This paper describes the background and evolution of a Code of Research Ethics that was developed for a primary diabetes prevention project in the Native Mohawk community of Kahnawake in Canada. Embodying the principles of participatory research, this code was written by the researchers in conjunction with the community in the first year of the three-year project. The code ensures that the community is a full partner for the entire research process. For this project a Community Advisory Board is representative of the community.
These results are based on self-reported information gathered through 1161 interviews administered in person during the summer of 1991 with Cree respondents aged 15 and over. Two out of three young people in the 15-24 age group smoke regularly, and this proportion decreased with age. The Cree were not found to be heavy smokers. Half of all respondents declared never drinking alcoholic beverages, 22% are occasional drinkers, and 27% drink on a regular basis. Among those who drink, two-thirds have 5 drinks or more on the days they drink and, according to a scale based on criteria from the DSMIII, 15% of the adult population have drinking problems. Moreover, ten percent of women and 20% of men declared having used drugs during the year prior to the survey.