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113 records – page 1 of 12.

Alcohol policy in the Nordic countries.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11065
Source
BMJ. 1997 Apr 19;314(7088):1142-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-19-1997
Author
L. Chenet
M. McKee
M. Osler
A. Krasnik
Source
BMJ. 1997 Apr 19;314(7088):1142-3
Date
Apr-19-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking - legislation & jurisprudence
Commerce
Health Policy
Humans
Public Health
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Scandinavia
Notes
Comment On: BMJ. 1997 Apr 19;314(7088):1164-89146389
PubMed ID
9146376 View in PubMed
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[An increased number of induced abortions in Denmark?]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature65245
Source
Nord Med. 1990;105(2):40, 45
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
M. Osler
Author Affiliation
Føde- og gyn.afd Y, Rigshospitalet, København.
Source
Nord Med. 1990;105(2):40, 45
Date
1990
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abortion, Induced - statistics & numerical data
Contraception - methods
Denmark - epidemiology
Family Planning Services
Female
Humans
Pregnancy
PubMed ID
2304832 View in PubMed
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[A quantitative assessment of the impact of diet on the mortality of heart disease in Denmark. Estimation of etiologic fraction]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10365
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2000 Sep 11;162(37):4921-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-11-2000
Author
M. Osler
J. Godtfredsen
M N Grønbaek
P. Marckmann
O K Overvad
Author Affiliation
Københavns Universitet, Panum Instituttet, afdeling for social medicin og psykosocial sundhed (Institut for Folkesundhedsvidenskab).
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2000 Sep 11;162(37):4921-5
Date
Sep-11-2000
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking
Coronary Disease - etiology - mortality
Denmark - epidemiology
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
English Abstract
Food Habits
Fruit
Guidelines
Humans
Myocardial Ischemia - etiology - mortality
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Vegetables
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to quantify the impact of different dietary factors on the mortality from ischaemic heart disease in Denmark. METHODS: Relative risks and knowledge on the distribution of different dietary factors were used to estimate etiological fractions. RESULTS: It is estimated that an intake of fruit and vegetables and saturated fat as recommended would prevent 12 and 22%, respectively, of deaths from ischaemic heart disease in Denmark. An intake of fish among those at high risk for ischaemic heart disease, would lead to a 26% lower mortality, while alcohol intake among abstainers would have no significant quantitative effect. DISCUSSION: These results suggest that changes in dietary habits according to current recommendations would have an impact on public health in Denmark.
PubMed ID
11002740 View in PubMed
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Assessment of habitual energy and macronutrient intake in adults: comparison of a seven day food record with a dietary history interview.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature61703
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Feb;56(2):105-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2002
Author
S. Høidrup
A H Andreasen
M. Osler
A N Pedersen
L M Jørgensen
T. Jørgensen
M. Schroll
B L Heitmann
Author Affiliation
Copenhagen County Centre for Preventive Medicine, Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Medical Dept M, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark. sh@ipm.hosp.dk
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Feb;56(2):105-13
Date
Feb-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Body mass index
Comparative Study
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Dietary Carbohydrates - administration & dosage
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins - administration & dosage
Energy Intake - physiology
Energy Metabolism - physiology
Female
Food Habits
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires - standards
Reproducibility of Results
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To examine the quantitative agreement between a 7 day food record and a diet history interview when these are conducted under the same conditions and to evaluate whether the two methods assess habitual diet intake differently among subgroups of age and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Population study, Denmark. SUBJECTS: A total of 175 men and 173 women aged 30-60 y, selected randomly from a larger population sample of Danish adults. INTERVENTIONS: All subjects had habitual diet intake assessed by a diet history interview and completed a 7 day food record within 3 weeks following the interview. The diet history interview and coding of records were performed by the same trained dietician. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Median between-method difference in assessment of total energy intake, absolute intake of macronutrients, and nutrient energy percentages. Difference between reported energy intake from both methods and estimated energy expenditure in different subgroups. RESULTS: Energy and macronutrient intake was assessed slightly higher by the 7 day food record than by the diet history interview, but in absolute terms the differences were negligible. The between-method difference in assessment of total energy intake appeared to be stable over the range of age and BMI in both sexes. As compared to estimated total energy expenditure, both diet assessment methods underestimated energy intake by approximately 20%. For both methods the under-reporting increased by BMI in both sexes and by age in men. CONCLUSIONS: Energy and macronutrient intake data collected under even conditions by either a 7 day food record or a diet history interview may be collapsed and analysed independent of the underlying diet method. Both diet methods, however, appear to underestimate energy intake dependent on age and BMI. SPONSORSHIP: Danish Medical Research Council, the FREJA programme.
PubMed ID
11857043 View in PubMed
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[Birth environment investigation 1976--1977. I. Material, methods, pregnancy and antenatal preparation]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature60649
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1979 Jun 25;141(26):1779-83
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-25-1979

[Birth environment investigation. III. Puerperium, infants in neonatal departments and informative material]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature60647
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1979 Jun 25;141(26):1786-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-25-1979

[Cardiovascular risk factors--extent and self-assessed risk in relation to prevention of cardiovascular diseases. A questionnaire among 3,956 men and women aged 24-65 years in Vejle County, Slangerup and Helsinge municipalities]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69096
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Feb 24;154(9):538-43
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-24-1992
Author
M. Osler
N B Jespersen
J. Lous
N K Rasmussen
Author Affiliation
Embedslaegeinstitutionen for Frederiksborg Amt, Vejle Amt, Hjertesekretariatet.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Feb 24;154(9):538-43
Date
Feb-24-1992
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology - prevention & control
Denmark
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Self Assessment (Psychology)
Abstract
In autumn 1989, a material of 1,330 men and 1,561 women aged 20-65 years and resident in the County of Vejle replied to a standardized questionnaire about their knowledge and behaviour in relation to prophylaxis of cardiovascular disease. During the same period, 501 men 565 women in the Municipalities of Helsinge and Slangerup participated in a similar investigation. It was investigated whether the behaviours of the participants as regards tobacco, physical activity, diet, experience of stress and overweight were unsuitable in relation to prevention of cardiovascular disease. 22% of the men and 11% of the women had unfavourable behaviour in more than two of these factors. The percentage proportion with many unfavourable factors was greatest among persons with the lowest school education. The majority of the participants were aware of the factors which are of significance for the development of cardiovascular disease. The general level of knowledge was high. A majority of the participants with many unfavourable factors assessed their own risk of development of cardiovascular disease as great. The proportion of the participants who were aware that a personal effort was of significance to retain health was greatest in the group where the behaviour was most suitable both where men an women were concerned.
Notes
Comment In: Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 Jun 8;154(24):1716-81632010
PubMed ID
1539386 View in PubMed
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[Changed attitude of the Medico-legal Council to ureteral injuries related to hysterectomy].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223805
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1992 May 4;154(19):1365-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-4-1992

Changes in smoking habits and risk of asthma: a longitudinal population based study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15453
Source
Eur Respir J. 2001 Sep;18(3):549-54
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2001
Author
N S Godtfredsen
P. Lange
E. Prescott
M. Osler
J. Vestbo
Author Affiliation
Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital.
Source
Eur Respir J. 2001 Sep;18(3):549-54
Date
Sep-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Asthma - epidemiology
Causality
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Logistic Models
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Respiratory Function Tests
Risk assessment
Selection Bias
Smoking Cessation
Abstract
A common statement from exsmokers is that symptoms of asthma develop shortly after smoking cessation. This study, therefore, investigated the relationship between smoking cessation and development of asthma in a large cohort from the Copenhagen City Heart Study (CCHS). The CCHS is a longitudinal, epidemiological study of the general population from the capital of Denmark, conducted between 1976 and 1994. The study population involved the 10,200 subjects who provided information on self-reported asthma and smoking habits from the first two examinations (baseline and 5-yr follow-up), and the 6,814 subjects who also attended the third and last examination (10-yr follow-up). The point-prevalence of smoking cessation as well as the asthma incidence between examinations was estimated, and a multivariate logistic regression model was used to examine the relationship between changes in smoking habits and development of asthma. During the study period, asthma incidence increased from 1.2-4.2%. Between examinations 1,316 subjects quit smoking. Smoking cessation between examinations was significantly related to reported asthma at follow-up. With never-smokers as the reference group and following adjustment for sex, age, chronic bronchitis, level of forced expiratory volume in one second and pack-yrs of smoking, the odds ratio (OR) for developing asthma when quitting smoking between examinations was 3.9 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.8-8.2) from baseline to first follow-up and 3.1 (95% CI 1.9-5.1) from first to second follow-up. Continuing smoking also increased the risk of asthma significantly (OR 2.6 and 2.0, respectively). The results indicate that exsmokers have a higher incidence of self-reported asthma than never-smokers. It is likely that subjects perceive chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as asthma, hence the relationship between smoking cessation and asthma might be due to misclassification rather than causality.
PubMed ID
11589354 View in PubMed
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113 records – page 1 of 12.