetic clothing
Winter
Poverty
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral presentations. Chapter 8. Food Security and Our Environments.
Documents
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Cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors in the Asian part of Russia

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature257276
Source
Page 150 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AND THEIR RISK FACTORS IN THE ASIAN PART OF RUSSIA Y. Nikitin Institute of lntemal Medicine Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medical Science Siberia and the Far East is part of the Russian Federation with a population of over 30 million of people. The most of the
  1 document  
Author
Nikitin Y
Author Affiliation
Institute of Internal Medicine Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medical Science
Source
Page 150 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Russia
Cardiovascular disease
Mortality
Death
Hypertension
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral Presentations. Chapter 3. Chronic Diseases.
Documents
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[Results of a dynamic study on the status of health and nutrition of a Siberian vegan settlement]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature31993
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2001;70(4):7-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
I L Medkova
L I Mosiakina
L S Biriukova
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2001;70(4):7-12
Date
2001
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Body Weight
Calcium - blood
Child
Comparative Study
Copper - blood
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Diet, Vegetarian
English Abstract
Health status
Humans
Iron - blood
Lipids - blood
Lipoproteins, HDL Cholesterol - blood
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Siberia
Time Factors
Vitamin B 12 - blood
Zinc - blood
Abstract
In 1996 for the first time a study of state of health, living conditions and nutrition status of 84 persons from the Siberian settlement of the rigorous vegetarians--vegans and 26 aboriginal inhabitants who feed on a traditional mixed diet was carried out. The clinical and laboratory investigations are kept. The positive influencing vegan ration on a serum lipids, body weight, state of cardiovascular system was showed. The contents of vitamin B12 and serum iron in vegans was in normal physiological range. The level of blood calcium was reduced in comparison with control. Increased contents of copper and zinc in blood was marked both in vegans and in control group. The repeated examination of 77 vegans of the same settlement in 1999 has revealed positive alterations in serum lipids: augmentation of cholesterol of high density lipoproteins on the average on 54.3%, that result in a reliable decrease of atherogenicity coefficient. The decrease to normal amounts of blood copper and zinc, and also increase of blood calcium on the average on 16% was marked. However level of calcium remained below than physiological values.
PubMed ID
11550461 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Pages 300-304 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part I, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2001
Mental diseases and addiction 601200 l ANTISMOKING ACTIVITY IN NOVOSIBIRSK N V.Alexeeva and O.L. Alexeev Institute of Internal Medicine, Novosibirsk. Russia T ABSTRACT The prevalence of smoking is very high and growing in Siberia. Three population surveys carried out by the
  1 document  
Author
Alexeeva, N.V
Alexeev, O.L
Author Affiliation
Institute of Internal Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia. zima_iim@issa.nsc.ru
Source
Pages 300-304 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part I, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(2)
Date
Apr-2001
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Health promotion - organization & administration - standards
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Program Evaluation
Siberia - epidemiology
Smoking - epidemiology - prevention & control
Smoking Cessation
Tobacco
Abstract
The prevalence of smoking is very high and growing in Siberia. Three population surveys carried out by the Institute of Internal medicine within the framework of the MONICA project (WHO) during 1988-1995 revealed that 59% of the men and 11% of the women aged 25-64 are smokers (2). The number of smokers among children is also growing: 21% of girls and 40% of boys aged 14-17 are smokers (1). Tobacco product advertising is widespread in the city. Cheap cigarettes of bad quality are easily available for the population. The economic situation in the region makes it difficult for people to pay for specialised treatment. That is why new methods of smoking prevention should be found. The main components of our work are: involving local decision-makers in the activity, educating the population, work with mass media, epidemiological studies, international Quit & Win campaigns.
PubMed ID
11507986 View in PubMed
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Socio-economic and school factors of psychological and physical health in Siberian schoolchildren

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature32031
Source
Pages 268-274 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part I, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2001
Problems, while higher attainment could be connected with somatisation anRussia tus, sclw<>I adjustment, emotntruiJ·anJ behavioural
  1 document  
Author
Knyazev, G.G
Slobodskaya, H.R
Safronova, M.V
Savina, N.N
Author Affiliation
State Research Institute of Physiology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia. G.G.Knyazev@iph.ma.nsc.ru
Source
Pages 268-274 in P. Bjerregaard et al., eds. Part I, Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Harstad, Norway, June 5-9, 2000. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2001;60(2)
Date
Apr-2001
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Adolescent
Behavior problems
Child
Child Behavior
Emotional problems
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Mental health
School adjustment
Siberia - epidemiology
Social Class
Abstract
Cultural influences on psychological and physical health were examined in a sample of Russian schoolchildren in Novosibirsk. To evaluate the children's behaviour the translated short form of the Child Behaviour Checklist was given out to mothers. A School Adjustment Scale and the Rutter Teacher Questionnaire were completed by teachers and one total score was derived from the Rutter Health Questionnaire for children. Children from disturbed families had worse school adjustment and more behavioural problems. Acute respiratory diseases were more frequent in children from large families, while the mother's education level was a protective factor. Academic attainment was positively related to parents' education, CBCL Somatic Complaints and the occurrence of psychosomatic and inflammatory diseases, and negatively related to Externalising Problems. The CBCL Somatic complaints score was the key variable in the prediction of most physical health variables. Overall, the findings show the significance of academic attainment for a child's physical and psychological health. Low academic attainment tends to be connected with Externalising Problems, while higher attainment could be connected with somatisation and physical illness.
PubMed ID
11507981 View in PubMed
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487 records – page 1 of 49.