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Cold stress: parameters, effects, mitigation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298796
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Alaska Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-65-5. 40 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
September 1965
  1 document  
Author
Findikyan, Nurhan
Sells, S.B.
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Alaska Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-65-5. 40 p.
Date
September 1965
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
2275384
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Cold Temperature
Exposure
Stress
Parameters
Effects
Mitigation
Psycho-physiology
Thermoregulative mechanisms
Abstract
The complex interaction of cold stress with environmental and organismic variables in exercising influence on human performance is a problem that still requires extensive investigation. Some relatively well-known interactions of cold with other stressors are reviewed. A description of the functioning of thermoregulative mechanisms in relation to cold stress and cold injury as a result of exposure in extreme climates is presented. Ways and means of counteracting cold stress to improve task performance are emphasized. The literature relating personnel selection, acclimatization, training, indoctrination, leadership, morale, and physical protection to the mitigation of cold stress and to measures of performance effectiveness is reviewed. Despite the paucity of meaningful data, it is felt that adequate and encouraging progress is being made in the understanding of the psychophysiology of cold stress.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.65-5
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress: an analysis of sociometric indices of group interaction at Alaskan AC&W sites.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298723
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical documentary report TDR-63-41. 49 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
July 1963
  1 document  
Author
Manning, W.B.
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical documentary report TDR-63-41. 49 p.
Date
July 1963
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
2695233
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Group dynamics
Alaska
Abstract
Quantitative indices of group interaction were developed using a sociometric questionnaire for interpersonal work and social contacts, administered to 1853 Air Force personnel, comprising 123 work groups at 16 remote AC&W sites in Alaska. Nineteen sociometric indices, corrected statistically for group size were intercorrelated and analyzed by factor analysis and cluster analysis, yielding eight factors, six of which conform to the six clusters independently identified. The remaining two factors were each specific to a single variable. The factors were provisionally identified as follows: I. Interaction Extent, ll. Conformity to Command Structure, III. Cohesiveness of Work Groups, IV. Formal Cooperation I, VI. Interactions Outside Work Group, and VII. Formal Cooperation II. Factors V and VIII, identified by single variables, were not interpreted. These dimensions of group interaction may be useful in comparing groups differentiated on the basis of membership, organization, structure, environmental context, or performance criteria.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.63-41
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress - an annotated bibliography. I. Basic psychology of group behavior.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298801
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Alaskan Air Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-61-19. 150 p.
Publication Type
Bibliography/Resource List
Date
October 1961
  1 document  
Author
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Alaskan Air Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report TR-61-19. 150 p.
Date
October 1961
Language
English
Publication Type
Bibliography/Resource List
File Size
26502038
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Military Personnel
Group behavior
Environmental stress
Organizational management
Leadership
Abstract
The annotated bibliographies in this series include the following titles issued as separate publications: I. The Basic Psychology of Group Behavior. II. Dimensions of Group Structure and Group Behavior. III. Environmental Stress and Behavior Ecology. IV. Organizational Staffing. V. Organizational Management and Leadership, VI. Leadership in Formal Groups.
In addition, a special methodological review of approaches to the analysis of sociometric data has been prepared as a separate report.
The present report, Basic Psychology of Group Behavior, is organized in six sections: A. General Studies and Reviews, B. Roles, Status and Intra-Group Interactions, C. Communication and Information, D. Individual Perceptions in Group Behavior, E. Attitudes and Attitude Change, and F. Methodological Studies.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.61-19
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress - an annotated bibliography. II. Dimensions of group structure and group behavior.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297264
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-20.
Publication Type
Report
Date
October 1961
  1 document  
Author
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-20.
Date
October 1961
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
2833842
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Behavior
Groups
Isolation
Stress
Abstract
PREFACE This annotated bibliography is part of a bibliographic study of research related to factors contributing to the effectiveness of AC&W sites in Alaska. The complete report will consist of a series of annotated bibliographies, as outlined below, and a series of summary reviews, following generally the same outline.
The review of literature was undertaken in a broad frame of reference, covering a wide range of variations in organizational type (e.g., from informal laboratory togetherness situations to formally organized, permanent organizations), size of group, type of mission, location, and type of personnel. This formulation not only makes possible the widest degree of generalization, but also permits the study of AC &W site problems in the perspective of principles, rather than of the limited empirical data available from polar research. The literature covered represents many disciplines, but primarily social psychology, sociology, and management. In addition, material has been drawn from other specialties of psychology, physiology, anthropology, geography, and medicine.
The annotated bibliographies in this series include the following titles, issued as separate publications: I. The Basic Psychology of Group Behavior, II. Dimensions of Group Structure and Group Behavior, III. Environmental Stress and Behavior Ecology, W. Organizational Staffing, v. Organizational Management and Leadership, VI. Leadership in Formal Groups.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.61-20
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress - an annotated bibliography. III. Environmental stress and behavior ecology.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297265
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-21.
Publication Type
Report
Date
October 1961
  1 document  
Author
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-21.
Date
October 1961
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
7237445
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Behavior
Groups
Isolation
Deprivation
Environment
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.61-21
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress - an annotated bibliography. IV. Organizational management and leadership.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297267
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-23.
Publication Type
Report
Date
October 1961
  1 document  
Author
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-23.
Date
October 1961
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
4732037
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Groups
Behavior
Isolation
Stress
Organizational management and leadership
Environment
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.61-23
Documents
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress - an annotated bibliography. IV. Organizational staffing.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297266
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-22.
Publication Type
Report
Date
October 1961
  1 document  
Author
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-22.
Date
October 1961
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
3102817
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Groups
Behavior
Isolation
Stress
Organizational management and leadership
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.61-22
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress - an annotated bibliography. V. Leadership in formal groups.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297268
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-24.
Publication Type
Report
Date
October 1961
  1 document  
Author
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
Source
Alaskan Air Command. Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical report 61-24.
Date
October 1961
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
File Size
4365343
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Humans
Groups
Behavior
Isolation
Stress
Leadership
Environment
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.61-24
Documents
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress -- Critical review. II. Dimensions of group structure and group behavior.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297218
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical documentary report AAL-TDR-62-32.
Publication Type
Report
Date
June 1962
Author
Sells, S.B.
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical documentary report AAL-TDR-62-32.
Date
June 1962
Language
English
Publication Type
Report
Keywords
Humans
Behavior
Small groups
Isolation
Stress
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Military small group performance under isolation and stress: critical review. III. Environmental stress and behavior ecology.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298684
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical documentary report TDR-62-33. 23 p.
Publication Type
Report
Date
June 1962
  1 document  
Author
Braun, J.R.
Sells, S.B.
Author Affiliation
Texas Christian University, Fort Worth
Source
Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory. Aerospace Medical Division, Air Force Systems Command. Fort Wainwright, Alaska. Technical documentary report TDR-62-33. 23 p.
Date
June 1962
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Report
File Size
1414060
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Alaska
Humans
Isolation
Cold Temperature
Behavioral health
Military psychology
Stress
Abstract
A critical research review of behavioral effects of isolation, cold, and general stress, with particular reference to AC& W sites in Alaska. On the basis of the literature, environmental stress does not appear as a major threat to adjustment of troops stationed at AC& W sites. Human engineering has contributed greatly to the comfortization and control of the environment, and there appears to be a wide difference between conditions of the area and conditions of the specific work and living environment, except in cases of emergency. The possibility of such emergencies may be a threat, but few have occurred. The positive values of motivation, training 1 and group dynamics (including leadership) as factors which offset the disorganizing effects of environmental stress are pointed out.
Notes
UAA - ALASKA RC955.U9 no.62-33
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13 records – page 1 of 2.