The main objective of this study was to investigate different psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Depression, Anxiety, and Positive Outlook Scale (DAPOS) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain in an orthopedic setting.
A total of 449 participants took part in the study, including 288 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain and 161 participants in a reference group. Internal consistency, convergent validity, and measurement invariance of the constructs of DAPOS were investigated across sex and diagnostic groups. The Beck Depression Inventory and the Spielberger Anxiety Inventory were used for measures of convergent validity. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis was performed to test measurement invariance of the theoretical constructs of DAPOS.
Internal consistency was good for all 3 constructs, and correlations concerned with convergent validity were found to be acceptable to good. With regard to cross-validation, the 3 constructs of DAPOS were strictly measurement invariant with respect to sex. Across diagnostic groups, the constructs of anxiety and positive outlook were almost strictly measurement invariant, although there were some restrictions of measurement invariance for the construct of depression.
To be able to rely on an instrument with as few items as DAPOS, the cross-validation of its constructs for sex and diagnostic groups is a valuable information, particularly when investigated in patients with musculoskeletal pain. Based on these results, we recommend that DAPOS could replace longer and more time-consuming screening tests in clinical settings.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the occurrence of kinesiophobia and to investigate the association between kinesiphobia and pain variables, physical exercise measures and psychological characteristics in patients with musculoskeletal pain. DESIGN: A prospective descriptive study involving 2 selected physiotherapy departments within a primary healthcare setting in the south-west of Sweden. PATIENTS: Included were 140 of 369 (38%) consecutive patients (aged between 18 and 65 years) with musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: Questionnaires including background data, pain variables, physical exercise measures and psychological characteristics were sent to the patients prior to their appointment with the physiotherapist. A simple and a multiple logistic regression model were performed to identify associations among the variables where kinesiophobia was defined as the dependent variable. RESULTS: A high degree of kinesiophobia and psychological distress were observed in approximately 50% of the responders. According to the simple logistic regression analysis the factors that seemed to be associated with kinesiophobia were interference, disability, pain severity, pain intensity, life control, affective distress, depressed mood and solicitous response. The multiple logistic regression analysis showed no significant associations. CONCLUSION: Kinesiophobia is a commonly seen factor among patients with musculoskeletal pain, which ought to be taken into consideration when designing and performing rehabilitation programmes.
Bone-anchored prosthesis is still a rather unusual treatment for patients with limb loss.
The aim of this study was to improve our understanding about the experience of living with an osseointegrated prosthesis (OI-prosthesis) compared to one suspended with a socket, through the use of qualitative research methodology.
A qualitative phenomenological research method.
Thirteen Swedish patients (37-67 years) with unilateral upper or lower limb amputation (10 transfemoral, 2 transhumeral, 1 transradial), who had been using OI-prostheses for 3 to 15 years, were recruited by means of purposive sampling. An audio-taped in-depth interview was performed. The guiding question was 'How do you experience living with your osseointegrated prosthesis compared to your earlier prostheses suspended with sockets?'. The empirical phenomenological psychological method was used for data analysis.
The results showed that all participants described living with an OI-prosthesis as a revolutionary change. These experiences were described in terms of three typologies, called 'Practical prosthesis', 'Pretend limb' and 'A part of me'.
The most important finding was that the change went beyond the functional improvements, integrating the existential implications in the concept of quality of life.
This qualitative in-depth interview study on patients using bone-anchored prosthetic limbs showed that all described a revolutionary change in their lives as amputees and the meaning of that change went beyond the functional improvements, integrating existential implications in the concept of quality of life.