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[Clinical features and genetics studies of Finnish variant late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in two families].
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2018 Aug 02; 56(8):601-604
Publication Type
Journal Article
Z Z Zhou
X Z Li
J Cheng
W Zhang
C H Zeng
Y T Lin
Y X Shao
Y L Huang
L Liu
Author Affiliation
Department of Genetics and Endocrinology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou 510623, China.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2018 Aug 02; 56(8):601-604
Publication Type
Journal Article
Brain - pathology
Child, Preschool
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neuronal Ceroid-Lipofuscinoses - complications - diagnosis - genetics
Retrospective Studies
Objective: To report clinical feature and results of genetic analysis of 3 patients from 2 families with Finnish variant late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Methods: The clinical and ultrastructural features of 3 patients with progressive neurodegenerative diseases were retrospectively analyzed from October 2014 to December 2016 in Department of Genetics and Endocrinology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center. The whole exon sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the molecular genetics of the patients and their parents. Results: The probands were 11 years and 3 moths, 9 years and 1 month,10 years and 1 month old. All were normal at birth, and from 5-6 years old they began to develop "regression of cognition and motion, impaired vision". Physical examination at the first consultation: clear minded butignorant, unable to speak and understand instructions, unable to stand up and sit alone, unable to maintain postureupright. The brain magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) indicated diffuse cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, white matter damage. Blood biochemistry, lactic acid, acid-base balancewere normal. Electron microscopic examination of peripheral blood lymphocytes showed swelling of the nucleus, autophagy, intracellular massive deposits and abnormal vacuoles. Two compound heterozygous c.334C> T (p.Arg112Cys) and c.595C> T (p.Arg199Ter) mutations of CLN5 gene were identified in the two siblings, and the proband 3 was c.335G> A (p.Arg199His) homozyousmutation, which were inherited from their unaffected parents. Conclusions: The 3 cases with Finnish variant late infantileneuronal ceroid lipofuscinosises were normal at birth, cognitive and motor function was regressed at preschool age.Brain MRI showed whole brain atrophy, white matter lesions, there were no bovious difference from other neurodegenerative diseases. Blood biochemistry and pathological examination of lymphocytes had no specific changes. The pathogenic genes were CLN5,most are inherited in autosomal recessive way.
??: ????????????????????????????????? ??: ???????2014?10??2016?12????????????????????????????2???3?????????????????????????,???????????Sanger??????????????????? ??: ?????11?3?????9?1?????10?1????,??????,5~6??????????????,?????????????:???,?????,????,??????,????,????????,????;?????????:????,?????;??????????????????????????:?????,????,?????????????????CLN5??????2??????c.334C>T(p.Arg112Cys)?c.595C>T(p.Arg199Ter)??????,?1??c.335G>A(p.Arg112His)????,?????????? ??: ????????????????????????,?????????????,????????????????????,??????????????????,?????CLN5??,???????????.
PubMed ID
30078242 View in PubMed
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