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A 30-year study of homicide recidivism and schizophrenia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature108246
Source
Crim Behav Ment Health. 2013 Dec;23(5):347-55
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2013
Author
Andrei Golenkov
Matthew Large
Olav Nielssen
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russia.
Source
Crim Behav Ment Health. 2013 Dec;23(5):347-55
Date
Dec-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Criminals - psychology
Female
Homicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Incidence
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Recurrence
Residence Characteristics
Retrospective Studies
Russia - epidemiology
Schizophrenia - diagnosis - epidemiology
Schizophrenic Psychology
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors
Violence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
A second homicide by a released mentally ill person is a potentially avoidable tragedy that can reduce the prospects of conditional release for other mentally ill offenders.
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and criminological features of single and recidivist homicide offenders with schizophrenia from the Chuvash Republic of the Russian Federation.
Data were extracted from the criminal and clinical records of all people with schizophrenia who had been convicted of a homicide in the Chuvash Republic at any time between 1 January 1981 and 31 December 2010. Those convicted of a second homicide offence during the 30 years of the study were compared with those convicted of a single homicide.
Sixteen (10.7%) of 149 homicide offenders with schizophrenia had committed a previous homicide. The 16 recidivists included nine offenders who were diagnosed with schizophrenia at the time of their first homicide (after January 1981), three who were diagnosed with schizophrenia only after the first homicide and four who had already been diagnosed with schizophrenia at the time of a pre-1981 homicide. Time at risk for recidivists and non-recidivists differed, but the average time back in the community for the non-recidivists just exceeded the average time to second homicide for the recidivists. All the recidivists were men. Living in a rural area and dissocial personality traits were associated with homicide recidivism.
In the Chuvash republic, most of the repeat homicide offences by people with schizophrenia were committed by people residing in rural areas with less access to psychiatric services, which provides indirect evidence for the efficacy of ongoing treatment and supervision in preventing repeat homicides. This area of study is, however, limited by the small numbers of cases and the long follow-up required. International collaborative studies are indicated to provide a more accurate estimate of the rate of recidivist homicide in schizophrenia.
PubMed ID
23913742 View in PubMed
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Characteristics of homicide offenders with Schizophrenia from the Russian Federation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature132399
Source
Schizophr Res. 2011 Dec;133(1-3):232-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2011
Author
Andrei Golenkov
Matthew Large
Olav Nielssen
Alla Tsymbalova
Author Affiliation
Chuvash State University, Cheboksary, Russia. golenkovav@inbox.ru
Source
Schizophr Res. 2011 Dec;133(1-3):232-7
Date
Dec-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Chi-Square Distribution
Female
Homicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Humans
International Classification of Diseases
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Russia - epidemiology
Schizophrenia - epidemiology
Schizophrenic Psychology
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
It has been suggested that the characteristics of homicides committed by people with schizophrenia from regions with a high total homicide rate differ from the characteristics of homicides by people with schizophrenia from regions with low rates of homicide.
Homicide offenders in the Chuvash Republic of the Russian Federation have been systematically examined for over 30 years. This study reports on a review of the documents from pre-trial psychiatric assessments and legal proceedings of all people charged with homicide offenses between 1981 and 2010 who were found to have schizophrenia.
There were 133 people (120 men, 13 women) with an ICD-10 diagnosis of schizophrenia who committed a homicide offense in the 30 years of the study, including 15 repeat homicide offenders and 9 homicides with multiple victims. The odds ratio (OR) for homicide associated with schizophrenia was 13.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) (11.4-16.0). The mean age of the offenders was 34.8 (SD 9.6) and most had the paranoid subtype of schizophrenia (78%). The majority of victims were family members (51%) or acquaintances (43%). Delusions of persecution, auditory hallucinations and other positive symptoms were present in 58% of offenders at the time of the homicide. The remaining 42% exhibited negative symptoms such as emotional deficits, had antisocial attitudes or were regarded as having impaired self-control. Alcohol intoxication was reported at the time of 45% of homicides. Stabbing was the most common method and few of the homicides involved firearms.
The characteristics of homicide offenders with schizophrenia from Chuvashia do not appear to differ greatly from those of homicide offenders with schizophrenia from regions with far lower rates of homicide.
PubMed ID
21821396 View in PubMed
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High rates of homicide are associated with high rates of homicide-suicide.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature97404
Source
J Forensic Leg Med. 2010 May;17(4):225-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2010
Author
Matthew M Large
Glen Smith
Olav Nielssen
Source
J Forensic Leg Med. 2010 May;17(4):225-6
Date
May-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Greenland - epidemiology
Homicide - statistics & numerical data
Humans
South Africa - epidemiology
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Wounds, Gunshot - mortality
Notes
RefSource: J Forensic Leg Med. 2009 Jul;16(5):261-5
PubMed ID
20382363 View in PubMed
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Homicide and mental disorder in a region with a high homicide rate.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280156
Source
Asian J Psychiatr. 2016 Oct;23:87-92
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
Andrei Golenkov
Matthew Large
Olav Nielssen
Alla Tsymbalova
Source
Asian J Psychiatr. 2016 Oct;23:87-92
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Criminals - statistics & numerical data
Female
Homicide - ethnology
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - ethnology
Mentally Ill Persons - statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Russia - ethnology
Young Adult
Abstract
There are few studies of the relationship between mental disorder and homicide offences from regions with high rates of homicide. We examined the characteristics and psychiatric diagnoses of homicide offenders from the Chuvash Republic of the Russian Federation, a region of Russia with a high total homicide rate. In the 30 years between 1981 and 2010, 3414 homicide offenders were the subjected to pre-trial evaluations by experienced psychiatrists, almost half of whom (1596, 46.7%) met the international classification of diseases (ICD) 10 criteria for at least one mental disorder. The six most common individual diagnoses were alcohol dependence (15.9%), acquired organic mental disorder (7.3%), personality disorder (7.1%), schizophrenia (4.4%) and intellectual disability (3.6%). More than one disorder was found in 7.4% of offenders and alcohol dependence was the most frequently diagnosed co-morbid disorder. One in ten offenders were found to be not criminally responsible for their actions. Few homicides involved the use of substances other than alcohol, and firearms were used in 1.6% of homicides. The finding that people with mental disorders other than psychosis committed a high proportion of homicides in a region with a high rate of homicide, suggests that people with mental disorders are vulnerable to similar sociological factors to those that contribute to homicide offences by people who do not have mental disorder.
PubMed ID
27969086 View in PubMed
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Penrose updated: deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill is not the reason for the increase in violent crime.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature151916
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63(3):267
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Olav Nielssen
Matthew Large
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63(3):267
Date
2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Crime - statistics & numerical data
Deinstitutionalization - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Norway - epidemiology
Notes
Comment On: Nord J Psychiatry. 2009;63(1):51-618985517
PubMed ID
19306155 View in PubMed
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Public attitudes towards involuntary admission and treatment by mental health services in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature294910
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2017 Nov - Dec; 55:1-7
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
Inge Joa
Kjetil Hustoft
Liss Gøril Anda
Kolbjørn Brønnick
Olav Nielssen
Jan Olav Johannessen
Johannes H Langeveld
Author Affiliation
Network for Clinical Psychosis Research, Division of Psychiatry, Stavanger University Hospital, Norway; Network for Medical Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Stavanger, Norway. Electronic address: ijo@sus.no.
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2017 Nov - Dec; 55:1-7
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Attitude to Health
Commitment of Mentally Ill
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Male
Mental Disorders - psychology - therapy
Mental health services
Middle Aged
Norway
Public Opinion
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult
Abstract
The role of compulsory treatment of serious mental disorders has been the topic of ongoing public debate involving among others mental health professionals, service providers, service user advocates, relatives of service users, media commentators and politicians. However, relatively little is known about general public attitudes towards involuntary admission and compulsory treatment of people with various mental disorders. This article examines the attitudes in a representative sample of Norway's population towards the use of involuntary admission and treatment, and under which circumstances does the general public consider compulsory treatment to be justified in the Norwegian mental health care services.
Data were collected from a representative sample of the population in Norway aged 18 and older. The sample was stratified for gender, geographical region and age distribution (n=2001). The survey was performed in the months of May 2009 (n=1000) and May 2011 (n=1001), using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews (CATI) by an independent polling company. All respondents were provided a general definition of coercive intervention before the interview was conducted.
Univariate descriptions and bivariate analyses were performed by means of cross-tabulation, analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) and comparing of group of means. Cohen's d was used as the measure for effect size.
Between 87% and 97% of those surveyed expressed strong or partial agreement with the use of involuntary admissions or compulsory treatment related to specified cases and situations. The majority of interviewees (56%) expressed the opinion that overall, current levels are acceptable. A further, 34% were of the opinion that current levels are too low, while only 9.9% of respondents supported a reduction in the level of involuntary treatment. Lower levels of education were associated with a more positive attitude towards involuntary admission and treatment. There was stronger support for admission to prevent suicide than the possibility of violence by the mentally ill.
The Norwegian adult population largely supports current legislation and practices regarding involuntary admission and compulsory treatment in the mental health services.
PubMed ID
29157507 View in PubMed
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7 records – page 1 of 1.