Primary Sj?gren's syndrome (SS) shares many features with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Here we investigated the association of the three major polymorphisms in IRF5 and STAT4 found to be associated with SLE, in patients from Sweden and Norway with primary SS. These polymorphisms are a 5-bp CGGGG indel in the promoter of IRF5, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10488631 downstream of IRF5 and the STAT4 SNP rs7582694, which tags the major risk haplotype of STAT4. We observed strong signals for association between all three polymorphisms and primary SS, with odds ratios (ORs) >1.4 and P-values
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the major histocompatibility complex class II transactivator (MHC2TA) gene encoding the class II transactivator have been associated with multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and myocardial infarction in the Swedish population. We used a case-control approach to investigate the prevalence of a relevant variant in Swedish systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohorts to determine whether SLE shares the same MHC2TA susceptibility allele as the other diseases. No differences were observed between cases and control subjects at either the allele or genotype levels. Furthermore, no significant correlations were found when comparing different clinical and serological SLE phenotypes. This particular polymorphism rs3087456 of the MHC2TA gene does not appear to influence genetic susceptibility to SLE in the Swedish population. We conclude that our data support neither allelic nor genotype association between the MHC2TA SNP and SLE.