Ukrain was found to be relatively resistant in vitro to mean intensity radiation over the whole UV range. Of the seven peaks in the absorption spectrum of Ukraine those at 210 and 230 nm are conspicuous in the spectrum of the plasma of colorectal patients injected the previous day with this drug.
Aim of the work is to estimate the role of the metastases molecular signs (MMS) in paraaortal lymphatic nodes, revealed using combined molecular-biological method with application of K-RAS markers and cytokeratine 20 (CK20) for the survival prognostication in the pancreatic head cancer patients after performing pancreatoduodenal resection. Actuarial index of general survival of the patients with MMS in paraaortal lymphatic nodes was trustworthy lower than in patients without such a signs. The two-year survival index in patients without MMS was 60%, the survival mediana--32 mo. Any of the patients with MMS did not survive two years, the survival mediana was 13 mo.
The influence of transcutaneous electrostimulation of liver and biliferous ducts while conduction of desintoxication using chitinous enterosorbent "Mikoton" on the result of treatment of hepatargy in patients with obstructive jaundice of nontumoral genesis in the early postoperative period was studied.
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Ukrain in the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Most patients with advanced pancreas cancer experience pain and have to limit their daily activities because of tumor-related symptoms. Currently, there is no satisfactory treatment for pancreas cancer. The 12-month survival rate is approximately 18% for patients treated with gemcitabine and only around 2% for those treated with 5-fluorouracil. Between January 1, 1996 and December 31, 1999 42 patients with advanced symptomatic pancreas cancer were randomly assigned to receive either vitamin C (5.4 g every second day, repeated 10 times) and Ukrain (10 mg every second day, repeated 10 times) (21 patients), or vitamin C (5.4 g every second day x 10) and normal saline (10 ml) (control group, 21 patients). The primary measure of efficacy was overall survival. Other evaluation criteria included change in body weight, pain intensity (measured by analgesic consumption) and Kamofsky performance status. The one-year survival was 81% in the Ukrain group compared with 14% in the control group. The 2-year survival was 43% in the Ukrain group compared with 5% in the control group. In a recent study of 126 patients treated with gemcitabine or 5-fluorouracil, none of the patients survived beyond 19 months. The longest survival in the Ukrain group was 54 months after the start of therapy (from March 1996 to date). The last follow-up of other patients was on September 6, 2000. Median survival was 17.17 months for Ukrain-treated patients and 6.97 months for the control group and mean survival was 21.86 and 8.92 months for the Ukrain and control groups, respectively (p = 0.001). Ukrain treatment was well tolerated. We conclude that Ukrain prolongs survival of pancreas cancer patients. To determine whether and to what extent this drug can be used as standard therapy in pancreas cancer, a phase III study should be carried out.
A 50-year-old female patient with breast cancer (stage IV) was treated with Ukrain because of the impossibility of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The first course led to a subjective improvement in her general condition, objective changes such as the appearance of border between the tumor and healthy tissues and a decrease in tumor size. Ukrain facilitated the surgeon in performing an operation to remove the primary tumor as well as the metastatic lymph nodes. After the second and third courses of Ukrain, the patient demonstrated clinical remission.
A 52-year-old man with renal cell carcinoma was treated with surgery and chemotherapy (vinblastine). Ukrain was administered after tumor progression to the vena cava inferior and appearance of liver metastasis. The drug induced a complete remission, which has lasted 32 months since the first therapy course.
A 23-year-old woman, diagnosed with a synovial sarcoma of the peritoneum, underwent an operation for tumor extraction. In the postoperative period, Ukrain was injected i.v. at a dose of 10 mg on alternate days, for a total of 10 injections. After a 2-month break, this schedule was repeated. Ukrain treatment was well tolerated by the patient and there were no complications in the postoperative period. The following changes in immunohematological parameters were observed: increased total leucocytes, T lymphocytes and T helpers. Nearly 4 years after Ukrain therapy, the patient is in complete remission.