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Dietary risk factors for cancer and adenomas of the large intestine. A case-control study within a screening trial in Denmark.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature23771
Source
Eur J Cancer. 1994;30A(1):53-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
J. Olsen
O. Kronborg
J. Lynggaard
M. Ewertz
Author Affiliation
Steno Institute of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
Source
Eur J Cancer. 1994;30A(1):53-60
Date
1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenoma - etiology
Aged
Body mass index
Case-Control Studies
Colonic Neoplasms - etiology
Diet
Dietary Fats - administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber
Energy intake
Female
Food Habits
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Rectal Neoplasms - etiology
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Vitamins - administration & dosage
Abstract
The aims of the study were to estimate the importance of dietary habits for colorectal cancers and adenomas. By comparing risk factors among cancer and adenoma patients the adenoma cancer theory was indirectly evaluated. The study was performed as a case-control study within a large screening trial in Denmark. All cancer and adenoma patients diagnosed at the screening were recruited as cases; controls were selected among test negatives after matching for age, sex and time of screening. All those selected except 85, participated in a 7-day dietary recall. Altogether 49 colorectal cancer patients and 172 with adenomas were examined; 362 individuals who were test negatives in the Hemoccult-II screen served as controls. The intake of crude dietary fibres was shown to be associated with reduced risk of cancer as well as adenomas. Neither cancer nor adenoma occurrences were related to total energy intake or body mass. Vitamins E and A were negatively associated with adenoma occurrence.
PubMed ID
8142166 View in PubMed
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Survival of breast cancer patients in relation to factors which affect the risk of developing breast cancer.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11972
Source
Int J Cancer. 1991 Oct 21;49(4):526-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-21-1991
Author
M. Ewertz
S. Gillanders
L. Meyer
K. Zedeler
Author Affiliation
Danish Cancer Registry, Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Copenhagen.
Source
Int J Cancer. 1991 Oct 21;49(4):526-30
Date
Oct-21-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking
Body mass index
Body Weight
Breast Neoplasms - etiology - mortality - pathology - physiopathology
Denmark
Female
Humans
Lymphatic Metastasis
Menarche
Menopause
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Smoking
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
In order to evaluate the prognostic significance of risk factors for developing breast cancer, a population-based study was conducted of 2,445 breast cancer patients diagnosed in Denmark, 1983-1984. Data on clinical and pathological characteristics of breast cancer were derived from the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group and data on risk factors from a self-administered questionnaire. Among 1,744 patients (71%) with complete information, survival was determined primarily by size of the tumour, skin invasion, number of positive lymph nodes and grade. No significant association was found between survival and reproductive or hormonal risk factors, dietary variables, alcohol consumption and smoking. Low current body weight and weight loss indicated a poor prognosis, independent of the clinical characteristics of the tumour.
PubMed ID
1917153 View in PubMed
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