Authors go into one extremely important problem for the family, woman, natality and family planning in Bulgaria. Scarcely during the last years it can be observed a slight reduction of the frequency of induced abortions. The average age of women having an abortion is high--about 30, which shows, that induced abortion is still a method of regulation fertility in intergenetic interval. The rate of those who have induced abortion under the age of 19 in Bulgaria is 7.8 to 53.3%, in Czechoslovakia, 6.7%, in DDR--50.0%, Greece--68%, Hungary--8.9%, Sweden--15.8%. The rate of done again induced abortion is higher, that is a result of bad preventing activities during the first abortion. Similar is the tendency of growing number of unmarried women having an induced abortion, as it is in the other countries: from 16.4% in 1980 to 21.7% in 1987. Bulgaria is on the third place in Europe according to the absolute number of dead cases after abortion (maternity death, after Rumania and USSR). It can be mentioned that in Bulgaria women do not use the most modern and safest devices, medicines for interruption of pregnancy.
In 2011-2013, sampling of epiphytic fruticose lichens of the genera Usnea, Bryoria and Alectoria was carried out on Sakhalin and Kuril Islands (the Sakhalin region, Russia) to investigate contamination of these organisms with the Fukushima-derived (134)Cs and (137)Cs. Activities of the radionuclides were determined in all 56 samples of lichens taken for the analysis. After correction for radioactive decay (on 15 March 2011), the activity concentrations ranged from 2.1 Bq kg(-1) (d.w.) to 52 Bq kg(-1) for (134)Cs and from 2.3 Bq kg(-1) to 52 Bq kg(-1) for (137)Cs. Cesium-134 and (137)Cs activities for the whole set of lichens (n = 56) were strongly positively correlated; Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was calculated as 0.991 (P
The authors analyse experience in the first eight operations for orthotopic transplantation of the heart. Six patients were discharged from the clinic with good immediate results. Comparison of their own data with summarized results gained in other countries allowed the authors to define some specific problems which are of practical interest for clinics embarking on the clinical realization of the problem of heart transplantation.
The authors identified problematic issues of legal regulation of clinical drug trials for medical use, and proposed possible solutions. It has been established that the conduction of clinical trials, of medicinal products is based on the norms of various branches of law embodied in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the norms of international law, the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and federal laws and subordinate legislations regulating health and pharmaceutical activity. According to the authors, the norms of bioethics can be attributed to the sources of legal doctrine. It is proposed to oblige executives of clinical trials to make a report about effectiveness and safety of drugs and pass the results to the customer, in his/her turn the customer is obliged to accept the results of these trials and pay for them.
Assessment of medico-social and psychosomatic status of patients of the advanced and senile age having dental diseases was carried out. The results of the study show that the level of stomatological morbidity in this contingent of patients is rather high, and the treatment must be carried out with obligatory participation of doctors-interns and taking into account mental health of a person.