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18 records – page 1 of 2.

Source
Nord Vet Med. 1978 Nov;30(11):482-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1978
Author
H. Pettersson
B. Göransson
K H Kiessling
K. Tideman
T. Johansson
Source
Nord Vet Med. 1978 Nov;30(11):482-5
Date
Nov-1978
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aflatoxins - analysis
Animal Feed - analysis - standards
Cereals - analysis
Sweden
Abstract
So far aflatoxin has not been detected in crops grown in Sweden but only in imported feedstuffs or in feed mixtures containing imported products. During the survey for other mycotoxins in Swedish crops a compound was detected in oats which, by further analysis, was identified as aflatoxin B1. Quantitative evaluation showed concentrations as high as 2.6 ppm. The fungal population in this highly contaminated sample consisted almost entirely of Aspergillus flavus.
PubMed ID
556541 View in PubMed
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An outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes serotype 3a infections from butter in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature198523
Source
J Infect Dis. 2000 May;181(5):1838-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2000
Author
O. Lyytikäinen
T. Autio
R. Maijala
P. Ruutu
T. Honkanen-Buzalski
M. Miettinen
M. Hatakka
J. Mikkola
V J Anttila
T. Johansson
L. Rantala
T. Aalto
H. Korkeala
A. Siitonen
Author Affiliation
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, FIN-00300 Helsinki, Finland. outi.lyytikainen@ktl. fi.
Source
J Infect Dis. 2000 May;181(5):1838-41
Date
May-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Butter - microbiology
Case-Control Studies
Child
Cross Infection - epidemiology
Dairying
Disease Outbreaks
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Listeria monocytogenes - classification
Listeriosis - epidemiology - etiology - transmission
Male
Middle Aged
Serotyping
Abstract
In February 1999, an outbreak of listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes serotype 3a occurred in Finland. All isolates were identical. The outbreak strain was first isolated in 1997 in dairy butter. This dairy began delivery to a tertiary care hospital (TCH) in June 1998. From June 1998 to April 1999, 25 case patients were identified (20 with sepsis, 4 with meningitis, and 1 with abscess; 6 patients died). Patients with the outbreak strain were more likely to have been admitted to the TCH than were patients with other strains of L. monocytogenes (60% vs. 8%; odds ratio, 17.3; 95% confidence interval, 2.8-136.8). Case patients admitted to the TCH had been hospitalized longer before cultures tested positive than had matched controls (median, 31 vs. 10 days; P=.008). An investigation found the outbreak strain in packaged butter served at the TCH and at the source dairy. Recall of the product ended the outbreak.
PubMed ID
10823797 View in PubMed
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[A Swedish psychology: "Face the fear of AIDS, go along and don't fall back!"]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8463
Source
Chir Dent Fr. 1989 Sep 28;59(486):35-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-28-1989
Author
T. Johansson
Source
Chir Dent Fr. 1989 Sep 28;59(486):35-8
Date
Sep-28-1989
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Dental Care for Disabled
Dentists
Humans
Sweden
PubMed ID
2534752 View in PubMed
Less detail

Heavy drug abuse in Sweden 1979 - a national case-finding study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature12985
Source
Drug Alcohol Depend. 1981 Jun;7(3):273-83
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1981
Author
B. Olsson
G. Carlsson
M. Fant
T. Johansson
O. Olsson
C. Roth
Source
Drug Alcohol Depend. 1981 Jun;7(3):273-83
Date
Jun-1981
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol Drinking
Cannabis
Female
Humans
Male
Opioid-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Smoking
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
An investigation was carried out as a case-finding study to estimate the scale of heavy drug abuse in Sweden. Just over 8200 persons were reported as heavy drug abusers, 80% of these as injecting. For the majority of those reported more than one type of drug was indicated. There was concurrent abuse of alcohol by a majority of the heavy drug abusers. After correction of non-response with a modified capture-recapture technique and for erroneous classification, the scale of heavy drug abuse was estimated at 10000 - 14000 persons.
PubMed ID
7261902 View in PubMed
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Inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: relation to p53 expression, clinicopathological data, and survival.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature189129
Source
Laryngoscope. 2002 Jun;112(6):1084-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2002
Author
Matti J Pukkila
Jari K Kellokoski
Jukka A Virtaniemi
Eero J Kumpulainen
Risto T Johansson
Pirjo M Halonen
Ari S T Kosunen
Juhani Nuutinen
Veli-Matti Kosma
Author Affiliation
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kuopio and Kuopio University Hospital, Finland.
Source
Laryngoscope. 2002 Jun;112(6):1084-8
Date
Jun-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell - enzymology - genetics - mortality - pathology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms - enzymology - genetics - mortality - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Nitric Oxide Synthase - analysis
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms - enzymology - genetics - mortality - pathology
Pharyngeal Neoplasms - enzymology - genetics - mortality - pathology
Prognosis
Survival Rate
Tumor Markers, Biological - analysis
Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 - analysis
Abstract
To investigate the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and its relation to p53 expression, histologic differentiation, clinical data, and prognosis.
A retrospective survey.
Primary tumors for analyses were obtained from 118 patients diagnosed with SCC of the oropharynx or hypopharynx between 1975 and 1998 in eastern Finland. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to evaluate the expression of iNOS and p53. The expression pattern of iNOS was related to p53 expression, clinical data, and survival.
High iNOS score was associated significantly with high nuclear p53 expression index (P = .006) and positive cytoplasmic p53 expression (P = .025). The score for iNOS expression was significantly lower in the largest (T4) tumors (P = .043). No association was seen between iNOS score and N or M class, tumor stage, or histologic differentiation. The score for iNOS expression was not related to overall survival.
The expressions of iNOS and p53 seem to be inter-related in pharyngeal SCC, although the causality remains to be clarified. The expression of iNOS shows no prognostic value in pharyngeal SCC.
PubMed ID
12160278 View in PubMed
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Investigation of increased listeriosis revealed two fishery production plants with persistent Listeria contamination in Finland in 2010.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature259027
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2014 Nov;142(11):2261-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2014
Author
U-M Nakari
L. Rantala
A. Pihlajasaari
S. Toikkanen
T. Johansson
C. Hellsten
S M Raulo
M. Kuusi
A. Siitonen
R. Rimhanen-Finne
Source
Epidemiol Infect. 2014 Nov;142(11):2261-9
Date
Nov-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Disease Outbreaks
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Fisheries
Food Contamination - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Food Microbiology
Food-Processing Industry
Humans
Incidence
Listeria - classification - pathogenicity
Listeriosis - diagnosis - epidemiology
Male
Registries
Risk assessment
Abstract
In 2010, a marked increase in listeriosis incidence was observed in Finland. Listeria monocytogenes PFGE profile 96 was responsible for one-fifth of the reported cases and a cluster of PFGE profile 62 was also detected. Investigations revealed two fishery production plants with persistent Listeria contamination. It appears likely that the plants were at least partly responsible for the increase of listeriosis. Epidemiological investigation revealed that 57% (31/54) of cases with underlying immunosuppressive condition or medication reported eating gravad or cold-smoked fish. Two public notices were issued by THL and Evira informing which groups were most at risk from the effects of listeriosis and should therefore be cautious in consuming certain products. Systematic sampling of foods and adequate epidemiological investigation methods are required to identify the sources of Listeria infections. Continuous control measures at fishery production plants producing risk products are essential.
PubMed ID
24476659 View in PubMed
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Is the subsite distribution of laryngeal cancer related to smoking habits?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature196089
Source
Acta Oncol. 2000;39(1):77-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
J A Virtaniemi
P P Hirvikoski
E J Kumpulainen
R T Johansson
E. Pukkala
V M Kosma
Author Affiliation
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Kuopio and Kuopio University Hospital, Finland. jukka.virtaniemi@kuh.fi
Source
Acta Oncol. 2000;39(1):77-9
Date
2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Glottis - pathology
Humans
Incidence
Laryngeal Neoplasms - etiology - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Smoking - adverse effects - epidemiology
Abstract
In Finland traditionally as many as two-thirds of laryngeal cancers have been considered to be supraglottic, while in other countries the majority are glottic. The Finnish observation is based on clinical series diagnosed and treated mainly before the 1960s. The aim of our study was to evaluate the present situation. This study consisted of 279 patients treated in Eastern Finland between 1975 and 1994 and included 145 (52%) glottic, 124 (44%) supraglottic and 10 (4%) subglottic tumours in 260 (93%) men and 19 (7%) women. During this study period, the proportion of glottic tumours remained stable in men but increased in women. The change in smoking habits seems to be the most important reason for the shift from supraglottic to glottic tumours.
PubMed ID
10752658 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Duodecim. 2000;116(19):2111-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
O. Lyytikäinen
A. Siitonen
T. Johansson
S. Lukinmaa
J. Mikkola
P. Ruutu
Author Affiliation
Kansanterveyslaitos, infektioepidemiologian osasto Mannerheimintie 166, 00300 Helsinki. outi.lyytikainen@ktl.fi
Source
Duodecim. 2000;116(19):2111-8
Date
2000
Language
Finnish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Finland - epidemiology
Food Microbiology
Foodborne Diseases - microbiology - prevention & control
Humans
Listeriosis - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Risk factors
PubMed ID
12017732 View in PubMed
Less detail

A nationwide outbreak of Salmonella bovismorbificans associated with sprouted alfalfa seeds in Finland, 2009.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132368
Source
Zoonoses Public Health. 2011 Dec;58(8):589-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2011
Author
R. Rimhanen-Finne
T. Niskanen
T. Lienemann
T. Johansson
M. Sjöman
T. Korhonen
S. Guedes
H. Kuronen
M J Virtanen
J. Mäkinen
J. Jokinen
A. Siitonen
M. Kuusi
Author Affiliation
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. fasihi@kmu.ac.ir
Source
Zoonoses Public Health. 2011 Dec;58(8):589-96
Date
Dec-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Case-Control Studies
Disease Outbreaks
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
Finland - epidemiology
Food Contamination
Food Microbiology
Genotype
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Logistic Models
Medicago sativa - microbiology
Risk factors
Salmonella Food Poisoning - epidemiology - transmission
Salmonella enterica - genetics - isolation & purification
Seeds - microbiology
Serotyping
Abstract
Salmonella enterica serotype Bovismorbificans is a rare serotype in Finland. In June 2009, a nationwide outbreak of S. Bovismorbificans infections occurred, and 42 clinical isolates were identified. We conducted a case-control study enrolling 28 cases and 48 matched controls, and found ready-to-eat alfalfa sprouts associated with the infection (odds ratio = 35.2, 95% confidence interval 2.8-435). The sprouts were traced back to a domestic producer, with the seeds originating in Italy. Although finding microbiological evidence for sprouts as a source of this outbreak was very challenging, S. Bovismorbificans was finally found in sprouts germinated in the laboratory, and in soaking and rinse waters during the germination process. The pulsed field gel electrophoresis showed that these isolates were identical to the human outbreak isolates. Before sampling, it is important to mix the seeds well and to take several large-size samples from different seed lots. Instead of analysing seeds, the analysis should be targeted to soaking or rinse water samples and to the sprouts germinated in a laboratory. Accordingly, the sprout producers should only buy seeds that have been analysed for Salmonella. The producers have to include Salmonella testing in their internal quality control to ensure that Salmonella is absent from sprouts placed on the market during their shelf-life. In order to reduce the health hazard caused by sprouts, an effective and safe decontamination procedure should also be developed for the seeds.
PubMed ID
21824360 View in PubMed
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18 records – page 1 of 2.