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Association of the FTO gene variant (rs9939609) with cardiovascular disease in men with abnormal glucose metabolism--the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature144157
Source
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2011 Sep;21(9):691-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2011
Author
Lappalainen T
Kolehmainen M
Schwab US
Tolppanen AM
Stancáková A
Lindström J
Eriksson JG
Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi S
Aunola S
Ilanne-Parikka P
Herder C
Koenig W
Gylling H
Kolb H
Tuomilehto J
Kuusisto J
Uusitupa M
Author Affiliation
School of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Department of Clinical Nutrition and Food and Health Research Centre, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland. tiina.lappalainen@uef.fi
Source
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2011 Sep;21(9):691-8
Date
Sep-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Blood Glucose - analysis - metabolism
C-Reactive Protein - analysis
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - genetics - pathology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Genotype
Glucose Intolerance - genetics
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Proteins - genetics - metabolism
Risk factors
Abstract
The common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) gene has been consistently associated with an increased risk of obesity. We investigated whether the SNP rs9939609 (T/A) of the FTO is associated with risk factors of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including serum levels of C - reactive protein (CRP), the chemokine RANTES (Regulated on Activation, Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted; CCL5), and serum and lipoprotein lipids in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DPS). Furthermore, we examined whether the rs9939609 increased the CVD risk in the DPS and if these results could be replicated in a larger cross-sectional population-based random sample of Finnish men (the METSIM).
In the DPS, altogether 490 (BMI=25kg/m(2)) subjects with impaired glucose tolerance were genotyped for rs9939609. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality data were collected during the median follow-up of 10.2 years. The replication study was a population-based cross-sectional study of 6214 men. In the DPS, the AA genotype of rs9939609 was associated, independently of BMI, with increased RANTES (p=0.002) and decreased HDL cholesterol concentrations (p=0.007) in men. During the follow-up, the AA genotype was associated with an adjusted 2.09-fold risk (95% CI 1.17-3.73, p=0.013) of CVD in men. In the METSIM Study, the association with a history of myocardial infarction was replicated in the subgroup of men with type 2 diabetes.
We suggest that the variation in the FTO gene may contribute to the development of CVD in men with an abnormal glucose metabolism.
PubMed ID
20400278 View in PubMed
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