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8 records – page 1 of 1.

2-year clinical performance of a fluoride-containing fissure sealant in young schoolchildren at caries risk.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature34233
Source
Am J Dent. 1997 Jun;10(3):115-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1997
Author
A. Carlsson
M. Petersson
S. Twetman
Author Affiliation
Public Dental Clinic, Vallås, Sweden.
Source
Am J Dent. 1997 Jun;10(3):115-9
Date
Jun-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Analysis of Variance
Cariostatic Agents - analysis - therapeutic use
Chi-Square Distribution
Child
Colony Count, Microbial
Composite Resins - chemistry - therapeutic use
Dental Caries - epidemiology - prevention & control
Dental Plaque - microbiology
Fluorides - analysis - pharmacology - therapeutic use
Humans
Lactobacillus - drug effects - isolation & purification
Pit and Fissure Sealants - therapeutic use
Prevalence
Risk assessment
Saliva - chemistry - microbiology
Statistics, nonparametric
Streptococcus mutans - drug effects - isolation & purification
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical performance of Helioseal-F, a fluoride-containing fissure sealant, in school children at caries risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A caries risk assessment based on past caries experience, saliva microbial tests, buffer capacity and frequency of sugar intake was carried out in 204 healthy children, 6-7 years of age. Children exhibiting one or more risk factors were considered at caries risk (n = 121) and their permanent molars were sealed with a fluoride-containing fissure sealant, thus forming a fissure sealant group (FSG). The remaining 83 children with low caries risk received no fissure sealants and constituted a reference group (RG). Both groups were followed for 2 years. From 15 children of both groups, unstimulated whole saliva was collected 1 month after sealant placement in order to determine fluoride levels. In another 20 children, a split-mouth study design was utilized to compare the colonization of mutans streptococci adjacent to and on F-containing sealants and conventional controls. The sealants were placed by dental hygienists according to the manufacturers' instructions. RESULTS: A total of 431 fissure sealants were placed at baseline. Complete retention was found in 76.6% during the study period while 22.0% were partially lost. Six sealants (1.4%) were completely lost. The enamel caries incidence was 45% lower (P
PubMed ID
9545884 View in PubMed
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Excusing exclusion: Accounting for rule-breaking and sanctions in a Swedish methadone clinic.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature106367
Source
Int J Drug Policy. 2013 Nov;24(6):e99-e104
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2013
Author
Frida J M Petersson
Author Affiliation
Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 720, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: frida.petersson@socwork.gu.se.
Source
Int J Drug Policy. 2013 Nov;24(6):e99-e104
Date
Nov-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Analgesics, Opioid - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Attitude of Health Personnel
Cooperative Behavior
Dangerous Behavior
Decision Making
Drug Users - psychology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Heroin Dependence - drug therapy - psychology
Humans
Methadone - adverse effects - therapeutic use
Opiate Substitution Treatment
Patient care team
Patient compliance
Program Development
Program Evaluation
Punishment
Recurrence
Social Responsibility
Substance Abuse Treatment Centers - organization & administration
Sweden
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Methadone maintenance treatment has been subjected to much debate and controversy in Sweden during the last decades. Thresholds for getting access are high and control policies strict within the programmes. This article analyses how professionals working in a Swedish methadone clinic discuss and decide on appropriate responses to clients' rule-breaking behaviour.
The research data consist of field notes from observations of three interprofessional team meetings where different clients' illicit drug use is discussed. A micro-sociological approach and accounts analysis was applied to the data.
During their decision-oriented talk at the meetings, the professionals account for: (1) sanctions, (2) nonsanction, (3) mildness. In accounting for (2) and (3), they also account for clients' rule-breaking behaviour. Analysis shows how these ways of accounting are concerned with locating blame and responsibility for the act in question, as well as with constructing excuses and justifications for the clients and for the professionals themselves.
In general, these results demonstrate that maintenance treatment in everyday professional decision-making, far from being a neutral evidence-based practice, involves a substantial amount of professional discretion and moral judgements. Sanctions are chosen according to the way in which a deviance from the rules is explained and, in doing so, a certain behaviour is deemed to be serious, dangerous and unacceptable - or excusable.
PubMed ID
24183330 View in PubMed
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Occupational status among adult survivors following allo-SCT.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265824
Source
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2014 Jun;49(6):836-42
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2014
Author
J. Winterling
E. Johansson
A. Wennman-Larsen
L-M Petersson
P. Ljungman
K. Alexanderson
Source
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2014 Jun;49(6):836-42
Date
Jun-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Allografts
Employment
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Quality of Life
Return to Work - psychology
Stem Cell Transplantation - adverse effects - psychology
Sweden
Work - psychology
Work Capacity Evaluation
Young Adult
Abstract
Being in work or the equivalent is an important goal after allo-SCT and is used as an indicator of recovery. The aim was to elucidate occupational status and factors associated with work among SCT survivors. Adults in working age with a haematological disease (n=177) were followed up within a median of 8 (range 28) years post allo-SCT. Predictors of not being in work at all or working part-time because of sick leave, disability pension or early old-age pension were analyzed using logistic regression analyses. At diagnosis, 82% of the participants were working full-time and 2% were on sick leave or old-age pension. At follow-up, 52% were working full-time, 27% were working part-time and 17% were on sick leave, disability pension or old-age pension. Not working at all was associated with multi-morbidity (P=0.01) and poorer health (P=0.00). Working part-time was associated with a higher age at diagnosis (P=0.00), being a woman (P=0.03), being born abroad (P=0.03) and multi-morbidity (P=0.00). In conclusion, the majority of survivors were in paid work at follow-up; however, a substantial number were not working or worked part-time.
PubMed ID
24614841 View in PubMed
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Party and Play in the Closet? Exploring Club Drug Use Among Swedish Men Who Have Sex With Men.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature291783
Source
Subst Use Misuse. 2016 07 28; 51(9):1093-103
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
07-28-2016
Author
Frida J M Petersson
Ronny Tikkanen
Axel J Schmidt
Author Affiliation
a Department of Social Work , University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.
Source
Subst Use Misuse. 2016 07 28; 51(9):1093-103
Date
07-28-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Homosexuality, Male
Humans
Male
Sexual and Gender Minorities
Sexually transmitted diseases
Sweden
Abstract
Men who have sex with men (MSM) is a population that is less frequently the target of drug research in a Scandinavian context.
This study aims to explore: (1) the existence of club drug use among a sample of Swedish MSM, and (2) associations between club drug use and sociodemographic, sociosexual, and sexual risk behavior.
Data were drawn from a larger European study on MSM and HIV but the analytic sample consisted of the 3,004 MSM who resided in Sweden. SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used to perform the analysis. The primary outcome variable was a dichotomous measure of having used club drugs in the past 12 months vs. not. The independent variables were categorized into three domains, sociodemographic, sociosexual, and sexual risk behavior. The analysis was undertaken as a univariable analysis.
Results show that club drug use exists in the Swedish MSM population and is particularly prevalent among gay identified, younger MSM from metropolitan areas, and among men with diagnosed HIV or other STIs. Moreover, club drug use was common among the men that had more sexual partners and took more sexual risks. These men were also more likely to have been diagnosed with an STI.
MSM who use club drugs have to be acknowledged in the Swedish drug policy context, as well as within clinical practice. Further research is needed to develop an understanding of the social and contextual dimensions involved in club drug use among Swedish MSM.
PubMed ID
27158751 View in PubMed
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[Therapeutic need of acute psychiatric patients and offered care during a 10-year period]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73122
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1994 Nov 7;156(45):6689-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-7-1994
Author
M. Petersson
A. Tornøe
E. Dahl
A B Christensen
Author Affiliation
Svendborg Sygehus, psykiatrisk afdeling.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1994 Nov 7;156(45):6689-93
Date
Nov-7-1994
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adult
Comparative Study
Denmark
Emergency Service, Hospital - organization & administration - standards - statistics & numerical data
English Abstract
Female
Health Services Accessibility
Health services needs and demand
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - therapy
Patient Admission
Prospective Studies
Psychiatric Department, Hospital - organization & administration - standards - statistics & numerical data
Referral and Consultation
Abstract
With reference to the great changes made in recent years within the Danish psychiatric services, we compared the demand for care of acute psychiatric patients with the care offered. Over a period of three months in 1991 we prospectively registered all 243 acute psychiatric referrals to Svendborg Hospital, with regard to age, sex, way and source of referral, diagnosis, need for care and care offered. The result was compared with similar surveys in 1980 and 1985. We found that optimal treatment was not available to approximately 20% of the acute psychiatric referrals, the care we most often were unable to offer was acute admission to the psychiatric ward of Svendborg Hospital. We also found that from 1980 to 1991 there were no changes in the number of daily referrals, in the sex ratio or the age distribution of the patients. Our ability to meet the specific needs for care changes quantitatively throughout the period. The survey concludes that we are still unable to meet the specific needs for treatment of acute psychiatric referrals. Various suggestions are made as to how to improve the services offered to acute psychiatric patients.
PubMed ID
7839483 View in PubMed
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Treatment of dysphagia improves nutritional conditions in stroke patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature50004
Source
Dysphagia. 1999;14(2):61-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
S. Elmståhl
M. Bülow
O. Ekberg
M. Petersson
H. Tegner
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
Source
Dysphagia. 1999;14(2):61-6
Date
1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cerebrovascular Disorders - complications - diagnosis
Deglutition Disorders - diagnosis - etiology - therapy
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Severity of Illness Index
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
Dysphagia is a common symptom in stroke patients, and malnutrition is prevalent among these patients. Thus far, nutritional effects of dysphagic treatment have not been evaluated. The aim of the present report was to study the effects of swallowing techniques on nutritional and anthropometric variables. A survey with follow-up was performed at the Departments of Geriatric Medicine and Neurology, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden. Thirty-eight stroke patients, 53-89 years of age, with subjective complaints of dysphagia and oral/pharyngeal dysfunction according to videofluoroscopic barium swallowing examination (VSBE), were given swallowing treatment. The treatment included oral motor exercise, different swallowing techniques, positioning, and diet modification. Plasma protein levels, body composition, VSBE, and a viso-analogical scale for subjective complaints were repeated before and after treatment. At baseline, 94% of cases had signs of penetration and 50-72% had plasma protein levels below recommended levels. Treatment reduced the degree of oral dysfunction, (dissociation) and pharyngeal dysfunction (penetration and constrictor paresis). Sixty percent of cases showed an improved overall VSBE score, and improved levels of albumin and total iron-binding capacity were restricted to this group. In cases with unchanged or decreased VSBE score, body weight was reduced and a negative correlation to total iron-binding capacity was noted (r = -0.60, p
PubMed ID
10028034 View in PubMed
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Women's reflections and actions regarding working after breast cancer surgery - a focus group study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature120498
Source
Psychooncology. 2013 Jul;22(7):1639-44
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2013
Author
M I Nilsson
M. Olsson
A. Wennman-Larsen
L-M Petersson
K. Alexanderson
Author Affiliation
Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. marie.i.nilsson@ki.se
Source
Psychooncology. 2013 Jul;22(7):1639-44
Date
Jul-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Breast Neoplasms - psychology - surgery
Employment - psychology
Female
Focus Groups
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Mastectomy
Middle Aged
Qualitative Research
Return to Work - psychology
Self Concept
Sick Leave
Social Support
Socioeconomic Factors
Sweden
Workplace
Abstract
To better understand processes affecting return to work (RTW) after breast cancer, more knowledge from the perspective of sickness absentees is warranted. Still, research based on women's own reasoning and actions in RTW is very scarce. This study aims to elucidate how women with breast cancer reflect and act on work-related issues.
Thematic analyses of data from four focus group interviews with 23 women who had had breast cancer surgery in the previous 3-13 months were carried out.
The five following themes of reflections regarding RTW were identified: 'health and functioning', 'self-esteem/integrity', 'value of work', 'relationships at work', and 'social circumstances'. These reflections were associated with the three identified themes of actions taken by the women: 'to work or to be sickness absent', 'to adjust work according to own needs or not', and 'to disclose or to hide one's cancer'. There was a distinct difference between women who experienced work as a source of well-being and those who needed a respite from work.
This study adds knowledge to the process of RTW after breast cancer and focuses on factors that lead the women to an active role in this process. We point to the interplay between women's own preferences, perceived competence, outer opportunities, and the actions each woman take with regard to RTW, which need to be recognized by all stakeholders involved. Furthermore, it continues to be essential to address the specific issue of disclosure in the workplace because this may be distressing for women.
PubMed ID
22996725 View in PubMed
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8 records – page 1 of 1.