The study was carried out in Dr. Sami Ulus Children's Hospital to investigate and to compare the incidence and findings of acute rheumatic fever patients (ARF) seen in the past 30 years. The medical records of 1,115 patients with ARF admitted to Dr. Sami Ulus Children's Hospital Department of Pediatric Cardiology during 1980-2009 were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-one percent of those patients were admitted between 1980 and 1989, 44.6% between 1990 and 1999, and 34.2% between 2000 and 2009. The highest incidence was detected in the second decade with a rate of 60.0:100,000. Male/female ratio was 1:18. The age of patients ranged between 2 and 15 years. Carditis was detected in 64.7% of patients, arthritis in 59.1%, and chorea in 14.1%. Mitral regurgitation was the most common echocardiographic finding. Heart failure was detected in 13.8%. Recurrent attacks occurred in 8.1% of patients. The median follow-up was 6.8 years (range, 1.2-10.5 years). The prevalence of chronic rheumatic valvular disease was 58%. Mortality rate was 0.8%.
Although the incidence of ARF has decreased in the last decade, it still continues to be an important public health problem in Turkish pediatric population.
Departments of Pediatric Cardiology Radiology, Dr. Sami Ulus Pediatric Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Medical Faculty, Fatih University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly caused by a backward displacement of the conical artery of the truncus arteriosus. It is commonly associated with additional cardiovascular abnormalities. A 7-year-old girl was admitted to our clinic with the complaint of shortness of breath upon exertion. Chest radiography revealed a hypoplastic right lung. Absence of the right pulmonary artery with atrial septal defect and pulmonary hypertension was demonstrated by echocardiography, computed tomography, and cardiac catheterization. Bosentan is effectively used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Vascular rings are a group of aortic arch anomalies and usually presents with dispnea, stridor and feeding difficulties after birth. Pulmonary artery sling is created by anomalous origin of the left pulmonary artery from the posterior aspect of the right pulmonary artery. The anomalous left pulmonary artery compresses the lower trachea and right mainstem bronchus, producing upper airway symptoms. We presented a seven-month-old male patient who admitted to our clinic because of recurrent wheezing, stridor, and frequent lower respiratory tract infections.
Isolated left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a rare cardiomyopathy characterized by prominent trabeculations and deep intratrabecular recesses. In this study, we aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of children with ventricular non-compaction and determine the factors affecting prognosis. We retrospectively evaluated 29 children with LVNC followed at Dr. Sami Ulus Children Hospital Pediatric Cardiology Department from December 2004 to November 2009. There were 13 females (45%) and 16 males (55%) and the mean age at presentation was 4.8±4.6 years (one month-15 years). Although there was no statistical significance; early presentation age and high left ventricular end-diastolic diameter at the diagnosis were associated with poorer prognosis. Keywords: Heart failure; Non-compaction of the left ventricle; Children.