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Decision-making in general practice: the effect of financial incentives on the use of laboratory analyses.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature99704
Source
Eur J Health Econ. 2011 Jan 7;
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-7-2011
Author
Siri Fauli Munkerud
Author Affiliation
The Norwegian Medical Association, NOKLUS, HERO, P.O. Box 1152, Sentrum, 0107, Oslo, Norway, siri.munkerud@legeforeningen.no.
Source
Eur J Health Econ. 2011 Jan 7;
Date
Jan-7-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
This paper examines the reaction of general practitioners (GPs) to a reform in 2004 in the remuneration system for using laboratory services in general practice. The purpose of this paper is to study whether income motivation exists regarding the use of laboratory services in general practice, and if so, the degree of income motivation among general practitioners (GPs) in Norway. We argue that the degree of income motivation is stronger when the physicians are uncertain about the utility of the laboratory service in question. We have panel data from actual physician-patient encounters in general practices in the years 2001-2004 and use discrete choice analysis and random effects models. Estimation results show that an increase in the fees will lead to a small but significant increase in use. The reform led to minor changes in the use of laboratory analyses in GPs' offices, and we argue that financial incentives were diluted because they were in conflict with medical recommendations and existing medical practice. The patient's age has the most influence and the results support the hypothesis that the impact of income increases with increasing uncertainty about diagnosis and treatment. The policy implication of our results is that financial incentives alone are not an effective tool for influencing the use of laboratory services in GPs' offices.
PubMed ID
21213118 View in PubMed
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