A study of two inactivated monovalent and polyvalent influenza vaccines in the winter of 1965 among secondary school pupils in Anchorage, Alaska, is reported. Two successive waves of infection with influenza virus A2 and B occurred which were closely related antigenically to the vaccine strains A2/ Taiwan/1/64 and B/Maryland/1/59. Protection in the vaccinated group was evident, as expected, and the order of efficacy of the vaccines was around 50 to 60%.
During the fall and winter of 1960-61, among Eskimo families at Bethel and Goodnews Bay, Alaska, there was an outbreak of trichinosis, totaling 24 cases, due to the ingestion of the meat of both black and brown bear. All cases were confirmed serologically and epidemiologically and included 18 clinical and 6 subclinical infections. The high rate of false-negative reactions in confirmed clinical infections, coupled with the high rate of positive reactions in persons with no clinical illness, considerably complicated the interpretation of the skin-test readings for diagnostic purposes. A review of the literature on trichinella skin testing indicated that lack of suitable case and control-group studies, as well as of consistent standardization of skin-test antigens and standard interpretation of the skin-test reaction itself, has precluded adequate evaluation of the role of the intradermal test both in epidemiologic survey and as a diagnostic adjunct. The presence of a relatively large number of cases in which the clinical and epidemiologic diagnosis was clear cut and the existence of a comparable control group in the area led to the initiation of a controlled study of two trichina skin-test antigens prepared at the Communicable Disease Center, in series with the commercial antigen administered and interpreted according to rigorously defined criteria. This paper presents the results of this study.
From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2111.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 895.
There is a widespread clinical impression that heart disease is uncommon in certain segments of the Alaska Native population, and the results of limited mortality analysis have been consistent with this impression. It was therefore decided to examine death records of Natives more extensively in an attempt to verify further this impression. For purposes of this study, all deaths for Alaskan Aleuts, Eskimos, and Indians age 40 and over, certified as due to diseases of the heart, were reviewed for the period 1955-65.
Alaska Medical Library - From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2540.
Cited in: Fortuine, Robert. 1968. The Health of the Eskimos: a bibliography 1857-1967. Dartmouth College Libraries. Citation number 1008.
Otitis media is the second highest cause of morbidity among AlaskaNatives. This and other reports of unusually high rates of hearing deficiency have stimulated a series of projects to investigate the natural history and epidemiologic concepts of middle ear disease. In a pilot study which compared the retrospective history of draining ears and the prevalence of hearing deficiency among Eskimo, Aleut, and Caucasian children in Alaska, Eskimochildren had the greatest prevalence of pathology. The present study correlates episodes of otorrhea and hearing deficiency in acohort of Eskimo children who have been followed since their birth.
Alaska Medical Library - From: Fortuine, Robert et al. 1993. The Health of the Inuit of North America: A Bibliography from the Earliest Times through 1990. University of Alaska Anchorage. Citation number 2447.
Cites: Can Med Assoc J. 1965 Dec 18;93(25):1301-55843870
Cites: Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1955 Sep;45(9):1101-813248996
Cites: Public Health Rep. 1958 Mar;73(3):265-7813527601