Over 45 years ago, Montreal Platelet Syndrome was first described as a rare inherited platelet disorder characterised by macrothrombocytopenia with spontaneous platelet clumping, abnormal platelet shape change upon stimulation and a defect in platelet calpain. This syndrome has now been reclassified as type 2B von Willebrand disease with the V1316M VWF mutation in the only kindred ever reported. We herein revisit the historical platelet characteristics originally described in Montreal Platelet Syndrome in light of the new diagnosis. This paper will review the 45-year saga of Montreal Platelet Syndrome, a story that highlights the value of revisiting a rare diagnosis to look for a more common explanation.
We published the Canadian 2003 International Consensus Algorithm for the Diagnosis, Therapy, and Management of Hereditary Angioedema (HAE; C1 inhibitor [C1-INH] deficiency) in 2004.
To ensure that this consensus remains current.
In collaboration with the Canadian Network of Rare Blood Disorder Organizations, we held the second Canadian Consensus discussion with our international colleagues in Toronto, Ontario, on February 3, 2006, and reviewed its content at the Fifth C1 Inhibitor Deficiency Workshop in Budapest on June 2, 2007. Papers were presented by international investigators, and this consensus algorithm approach resulted.
This consensus algorithm outlines the approach recommended for the diagnosis, therapy, and management of HAE, which was agreed on by the authors of this report. This document is only a consensus algorithm approach and continues to require validation. As such, participants agreed to make this a living 2007 algorithm, a work in progress, and to review its content at future international HAE meetings.
There is a paucity of double-blind, placebo-controlled trials on the treatment of HAE, making levels of evidence to support the algorithm less than optimal. Controlled trials currently under way will provide further insight into the management of HAE. As with our Canadian 2003 Consensus, this 2007 International Consensus Algorithm for the Diagnosis, Therapy, and Management of HAE was formed through the meeting and agreement of patient care professionals along with patient group representatives and individual patients.
This prospective Canadian pilot study assesses the platelet response rate in H. pylori positive and negative patients and evaluates potential mechanisms to explain response. Patients with ITP received H. pylori eradication therapy and platelet counts at day 56 were used to assess response. Gastric permeability, stool H. pylori antigen and serum CagA anti-body were done at baseline and at day 60. Twenty-two patients were enrolled with an overall response rate of 27% (6/22). The prevalence of H. pylori was 18% (4/22). Seventy-five percent of the H. pylori positive patients (3/4) achieved a response compared to 17% (3/18) of the H. pylori negative patients (P
As part of the Canadian post-licensure surveillance on the safety of recombinant factor IX (rFIX. BeneFIX), factor IX recovery and inhibitor development were studied. The recovery following rFIX infusion in 126 patients (mean = 0.77, median 0.72, range 0.36-1.85, 95% CI of mean 0.74-0.81, expressed as FIX activity increase in U/dL per IU FIX concentrate/kg body weight infused) was significantly lower than that following the last plasma-derived factor IX (pdFIX) infusion in 74 patients (mean 1.05, median 1.00, range 0.37-2.29, 95% CI of mean 0.99-0.97). The recovery for rFIX for patients aged 15 years (n = 85, mean 0.84) was each significantly lower than that for pdFIX (aged 15 years: n = 53, mean recovery 1.10). For both rFIX and pdFIX concentrates, the recovery was lower in patients 15 years of age. Similar data and conclusions were obtained on 66 patients with paired recovery data from rFIX and pdFIX. Overall, our data are similar to those obtained in formal clinical trials. Two of 244 patients treated with rFIX for up to 5 years have developed de novo inhibitors associated with anaphylaxis, an incidence that is similar to that reported for pdFIX. No other serious adverse events, including thrombotic episodes, were reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first formal report of recovery and inhibitor formation on rFIX in a peer-reviewed manuscript form.
Warfarin-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (WAICH) is a devastating disease with increasing incidence. In this setting, treatment with prothrombin complex concentrates (PCC) is essential to correct coagulopathy. Yet despite the availability of coagulopathy correction strategies, significant treatment delays can occur in emergency departments (EDs), which may be overcome using stroke prenotification strategies. To explore this, we compared arrival-to-treatment times with PCC for WAICH between two different stroke response systems that used the same international normalized ratio (INR) correction protocol.
We established a registry of consecutive patients presenting with WAICH and treated with PCC presenting to two Canadian tertiary-care academic stroke centers: one with a stroke prenotification system, and one with a traditional ED assessment, treatment and referral system. In this comparative cohort design, we defined the WAICH diagnosis time as the earliest time point where both INR and CT were available. We compared median times from arrival to treatment, as well as arrival to diagnosis, and diagnosis to treatment.
Between 2008 and 2010, we collected data from 123 consecutive patients with intracranial hemorrhage who received PCC for INR correction (79 from ED referral, and 44 prenotification). Onset-to-arrival times, demographics, Glasgow Coma Scale scores, and baseline INR were similar between the two systems. Arrival-to-treatment times were significantly shorter in the prenotification system as compared to the traditional ED referral system (135 vs. 267 min; p = 0.001), which was driven by both decreased arrival-to-diagnosis time (49 vs. 117 min; p = 0.006), as well as decreased diagnosis-to-treatment time (56 vs. 112 min; p