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508 records – page 1 of 51.

[Prevalence of tuberculosis in the personnel of antituberculosis institutions in Russian Federation].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216284
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1995;(6):5-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1995
Author
L P Kapkov
V A Magnitskii
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1995;(6):5-7
Date
1995
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Hospitals, Special
Humans
Medical Staff, Hospital
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Russia
Tuberculosis - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Abstract
Questionnaires were distributed among all the heads of regional antituberculous services in Russia as to cases of tuberculosis among medical personnel in contact with tuberculous patients. The results of this study as well as programs to control tuberculosis in medical personnel are presented. Special measures of social support for those at occupational risk of tuberculosis are detailed.
PubMed ID
8524775 View in PubMed
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Cancer incidence and mortality in Chukotka, 1997-2010.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature115336
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2013;72:20470
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Cancer incidence and mortality in Chukotka, 1997�2010 Alexey A. Dudarev1*, Valery S. Chupakhin1 and Jon Øyvind Odland2 1Hygiene Department, Northwest Public Health Research Centre, St. Petersburg, Russia; 2AMAP Secretariat, Tromso University, Tromso, Norway Objectives. The general aim was to
  1 document  
Author
Alexey A Dudarev
Valery S Chupakhin
Jon Øyvind Odland
Author Affiliation
Hygiene Department, Northwest Public Health Research Centre, St. Petersburg, Russia. alexey.d@inbox.ru
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2013;72:20470
Date
2013
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
File Size
160974
Keywords
Age Distribution
Arctic Regions - epidemiology
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Neoplasms - classification - ethnology - mortality
Russia - epidemiology
Sex Distribution
Abstract
The general aim was to assess cancer incidence and mortality among the general population of Chukotka in 1997-2010 and to compare it with the population of Russia.
Cancer data were abstracted from the annual statistical reports of the P.A. Hertzen Research Institute of Oncology in Moscow. The annual number and percent of cases, crude and age-standardized cancer incidence (ASIR) and mortality (ASMR) rates per 100,000 among men and women in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug were determined for the period 1997-2010 for incidence and 1999-2010 for mortality. Two years' data were aggregated to generate temporal trends during the period. In age-standardization, the Segi-Doll world standard population used by the International Agency for Research on Cancer was used.
The higher incidence and mortality rate of cancer (all sites combined) among men compared to women, which was observed in Russia nationally, was reflected also in Chukotka, although the difference between men and women was not statistically significant. Overall, the patterns of cancer sites are similar between Chukotka and Russia, with cancer of the lung/trachea/bronchus and stomach occupying the top ranks among men. Oesophageal cancer is common in Chukotka but not in Russia, whereas prostate cancer is common in Russia but not in Chukotka. Among women, breast cancer is either the commonest or second commonest cancer in terms of incidence or mortality in both Chukotka and Russia. Cancer of the lung/trachea/bronchi ranks higher in Chukotka than in Russia. The rate of cancer incidence and mortality for all sites combined during the 13-year period was relatively stable in Russia. Dividing the period into two halves, an increase among both men and women was observed in Chukotka for all sites combined, and also for colorectal cancer.
This paper presents previously unavailable cancer epidemiological data on Chukotka. They provide a basis for comparative studies across circumpolar regions and countries. With its small population, cancer rates in Chukotka tend to be highly unstable and fluctuate widely from year to year. Even when aggregated over a decade or more, only broad conclusions regarding patterns and trends can be made regarding some of the commonest cancer sites, or with all sites combined. Chukotka experienced substantial social and economic dislocations during the period under study, which could conceivably affect risk factor distribution and the quality of medical care.
PubMed ID
23518507 View in PubMed
Documents
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[Monitoring the nutritional status of the residents of St. Petersburg].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270347
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2015;84(3):58-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
2015
Author
V A Dotsenko
I A Kononenko
Lv Mosiychuk
S A Dolotov
O V Khoritonenko
Source
Vopr Pitan. 2015;84(3):58-63
Date
2015
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Female
Food Preferences
Humans
Male
Meals
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Russia
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to analyze the diet of the population of St. Petersburg from different social and age groups and justify organizational-methodological ways to improve it. 1200 inhabitants 18 years old and over (674 women, 526 men) were interviewed using questionnaires. One-third of St. Petersburg population did not adhere to the recommended 3-4 meals per day, taking meal 2 times per day or less (21.7%) or 5 times per day or more (11.3%). The young (18-29 years old) and socially active residents 1.5-2fold more likely than pensioners (13.8%) fed 2 times per day. Women 2.2 fold more frequently than men fed 5 times per day. Young people (20%) and socially active persons (24.4%) prefer not to have breakfast or take it 2-3 times per week compared with 9.6% pensioners. Supper as the main mealtimes called 27.8% women, that is 1.4 fold more likely than men. Thus, a great part of the population in the young and socially active adulthood violates proper diet, and women more often as compared to men. This can lead to disruption of the metabolic processes, increasing the risk of nutrition-related diseases, a decrease of efficiency and reduced life expectancy. This raises the feasibility of establishing of healthy eating offices based on health centers or clinics in St. Petersburg.
PubMed ID
26863807 View in PubMed
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[Therapeutic activity of micronized mebendazole in the muscular phase of experimental Trichinella Spiralis invasion in albino mice].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270392
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2015 Oct-Dec;(4):36-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
I V Kukhaleva
F P Kovalenko
N A Shkolyar
Yu A Legonkov
A Kh Musaev
T E Bulanova
E I Samochatova
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2015 Oct-Dec;(4):36-9
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Albendazole - administration & dosage
Animals
Humans
Larva - drug effects - pathogenicity
Mebendazole - administration & dosage
Mice
Russia
Trichinella spiralis - drug effects - pathogenicity
Trichinellosis - drug therapy - parasitology
Abstract
The incidence of trichinosis in Russia was 0.07 per 100,000 population in 2014, which was 2.9-fold higher than that in 2013. Two WHO recommended medications mebendazole and albendazole are now used to treat humari trichinosis. The drugs are active against only mature helminths and non-encysted muscle larvae. The original oil suspension of micronized mebendazole was.found to have 100% efficacy against trichinosis in albino mice in the late muscular phase (encysted larvae) of hyperinvasion after intensive therapy under lifetime diagnostic guidance during and after a treatment cycle. The lifetime diagnostic method used to evaluate the larvicidal activity of anti-trichinosis agents in animals with experimental trichinosis revealed the signs of viaility, established a trend for deatih of Trichinella larvae, and determined their destructive changes.
PubMed ID
26827586 View in PubMed
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[Role of animals and human beings in the spread of trichinosis in the Kursk Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature270394
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2015 Oct-Dec;(4):26-30
Publication Type
Article
Author
N A Vagin
N S Malysheva
N A Samofalova
E A Vlasov
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 2015 Oct-Dec;(4):26-30
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Animals, Wild - classification - parasitology
Humans
Mammals - parasitology
Russia
Trichinella - pathogenicity
Trichinellosis - epidemiology - parasitology - transmission
Abstract
Trichinosis is natural focal invasion in the Kursk Region. Porkworms (Trichinella) circulate in natural biocenoses among wild carnivorous mammals, wild boars, and rodents. Trichinosis cases are recorded in synanthropic animals. Carnivorous mammals form the basis for the parasitic system of trichinosis. The animals are infected with Trichinella through carnivorism, necrophagy, and cannibalism. The transport Trichinella vectors, necrophagous insects, naturally play an insignificant role-in the spread of trichinosis. Trichinella infection in animals occurs more commonly through necrophagia and cannibaism during winter months. Not only animals, but also man, play a great role in the spread of trichinosis. Infested wild and synanthropic aninals inhabiting the Kursk Region may carry the risk for Trichinella infection in the population.
PubMed ID
26827582 View in PubMed
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"From Larrey to Mills": the road to rapid rewarming--a commentary.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature190356
Source
Wilderness Environ Med. 1998;9(4):223-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
Author
B C Paton
Source
Wilderness Environ Med. 1998;9(4):223-5
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Frostbite - history - therapy
History, 20th Century
Humans
Military Personnel
Rewarming - history
Russia
War
Notes
Comment On: Wilderness Environ Med. 1998 Winter;9(4):226-4711990197
PubMed ID
11990196 View in PubMed
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[Comparative data on cutaneous tuberculin sensitivity and tuberculosis morbidity in children during the early period of the primary infection during 1945-1950 and 1960-1965 (according to the archives and clinical data of the Zakarpatskii regional antituberculosis dispensary)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature44858
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1967;45(5):8-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
1967
Author
V V Kasarda
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1967;45(5):8-11
Date
1967
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Humans
Tuberculin Test
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology
Ukraine
PubMed ID
5306597 View in PubMed
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The nutritional status of the elderly in Russia, 1992 through 1994.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature212586
Source
Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):355-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1996
Author
B M Popkin
N. Zohoori
A. Baturin
Author Affiliation
Nutrition Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.
Source
Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):355-60
Date
Mar-1996
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Dietary Fats
Female
Food Habits
Humans
Income - trends
Inflation, Economic - trends
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritional Status
Russia
Socioeconomic Factors
Weight Loss
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to ascertain how economic reform has affected nutritional well-being of the elderly in the Russian Federation.
A sample of more than 2932 Russians 60 years of age and older was selected from a nationally representative survey of Russian households. A 24-hour dietary recall and data on weight, height, and socioeconomic status were collected during 1992 and 1993 and from a separate nationally representative sample of 1955 persons in the same age group in 1994.
Russia's elderly did not experience major declines in economic or nutritional well-being during the first 2 years of the reform period. Dietary composition shifted slightly toward reduced fat consumption. A small proportion of individuals showed signs of underweight. Of those who were underweight in 1992, none had lost more than 3 kg of weight by 1993. Among those 70 years of age and older, none who were underweight had lost any appreciable weight, although half lost small amounts.
Many more underweight elderly people increased than reduced their weight. Mean weight increased among all body mass index groups over the year reported here. However, economic conditions in December 1994 raise concerns.
Notes
Cites: Eur J Clin Nutr. 1988 Dec;42(12):969-813148462
Cites: Eur J Clin Nutr. 1991 Dec;45 Suppl 3:31-421809567
Cites: BMJ. 1992 May 30;304(6839):1432-41628025
Cites: World Health Stat Q. 1992;45(1):15-281413854
Cites: JAMA. 1994 Jul 20;272(3):205-118022039
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 1994 Mar-Apr;10(2):1188037931
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 1994 Mar-Apr;10(2):65-708037933
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 1994 Mar-Apr;10(2):71-68037934
Comment In: Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):299-3018604749
PubMed ID
8604760 View in PubMed
Less detail

Determining the Nutritional Status of the Elderly in post-cold war Russia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature212590
Source
Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):299-301
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1996
Author
M J Toole
M. Serdula
Source
Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):299-301
Date
Mar-1996
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Female
Humans
Male
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status
Research Design
Russia
Weight Loss
Notes
Cites: JAMA. 1994 Jul 20;272(3):205-118022039
Cites: Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):355-608604760
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 1990 Mar;150(3):665-722310286
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Dec;52(6):1125-332239790
Cites: Ann Intern Med. 1993 Oct 1;119(7 Pt 2):744-88363209
Cites: Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):361-78604761
Cites: Am J Prev Med. 1994 Mar-Apr;10(2):71-68037934
Cites: Bull World Health Organ. 1994;72(4):569-797923536
Cites: JAMA. 1995 May 24-31;273(20):1569-737745761
Comment On: Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):361-78604761
Comment On: Am J Public Health. 1996 Mar;86(3):355-608604760
PubMed ID
8604749 View in PubMed
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[The skin tuberculin sensitivity of students at the Astrakhan Medical Institute and its dynamics over the course of 36 years (1957-1993)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature213150
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1996;(4):9-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
1996
Author
L A Vinnik
V D Pushkareva
E M Malkin
L Ia Letichevskii
E N Strel'tsova
B G Zhivotovskii
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1996;(4):9-11
Date
1996
Language
Russian
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Humans
Russia
Sensitivity and specificity
Students, Medical - statistics & numerical data
Time Factors
Tuberculin Test - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
More than 10,000 first-to-sixth year students have undergone the Mantoux test (MT) for 36 years. Before 1980, the tuberculin sensitivity of the students declined rapidly (as high as 3% per year), then more slowly (1%), persons with tuberculin hypersensitivity reduced in number, and the previously observed rise in the proportion of tuberculin-positive persons among the first-to-second year students becoming fourth-to-sixth year ones. Recently, the number of MT-positive students has stopped increasing, but there has been a growth in the share of persons with an indurate of MT with 2 TE in 10-20 min (from 36.1e4.0 to 51.3e4.0%) with the still permanent proportion of tuberculin-hypersensitive students and without any increase in the incidence of tuberculosis among pupils. The authors hold that this phenomenon is the first sign of poor epidemiology. In this connection, they consider that mass MT with 2 TE performed in individuals with an indurate of above 10 mm is noteworthy as this is a growth index of the specific sensitization of the population and they are to be systematically tested.
PubMed ID
9026819 View in PubMed
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508 records – page 1 of 51.