Little is known about the dietary habits of people with optimal body weight in communities with high overweight and obesity prevalence.
To evaluate carbohydrate intake in relation to overweight and obesity in healthy, free-living adults.
We used a cross-sectional analysis.
The Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 is a cross-sectional survey of Canadians conducted in 2004-2005. There were 4,451 participants aged 18 years and older with anthropometric and dietary data and no comorbid conditions in this analysis.
Outcome variables were body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)) and overweight or obesity status (dichotomous) defined as BMI > or =25 compared with BMI
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Aug;88(2):324-3218689367
Cites: Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Apr;65(4 Suppl):1220S-1228S; discussion 1229S-1231S9094926
Incidence rates (IRs) of early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC) are increasing, whereas average-onset colorectal cancer (AOCRC) rates are decreasing. However, rural-urban and racial/ethnic differences in trends by age have not been explored. The objective of this study was to examine joint rural-urban and racial/ethnic trends and disparities in EOCRC and AOCRC IRs.
Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data on the incidence of EOCRC (age, 20-49 years) and AOCRC (age, =50 years) were analyzed. Annual percent changes (APCs) in trends between 2000 and 2016 were calculated jointly by rurality and race/ethnicity. IRs and rate ratios were calculated for 2012-2016 by rurality, race/ethnicity, sex, and subsite.
EOCRC IRs increased 35% from 10.44 to 14.09 per 100,000 in rural populations (APC, 2.09; P