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An Outbreak of poliomyelitis in Canadian Eskimos in wintertime.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature1931
Source
Canadian Journal of Public Health. 40(10):405-417.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1949
Author
Peart AF
Rhodes AJ
et al.
Author Affiliation
Department of National Health and Welfare (Canada)
Source
Canadian Journal of Public Health. 40(10):405-417.
Date
1949
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Chesterfield Inlet
Eskimo Point
Poliomyelitis
Canada
Disease Outbreaks
Humans
Inuits
Notes
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2001.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 769.
PubMed ID
15391988 View in PubMed
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Source
Page 380 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
THE ARCTIC SOCIAL INDICATORS PROJECT 5. lrlbacher-Fox, J.N. Larsen, Steffanson Arctic Institute, et al. Arctic Social Indicators Working Group The Arctic Social Indicators (ASI) project is a project following up on the activities of the Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR), and is
  1 document  
Author
S. Irlbacher-Fox
J.N. Larsen
Steffanson Arctic Institute, et al.
Author Affiliation
Arctic Social Indicators Working Group
Source
Page 380 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Iceland
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Posters. Chapter 9. Indigenous Health and Wellbeing.
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A comparison, under Arctic survival conditions, of a pemmican-type meat bar with an isocaloric ration of sucrose plus electrolytes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298791
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Alaska Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-65-11. 9 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
November 1965
. Setliff Alan C. Buck, et al November 1965 ARCTIC AEROMEDICAL LABORATORY AEROSPACE MEDICAL DIVISION AIR FORCE SYSTEMS COMMAND· FORT WAINWRIGHT, ALASKA ~ it:! a.: ~ -J.c ... ---l t' ·-; ·---:--;:~ ~~.:.:-; .. : ... ,;,.,.,_~ ..,.,. .. '-· NOTICES When US Government drawings
  1 document  
Author
Rogers, Terence A.
Setliff, James A.
Buck, Alan C.
et al.
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Alaska Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-65-11. 9 p.
Date
November 1965
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
648801
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Diet
Pemmican
Arctic survival
Electrolyte supplementation
Sucrose
Sodium salt
Metabolism
Abstract
Previous work has shown that several of the deleterious effects of a fasting, arctic survival situation can be ameliorated by provision of supplemental sodium and as little as 500 kcal/day as sucrose. The basis of current arctic survival ration is "pemmican" or a meat bar composed of powdered lean meat mixed with fat. The present experiment compares, under survival conditions, metabolic changes in men fasting completely, men receiving sucrose and electrolyte supplements, and men receiving the meat bar. Eighteen men divided into three groups of six men each, ate a standard diet of USAF IF#10 rations in barracks for two days, then underwent a seven-day simulated survival situation. Group A received no supplement; B received 500 kcal as sucrose daily, plus 150 mEq NaCl on day 1 and 150 mEq NaHCO3 on days 2 - 7; C received 500 kcal as meat bar. Mean % weight losses were: Group A, 7.64; Group B, 5.72; Group C, 6.92. Total ketone excretions were respectively 23.7, 2.7, and 11.7 gm. Sodium "balances" were, respectively -249, -388, and -240 mEq. Isocaloric intake of pemmican at this level did not appear to have any great advantage over simple starvation, whereas sucrose with a sodium salt supplement prevented or ameliorated some of the symptoms of starvation. It was concluded that although the caloric density and high protein content of pemmican are advantageous to fully-fed men, pemmican is inferior to sucrose plus sodium salts for severly limited calorie regime.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.65-11
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Employment of cross circulation and multiple heat exchangers to induce deep hypothermia. Its use in the study of central nervous system changes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297175
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report AAL-TDR-64-37.
Publication Type
Report
Date
September 1965
Author
Lesage, A.M.
Lee, J.M.
Ottolenghi, A.D.
et al.
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report AAL-TDR-64-37.
Date
September 1965
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
Keywords
Hypothermia
Central Nervous System
Circulation
Heat
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Histologic study of the effects of profound hypothermia on spinal cord of the dog.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298781
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Alaska Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-64-35. 31 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
August 1965
REF ALASKA RC 955 .U9 no.64-35 1965 COPY 1 AAL-TR-64-35 HISTOLOGIC STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF PROFOUND HYPOTHERMIA ON SPINAL CORD OF THE DOG Charlene M. Nelson, Talmage L. Peele Maurice A. Lesage, et al. August 1965 ARCTIC AEROMEDICAL LABORATORY AEROSPACE MEDICAL DIVISION AIR
  1 document  
Author
Nelson, Charlene M.
Peele, Talmage L.
Lesage, Maurice A.
et al.
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Alaska Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-64-35. 31 p.
Date
August 1965
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
2305437
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Animals
Dogs
Cold Temperature
Exposure
Hypothermia
Spinal Cord
Ischemia
Abstract
A study was made of the microscopic effects of profound hypothermia on spinal cord of the dog. Samples of cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral cord levels of three normal and eight experimental dogs were examined. In the experimental sections the axons and myelin were apparently unaltered, and the number of anterior horn cells was within normal limits. Changes in the experimental sections included the appearance of slight to moderate chromatolysis, hyperchromic, pyknotic neurons, and most commonly, gliosis, which was more evident in the lumbar and sacral cord levels. The findings of the present study were in agreement with the results other authors have reported in studies on ischemia by vascular occlusion. Although the alterations found in the spinal cords of the experimental dogs were not extensive, it is believed that these animals had been subjected to a condition of mild ischemia.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.64-35
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The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project: community participation in a diabetes primary prevention research project.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76584
Source
Pages 370-374 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1998
The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project: Community Participation in a Diabetes Primary Prevention Research Project Alex M. McComber1, Ann C. Macaulay2•3, Rhonda Kirby1, Serge Desrosiers4, Edward J. Cross1, Chantal Saad-Haddad2, et al. 1 Kahnawake Education Center, Kahnawake
  1 document  
Author
McComber, A. M.
Macaulay, A. C.
Kirby, R.
Desrosiers, S.
Cross, E. J.
Saad-Haddad, C.
et al.
Author Affiliation
Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project
Source
Pages 370-374 in R. Fortuine et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 96. Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Anchorage, Alaska, 1996. Int J Circumpolar Health. 1998;57 Supp 1.
Date
1998
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Canada
Child health
Cultural values
Health education programs
Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project
Mohawk Indians
NIDDM
Documents
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[Meta-analysis of association between pentachlorophenol exposure and cancer risk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156427
Source
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2008 Mar;37(2):151-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2008
Author
Weiwei Zheng
Ying Zhou
Weidong Qu
Hao Zhang
et al
Author Affiliation
Key Laboratory of the Public Health and Safety, Ministry of Education, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.
Source
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2008 Mar;37(2):151-4
Date
Mar-2008
Language
Chinese
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada - epidemiology
Colorectal Neoplasms - epidemiology - mortality
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Humans
Kidney Neoplasms - epidemiology - mortality
Neoplasms - epidemiology - mortality
Pentachlorophenol - toxicity
Risk factors
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
The epidemiological data based on the exposure of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and cancer incidence and mortality were analyzed to study the relationship between PCP exposure and cancer risk.
According to the online search of relevant literatures, Poisson regression was used to analyze mortality rates for major cancer sites and fixed-effect model was employed to assess cancer SMR. The dose-response relationship between PCP exposure and cancer risk was also analyzed.
Major cancer mortality rates of exposure populations researched in American and Canadian studies were approximate to or lower than national male cancer mortality rates respectively. The incidence rate of colorectal cancer in occupational exposure population was over 16.4 times in comparison with the population exposed from to drinking water and food. The pooled SMR value of kidney cancer was 1.34 (95% CI 1.02-1.77). The pooled RR for major cancer mortality increased with the rise of PCP exposure level.
A potential dose-response relationship between PCP exposure and cancer risk could exist. In comparison with to the population to exposed from the drinking water and food, the risk of colorectal cancer in occupational exposure population was higher. PCP may be one of the risk factors of the kidney cancer in occupational exposure population.
PubMed ID
18589595 View in PubMed
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Salmonella anatum: report of an Alaskan outbreak.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297287
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-66-5.
Publication Type
Report
Date
May 1966
  1 document  
Author
Butler, Clifford E.
Miller, Wayne L.
Marrow, Charles T.
et al.
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-66-5.
Date
May 1966
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
856655
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska
Humans
Salmonella anatum
Gastroenteritis
Ampicillin
Abstract
In the central part of Alaska, gastroenteritis is a perennial problem, with the incidence rate reaching almost epidemic proportions in the early summer and early autumn. The causative agents appear to be both viral and bacterial. In 1964 during the autumn epidemic, Salmonella anatum invaded the University of Alaska campus along with a probable viral infection. Approximately 300 students developed symptoms of gastroenteritis during this outbreak but only a very small percentage became acutely ill. Thirty-five students and eight food handlers were found to be infected with Salmonella anatum. A therapeutic history of the outbreak showed Polycillin (ampicillin) to be very effective in eradicating the organisms from the patients.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.66-5
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Studies in experimental frostbite; the effect of heparin in preventing gangrene.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature293934
Source
Surgery. 1947 Dec;22(6):900-9.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1947
Author
Shumacker HB Jr
White BH
et al.
Source
Surgery. 1947 Dec;22(6):900-9.
Date
1947
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Frostbite
Gangrene
Heparin
Humans
PubMed ID
20271797 View in PubMed
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Tolerance of puppies to circulatory arrest during surface induced hypothermia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297284
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-66-8.
Publication Type
Report
Date
June 1966
~EF ALASKA RC 955 I I U9 no.66-8 1966 COPY 1 AAL -TR - 66 - 8 TOLERANCE OF PUPPIES TO CIRCULATORY ARREST DUR I NG SCRFACE I NDUCED HYPOTHERMIA S. Ikeda A. Lesage G. Young, Jr . , et al June 1966 AER OMEDICAL LABORATORY ARCTIC AEROSPACE MEDICAL DIVISION AIR FORCE SYSTEMS
  1 document  
Author
Ikeda, S.
Lesage, A.
Young, G., Jr.
et al
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-66-8.
Date
June 1966
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
902352
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Animals
Puppies
Tolerance
Circulatory arrest
Surface induce hypothermia
Immersion cooling
Eucapnic
Hypercapnic
Ventricular Fibrillation
Abstract
Studies were made of the tolerance of 64 puppies (5-10 weeks old, weighing 1. 5-3 kg} to varying periods of circulatory arrest when cooled to 16° - 18° C. Anesthesia was induced with intravenous injection of sodium pentothal; puppies were then intubated and a mechanical respirator attached using a tidal volume of 44 cc/kg and a rate of 18 per minute. The right femoral artery was cannulated for recording blood pressure and taking blood samples. Cooling was induced by immersion in ice. A bilateral anterior thoracotomy permitted inflow occlusion by clamping of both cavae and ligation of the azygos vein. After periods of circulatory arrest, the venae cavae were released and rewarming accomplished by irrigating the chest cavity with 40° C normal saline solution, and by external means, until esophageal temperature reached 37° C. Control thoracotomy dogs showed 80% survival after bilateral thoracotomy. Eucapnic dogs showed 39% survival after 20 - 40 minutes inflow occlusion. Most common cause of death was circulatory collapse which appeared on rewarming when esophageal temperature reached 27 - 30° C. Hypercapnic dogs, ventilated with 5% C02 and 95% 02 gas mixture, had survival rate of 78% (14/18). It was possible to induce and revert hypothermia in puppies 6-8 weeks old without difficulty. Key to the technique is first warming the heart through the open chest, which permits equitable distribution of warm blood by a forceful warm heart. The time limit set by use of immersion cooling for circulatory arrest in small subjects is still not sufficient to permit complicated intracardiac surgical procedures. However, use of this technique for induction of cold and 30 minutes or so of circulatory arrest, followed by a simple perfusion technique for rewarming and prolongation of the period of bypass, is a possibility that needs to be explored further.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.66-8
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