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Glucose status and depressive symptoms: a cohort study of elderly people in northwest Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299985
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 2019 May 17; :1-7
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
May-17-2019
Author
Yrjö Perkkiö
Jari Jokelainen
Juha Auvinen
Pasi Eskola
Juha Saltevo
Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi
Markku Timonen
Author Affiliation
a Center for Life Course Health Research, Faculty of Medicine , University of Oulu , Oulu , Finland.
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 2019 May 17; :1-7
Date
May-17-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Abstract
To assess the association between depressive symptoms and impaired glucose metabolism in the elderly population in arctic latitudes.
A population-based study.
Community.
The study population consisted of 1,830 subjects born between the years 1915 and 1958 in the northernmost part of Finland, the Muonio-Enontekiö district, who participated in a health survey during 1974-1984. In 2014, a health questionnaire was sent to 1,037 subjects, and 757 participants (73%) answered it. Those (n?=?629) living in the Muonio-Enontekiö district undergone a clinical examination in 2014 and 2015 including blood collections.
Depressive symptoms defined by the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI II) with a cut-off point of 14. Different diabetic states based on WHO's classification criteria defined by fasting plasma glucose and ADA's criteria by glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) values.
According to logistic regression analysis, depressive symptoms (BDI-II = 14) were associated statistically significantly with previously known type 2 diabetes, the odds ratio (OR) being 4.33 (95% CI 1.53-14.14). Regarding prediabetic fasting glucose/HbA1c values, the corresponding OR was 2.94 (95% CI 1.17-8.94). The prevalence of depressive symptoms (BDI-II = 14) was 7.1%, (men 9.7% and women 5.4%) and 13.7% (men 9.9% and women 17.0%) in subjects living in Muonio-Enontekiö district and in those who had moved away from there, respectively.
The association of depressive symptoms between prediabetes and diabetes seems to be present also in the northernmost latitudes of the world.
PubMed ID
31099298 View in PubMed
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ÖMPSQ-short score and determinants of chronic pain: cross-sectional results from a middle-aged birth cohort.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature285459
Source
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2017 Sep 07;
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-07-2017
Author
Olli Ruokolainen
Juha Auvinen
Steven J Linton
Sauli Herrala
Pasi Eskola
Markus Paananen
Raija Korpelainen
Jaro Karppinen
Source
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2017 Sep 07;
Date
Sep-07-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Abstract
The Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ) was developed to identify patients at risk of developing work disability due to pain. So far, neither the ÖMPSQ nor its short version (ÖMSPQ-short) have been tested in population-based samples.
We examined the associations between several well-known determinants for chronic pain and ÖMPSQ-short score.
Cross-sectional study.
All measurements and tests were made at the University of Oulu.
Subjects belonging to the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 answered a questionnaire at the age of 46 years (n=5637).
The questionnaire included the ÖMPSQ-short as well as questions about smoking, education, location, number of pain sites, and physical activity. In addition, body weight and height were measured in order to calculate the body mass index.
In multivariate logistic regression analysis, reporting 4-5 pain sites (females OR 3.4; males 3.0), =6 pain sites (females OR 12.4; males 7.4) and current smoking (females 1.8; males 2.6) were associated with being classified into the ÖMPSQ high risk group. In females, also obesity (OR 1.6) and less than 9 years of education (2.7) were associated with higher ÖMPSQ score. The frequency of physical activity was not associated with the ÖMPSQ score.
High number of pain sites and smoking among both genders, and obesity and low education level among females is associated with higher ÖMPSQ scores. Therefore, the ÖMPSQ-short may be a working instrument for also screening the general population.
Results of this study may improve the detection of patients at high risk of developing work disability due to pain.
PubMed ID
28884562 View in PubMed
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ÖMPSQ-Short Score and determinants of chronic pain: cross-sectional results from a middle-aged birth cohort.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295317
Source
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2018 Feb; 54(1):34-40
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Feb-2018
Author
Olli Ruokolainen
Juha Auvinen
Steven J Linton
Sauli Herrala
Pasi Eskola
Markus Paananen
Raija Korpelainen
Jaro Karppinen
Author Affiliation
Center for Life Course Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland - olli.ruokolainen@koti.fimnet.fi.
Source
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2018 Feb; 54(1):34-40
Date
Feb-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Chronic Pain - diagnosis
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disability Evaluation
Female
Finland
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Musculoskeletal Pain - diagnosis
Pain Measurement
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
The Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ) was developed to identify patients at risk of developing work disability due to pain. So far, neither the ÖMPSQ or its short version (ÖMSPQ-short) have been tested in population-based samples.
We examined the associations between several well-known determinants for chronic pain and ÖMPSQ-Short Score.
Cross-sectional study.
All measurements and tests were made at the University of Oulu.
Subjects belonging to the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 answered a questionnaire at the age of 46 years (N.=5637).
The questionnaire included the ÖMPSQ-short as well as questions about smoking, education, location, number of pain sites, and physical activity. In addition, body weight and height were measured in order to calculate the Body Mass Index.
In multivariate logistic regression analysis, reporting 4-5 pain sites (females OR 3.4; males 3.0), =6 pain sites (females OR 12.4; males 7.4) and current smoking (females 1.8; males 2.6) were associated with being classified into the ÖMPSQ high risk group. In females, also obesity (OR 1.6) and less than 9 years of education (2.7) were associated with higher ÖMPSQ Score. The frequency of physical activity was not associated with the ÖMPSQ Score.
High number of pain sites and smoking among both genders, and obesity and low education level among females is associated with higher ÖMPSQ scores. Therefore, the ÖMPSQ-short may be a working instrument for also screening the general population.
Results of this study may improve the detection of patients at high risk of developing work disability due to pain.
PubMed ID
28884562 View in PubMed
Less detail