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Food patterns and dietary quality associated with organic food consumption during pregnancy; data from a large cohort of pregnant women in Norway.
BMC Public Health. 2012;12:612
Publication Type
Hanne Torjusen
Geir Lieblein
Tormod Næs
Margaretha Haugen
Helle Margrete Meltzer
Anne Lise Brantsæter
Author Affiliation
Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
BMC Public Health. 2012;12:612
Publication Type
Analysis of Variance
Cohort Studies
Food Preferences
Food, Organic - utilization
Young Adult
Little is known about the consumption of organic food during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe dietary characteristics associated with frequent consumption of organic food among pregnant women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa).
The present study includes 63 808 women who during the years 2002-2007 answered two questionnaires, a general health questionnaire at gestational weeks 15 and a food frequency questionnaire at weeks 17-22. The exploration of food patterns by Principal component analyses (PCA) was followed by ANOVA analyses investigating how these food patterns as well as intake of selected food groups were associated with consumption of organic food.
The first principal component (PC1) identified by PCA, accounting for 12% of the variation, was interpreted as a 'health and sustainability component', with high positive loadings for vegetables, fruit and berries, cooking oil, whole grain bread and cereal products and negative loadings for meat, including processed meat, white bread, and cakes and sweets. Frequent consumption of organic food, which was reported among 9.1% of participants (n?=?5786), was associated with increased scores on the 'health and sustainability component' (p?
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PubMed ID
22862737 View in PubMed
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