AIM: The aim was to evaluate the pattern of responsiveness and to monitor side effects of episodic administration of infliximab in children with active Crohn's disease (CD) treated in Denmark from 1999 to 2003. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The National Danish Crohn Colitis Database of infliximab was used to identify all Danish CD patients treated at pediatric departments with infliximab. The clinical outcome was assessed by pattern recognition of the disease course 30 days after the first infliximab infusion and 90 days after intended end of treatment. RESULTS: During a 3 year period, infliximab was given to 24 CD patients (9 male/15 female) aged median 15.4 (range 9.8-18.6) years with a median disease duration of 26 (range 0.7-93) months and a median number of infusions of 6 (range 2-11). Five milligrams of infliximab per kilogram infusions were given intravenously. Immediate response was as follows: 8 (33%) patients achieved complete response (CR), 10 (42%) partial response (PR), and 6 (25%) no response (NR). Long-term response was as follows: 7 (29%) patients achieved prolonged response (PRO), defined as maintenance of CR or PR, 10 (42%) were infliximab dependent (ID), defined as relapse of symptoms requiring reinfusions of infliximab to regain CR or PR, and 6 (25%) had NR. Six (25%) patients needed surgery during or after treatment with infliximab. Side effects were seen in four (17%) patients. No serious events were noted. CONCLUSION: Seventy-one percent of the children appeared to benefit (PRO or ID) from infliximab treatment with minor side effects when given episodically. Among these patients, two response patterns were recognized: PRO after ending infliximab treatment (29%) or dependency on reinfusions of infliximab (42%).
Infliximab dependency in children with Crohn's disease (CD) has recently been described and found to be associated with a decreased surgery rate.
To assess infliximab dependency of adult CD patients, evaluate the impact on surgery, and search for possible clinical and genetic predictors.
Two hundred and forty-five CD patients treated with infliximab were included from Danish and Czech Crohn Colitis Database (1999-2006). Infliximab response was assessed as immediate outcome, 1 month after infliximab start: complete, partial, and no response. Three months outcome, after last intended infusion: prolonged response (maintenance of complete/partial response), infliximab dependency (relapse requiring repeated infusions to regain complete/partial response or need of infliximab >12 months to sustain response).
Forty-seven percent obtained prolonged response, 29% were infliximab dependent and 24% nonresponders. The cumulative probability of surgery 40 months after infliximab start was 20% in prolonged responders, 23% in infliximab-dependent patients and 76% in nonresponders (P
To describe the development in incidence, disease localization, activity, surgery and prognosis in two Danish paediatric population-based inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cohorts comparing the time periods 1962-1987 (period I) and 1998-2006 (period II).
Incident IBD patients below 15 years of age were included. Disease localization was classified according to the Montreal classification for ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and into small bowel, large bowel and small and large bowel combined for Crohn's disease (CD) patients. Disease activity and surgery in the first 2 years after diagnosis were assessed. Standardized cancer incidence rates and standardized mortality rates were calculated.
One hundred and nineteen IBD patients (77 UC and 42 CD) were included. Comparing periods II and I, the incidence rate ratios were 0.81 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.5-1.4] and 15.6 (95% CI: 7.5-32.7) in UC and CD, respectively. The number of UC patients with extensive disease (E3) increased from period I to II (46.7 vs. 94.1%, P
BACKGROUND:: The aim was to investigate the impact of systemic steroid treatment (SST) and immunomodulators (IM) on disease course in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS:: All IBD patients in eastern Denmark